Rendsburg High Bridge
|Rendsburg High Bridge|
Main span of the Rendsburg High Bridge
|Official name||Eisenbahnhochbrücke Rendsburg|
|Total length||2,486 metres (8,156 ft)|
|Height||68 metres (223 ft)|
|Longest span||140 metres (460 ft)|
|Piers in water||None|
|Clearance above||42 metres (138 ft)|
The Rendsburg High Bridge (German: Rendsburger Hochbrücke, officially Eisenbahnhochbrücke Rendsburg) is a railway viaduct on the Neumünster–Flensburg line that also serves as a transporter bridge. The bridge crosses the Kiel Canal at Rendsburg in the German state of Schleswig-Holstein. It is federally owned through the Federal Water and Navigation Administration that also owns and runs the canal.
The Kiel Canal (then Kaiser-Wilhelm-Kanal) was built between 1887 and 1895 cutting through existing traffic lines including the railway line between Neumünster and Flensburg for which two parallel swing bridges were built. In 1907 it was decided to enlarge the canal and in the course of this expansion major obstacles were also to be removed.
Main railway lines had right of way over ships on the canal and ships had to stop, losing about half an hour when a train passed. This was considered the major obstacle as the ships were unable to overtake and could pass each other at dedicated enlarged areas so that the traffic on the entire canal was hampered. Especially the navy pressed for a separation of traffic flows as closed bridges could delay flotillas by several hours.
In order to allow the railway line to pass above the canal, the new bridge was to have a clearance of 42 metres over the canal's mean water level. The existing tracks crossed the canal about 7 metres above the canal's water level, so the tracks had to be elevated by about 36.5 metres including additional 1.5 metres to accommodate the thickness of the lower girder. The required maximum incline of 1:150 (one-metre gain in altitude per 150 metres' distance) made it necessary to build elevated embankments and access bridges of about 5.5 km at each side.
Design and construction
The steel viaduct has a length of 2,486 metres (8,156 ft) and is supplemented by embankments that bring the overall length of the structure to about 7.5 kilometres (4.7 mi). The cantilever main bridge is 317 metres (1,040 ft) long, has a main span of 140 metres (460 ft) and provides a clearance of 42 metres (138 ft) above the canal's water level.
To serve Rendsburg station, situated at ground level only a couple of hundred metres from the main bridge, the railway line is routed through a large 360-degree loop on the north bank of the canal ("Rendsburg Loop").
The total cost of the construction, including the relocation of railway lines but excluding work related to the elevation of Rendsburg station, was 13.4 million Mark. This figure includes 5.7 million Mark for bridges, 2.7 million Mark for the mounds and 1.3 million Mark for underpasses and the relocation of roads.
The "Schwebefähre" (suspension ferry) runs daily every quarter of an hour from early morning until late at night. It covers a distance of 125 metres (410 ft) within 1½ minutes and provides the shortest connection between the municipality of Osterrönfeld and the city of Rendsburg. As this mean of transportation is especially useful to students on their way to school, larger maintenance work that requires suspension of service is coordinated with school holidays.
The gondola is fourteen metres long and six metres wide, and travels six metres above the canal. In recent years the nominal transport capacity has been reduced from six to four automobiles in order to factor in increased car size and weight. While the gondola is equipped with nautical equipment such as radio, radar and life-rafts, there is no prerequisite for the operator to hold a master's license for inland navigation.
During a storm in January 1993, the unmanned and unlit gondola broke loose at night, was blown over the canal and collided with a ship. Both ship and gondola suffered only minor damage.
On 8 January 2016 the transporter bridge collided with general cargo ship Evert Prahm. The transporter bridge was heavily damaged. It was demounted and moved to a shipyard on March 15, 2016 for damage assessment and repairs, which are estimated to take a few months. As of August 2018, the transporter bridge was still not in operation.
The hanging ferry, video
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rendsburger Hochbruecke.|
- F. Voss; J. Gährs (1 October 1913). "Die Eisenbahnhochbrücke über den Kaiser-Wilhelm-Kanal und die Eisenbahnverlegung bei Rendsburg" [The railway high level bridge across the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Canal and the relocation of railway lines at Rendsburg] (PDF). Zentralblatt der Bauverwaltung (in German). pp. 509–512. Archived from the original (PDF; 2.3MB) on 25 April 2012. Retrieved 10 November 2011.
- "Structurae: Rendsburg High Bridge (1913)". structurae.de. Retrieved 25 July 2010.
- Behling, Frank (2 November 2008). "Die Eiserne Lady" [The iron lady]. sueddeutsche.de (in German). Süddeutsche Zeitung. Retrieved 30 October 2011.
- "Transporter Bridge rammed by cargo ship Evert Prahm in Rendsburg, Germany". Marine Vessel Traffic. 8 January 2016. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
- "Untersuchung beginnt : Sechs Stunden Präzisionsarbeit". Schleswig-Holsteinischer Zeitungsverlag. 16 March 2016. Retrieved 16 March 2016.