Renault Étoile Filante

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Renault Étoile Filante
Renault Etoile filante 04.JPG
Manufacturer Renault
Body and chassis
Class Land speed record car
Body style No-door monoposto streamliner car
Engine Gas turbine Turbomeca Turmo; 270 bhp (201 kW); 28,000 rpm
Length 4,840 mm (190.6 in)
Width 1,815 mm (71.5 in)
Height 999 mm (39.3 in)
Curb weight 950 kg (2,094 lb)

The Renault Étoile Filante (Shooting Star) was Renault's only attempt at both creating a gas turbine-powered car and setting a land speed record for such cars.

In 1954 the French aeronautical turbine's manufacturer, Turbomeca, proposed that Renault make a gas turbine car, both to exalt the benefits of the technology and to try to break the speed record for gas turbine cars.

Renault created the car, and tested it in a wind tunnel between 1954 and 1955. In 1956, Jean Hébert and a Renault Team went off to the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah for speed tests. The car reached an average speed of 191.0 mph (307.4 km/h),[1] achieving a world record for turbine-engine cars. These speed tests also helped promote sales from Renault's newest car in the United States, the Dauphine. The Étoile Filante later appeared at motor shows all over the world. In the early 1960s, however, the end of the gas-turbine era stopped Renault from making a second car, and its speed record was neglected.

In the mid 1990s, Renault decided to restore the car, with a view to getting it running again. Renault completely dismantled the car at its Billancourt factory in Paris, respraying the chassis and repairing the engine. In front of an expectant crowd, the car was fired up and moved under its own power for the first time since 1956. It's now conserved as a part of Renault's Historical Cars Collection.