Renault Celtaquatre

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Renault Celtaquatre
Renault Celtaquatre4.JPG
Overview
Manufacturer Renault
Also called Renault Celtaboule
Production 1934–1938
Assembly Billancourt, France
Body and chassis
Class Small family car (C)
Body style 2-door cabriolet
4-door saloon
2-door coupé
Layout FR layout
Platform Renault Primaquatre
Related Renault Primaquatre
Powertrain
Engine 1463 cc 8CV straight-4
Transmission 3-speed manual
Dimensions
Length 3,860 mm (152.0 in) /4,020 mm (158.3 in)
Width 1,510 mm (59.4 in)
Height 1,590 mm (62.6 in)
Curb weight 1,150 kg (2,535 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Renault Monaquatre
Successor Renault Juvaquatre

The Renault Celtaquatre is a small family car produced by the French manufacturer Renault between 1934 and 1938. Although French, it took some of its styling cues from American cars of the time. Its rounded silhouette gave it the nickname “Celtaboule” ("Celtaball").

Details and evolution[edit]

The Celtaquatre was presented to the public in April 1934 and entered production a month later.[1]:60 Unfortunately its arrival coincided with that of Citroën's Traction Avant.[1]:25–27 The Renault's launch was therefore overshadowed by Citroën's powerful publicity machine.[1]:60

The car was powered by a four-cylinder 1463 cc[a] side-valve engine, for which a maximum of 34 hp @ 3,500 rpm was claimed.[1]:60 Power passed to the rear wheels via a classic three speed transmission.[1]:60 The suspension was based on rigid axles front and back,[1]:60 which was seen as a rather minimalist at a time when competitor vehicles from volume automakers such as the Peugeot 301 were being delivered with independent front suspension.[1]:54 However, the 8CV Celtaquatre was also much more aggressively priced than the 8CV 301: At the Paris Motor Show in October the list price for a Celtaquatre with a standard "berline" (saloon) body was given as 16,900 francs,[1] while the Peugeot 301 "berline normale" was priced at 20,500 francs.[1]:54

In 1935, adjustments were made to the bonnet, with horizontal chrome-lined openings in place of the earlier three shutters. Two-tone paintwork was standard. A supplement of 400 francs was required for a single colour.

In 1936, the Celtaquatre lost its roundness to acquire a more aerodynamic shape. Appearance of two new body types: a Cabriolet and a Coupé Cabriolet. In 1937, the Celtaquatre received an American-inspired V-shaped grill which was retained throughout the rest of the model's production.

In 1938, a new bumper design appeared with straight slats. The coupé was discontinued.

In 1939, after production of 44,000 units,[2] the Celtaquatre was replaced by the Juvaquatre.

By 1940, most of the Celtaquatre cars remaining in stock were delivered to the French Army.

In July 1941, the very last 13 Celtaquatre cars were transformed into a small series of Novaquatre.

Characteristics[edit]

  • Consumption: 8 liters per 100 km
  • Speed: 100 km/h (62 mph)[2]
  • Power: 30 hp (8 CV)[2]
  • Brakes: cable-actuated drums front and rear[2]
  • Battery: 6 V

Types[edit]

  • ZR1
  • ZR2
  • AEC1 (led commercial)
  • ADC1
  • ADC2
  • ADC3
  • BCR

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Bellu, René (2002). "Automobilia". Toutes les voitures françaises 1934 (salon [Paris, Oct] 1933). Paris: Histoire & collections (22). 
  2. ^ a b c d Odin, L.C. World in Motion 1939 - The whole of the year's automobile production. Belvedere Publishing, 2015. ASIN: B00ZLN91ZG.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ bore × stroke of 70×95 mm