Renal hilum

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Hilum of kidney
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Kidney anatomy, with hilum labeled at upper left.
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Latinhilum renale
Anatomical terminology

The renal hilum (Latin: hilum renale) or renal pedicle is the hilum of the kidney, that is, its recessed central fissure where its vessels, nerves and ureter pass. The medial border of the kidney is concave in the center and convex toward either extremity; it is directed forward and a little downward. Its central part presents a deep longitudinal fissure, bounded by prominent overhanging anterior and posterior lips. This fissure is a hilum that transmits the vessels, nerves, and ureter. From anterior to posterior, the renal vein exits, the renal artery enters, and the renal pelvis exits the kidney.

Hilum's Order[edit]

The superior, middle, and inferior vessels enter or leave the hilum of kidney: from anterior to posterior is renal vein, renal artery and renal pelvis, respectively.

See also[edit]

Additional images[edit]


This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 1219 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

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