Renée of Bourbon

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Renée of Bourbon, Duchess of Lorraine
Spouse(s) Antoine, Duke of Lorraine
Noble family House of Bourbon
Father Gilbert, Count of Montpensier
Mother Clara Gonzaga
Born 1494
Died 26 May 1539(1539-05-26)
Nancy

Renée of Bourbon, Duchess of Lorraine also called, Renée, Lady of Mercœur, (1494 – 26 May 1539), was a Duchess consort of Lorraine. She was a daughter of Gilbert de Bourbon, Count of Montpensier by Clara Gonzaga, and sister of Charles de Bourbon, Duke of Bourbon.

Renée was brought up with her cousins, the princesses of France. On 26 June 1515 she married Antoine, Duke of Lorraine in Amboise. The marriage was arranged by the French King, Francis. Francis had promised Antoine marriage to the French queen dowager, Mary Tudor of England, but when Mary chose another spouse, Francis replaced her with Renée.

Her entry to Nancy was described in a chronicle. She arrived at Nancy from Bar-le-Duc at the start of May 1516. First she stopped short of the town at a village called Laixou. After enjoying a magnificent picnic for six hours, she came to the gates of Nancy and was met by a choir on a scaffold singing in her honour, accompanied by cannon fire from the ramparts.[1] They had six children;

Duchess Renée, reportedly, did not have the force of character to exert any political influence in Lorraine.[2] However, she became known for he cultivated Italian taste, and was said to have brought "the graces and refinement of the Mantuan Court" to Lorraine.[3] The blossoming of the arts which took place in Nancy from the reign of Antoine has been attributed to her.[4]

In August 1538, Renée was commanded to court at Compiègne to meet Mary of Austria, Queen of Hungary. In March 1539 she travelled to Neufchâteau to meet Antoine who had stomach trouble and they returned to Nancy. Renée died at Nancy of dysentery on 26 May 1539.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Les Archives de Nancy, Henri Lepage, vol. 1 (1865) 56-60.
  2. ^ Julia Cartwright: Christina of Denmark. Duchess of Milan and Lorraine. 1522-1590, New York, 1913
  3. ^ Julia Cartwright: Christina of Denmark. Duchess of Milan and Lorraine. 1522-1590, New York, 1913
  4. ^ Julia Cartwright: Christina of Denmark. Duchess of Milan and Lorraine. 1522-1590, New York, 1913
  5. ^ Wood, Marguerite, Balcares Papers, vol. 1 (1923), 11-12, 22, 25, 26-29.
Renée of Bourbon
Born: 1494 Died: 26 May 1539
Preceded by
Philippa of Guelders
Duchess consort of Lorraine
1515–1539
Succeeded by
Christina of Denmark