|Classification and external resources|
Renal ectopia or ectopic kidney describes a kidney that is not located in its usual position. It results from the kidney failing to ascend from its origin in the true pelvis or from a superiorly ascended kidney located in the thorax.
It has an incidence of approximately 1/900.
- "Ectopic Kidney - Renal Ectopia - Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Complications". Medindia. 18 March 2015. Retrieved 23 December 2016.
- "Ectopic Kidney". Retrieved 2007-12-01.
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