|This article relies largely or entirely upon a single source. (July 2015)|
|Also called||Renault Celtaboule|
|Body and chassis|
|Class||Small family car (C)|
|Body style||2-door cabriolet
|Engine||1463 cc 8CV straight-4|
|Length||3,860 mm (152.0 in) /4,020 mm (158.3 in)|
|Width||1,510 mm (59.4 in)|
|Height||1,590 mm (62.6 in)|
|Curb weight||1,150 kg (2,535 lb)|
The Renault Celtaquatre is a small family car produced by the French manufacturer Renault between 1934 and 1938. Although French, it took some of its styling cues from American cars of the time. Its rounded silhouette gave it the nickname “Celtaboule” ("Celtaball").
Details and evolution
The Celtaquatre was presented to the public in April 1934 and entered production a month later.:60 Unfortunately its arrival coincided with that of Citroën's Traction Avant.:25–27 The Renault's launch was therefore overshadowed by Citroën's powerful publicity machine.:60
The car was powered by a four-cylinder 1463 cc[a] side-valve engine, for which a maximum of 34 hp @ 3,500 rpm was claimed.:60 Power passed to the rear wheels via a classic three speed transmission.:60 The suspension was based on rigid axles front and back,:60 which was seen as a rather minimalist at a time when competitor vehicles from volume automakers such as the Peugeot 301 were being delivered with independent front suspension.:54 However, the 8CV Celtaquatre was also much more aggressively priced than the 8CV 301: At the Paris Motor Show in October the list price for a Celtaquatre with a standard "berline" (saloon) body was given as 16,900 francs, while the Peugeot 301 "berline normale" was priced at 20,500 francs.:54
In 1935, adjustments were made to the bonnet, with horizontal chrome-lined openings in place of the earlier three shutters. Two-tone paintwork was standard. A supplement of 400 francs was required for a single colour.
In 1936, the Celtaquatre lost its roundness to acquire a more aerodynamic shape. Appearance of two new body types: a Cabriolet and a Coupé Cabriolet. In 1937, the Celtaquatre received an American-inspired V-shaped grill which was retained throughout the rest of the model's production.
In 1938, a new bumper design appeared with straight slats. The coupé was discontinued.
By 1940, most of the Celtaquatre cars remaining in stock were delivered to the French Army.
In July 1941, the very last 13 Celtaquatre cars were transformed into a small series of Novaquatre.
- Consumption: 8 liters per 100 km
- Speed: 100 km/h (62 mph)
- Power: 30 hp (8 CV)
- Brakes: cable-actuated drums front and rear
- Battery: 6 V
- AEC1 (led commercial)
- Bellu, René (2002). "Automobilia". Toutes les voitures françaises 1934 (salon [Paris, Oct] 1933). Paris: Histoire & collections (22).
- Odin, L.C. World in Motion 1939 - The whole of the year's automobile production. Belvedere Publishing, 2015. ASIN: B00ZLN91ZG.
- bore × stroke of 70×95 mm
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Renault Celtaquatre.|
|Renault passenger cars timeline 1920s–1950s — next »|
|MT||Celtaquatre||(Juv.) Break / Dauphinoise|
|12HP 2812cc||15HP 3178cc|
|22HP 4767cc||Viva(stella) Grand Sport|
|« previous — Renault car timeline, 1940s–1980s — next »|
|Economy car||3 / 4||4|
|Supermini||5 / 7||5|
|Small family car||Juvaquatre||Dauphine||6||14||9 / 11||19|
|4CV||8 / 10|
|Large family car||Colorale||12||18||21|
|Executive car||Frégate||16||20 / 30||25|
|Coupé||15 / 17||Fuego|
|Sports car||Alpine A610|
|Off-roader||Rodeo 4 / 6||Rodeo|