Rene Ricard

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Rene Ricard
Ricard in 2009
Ricard in 2009
BornAlbert Napoleon Ricard
(1946-07-23)July 23, 1946
Boston, United States
DiedFebruary 1, 2014(2014-02-01) (aged 67)
New York City, United States
OccupationPoet, actor, art critic, painter

Rene Ricard (July 23, 1946 – February 1, 2014) was an American poet, actor, art critic, and painter.[1][2]

Life and career[edit]

Ricard was born in Boston and grew up near New Bedford in Acushnet, Massachusetts. As a young teenager he ran away to Boston and assimilated into the literary scene of the city. By age eighteen, he had moved to New York City, where he became a protégé of Andy Warhol. He appeared in the Warhol films Kitchen (1965), Chelsea Girls (1966), and The Andy Warhol Story (1966).

As a performer, Ricard was a founding participant in the Theater of the Ridiculous collaborating with John Vaccaro and Charles Ludlam. He also appeared in the 1980 Eric Mitchell independent film Underground U.S.A. (1980), as well as numerous other independent art and commercial films.

In the 1980s, he wrote a series of influential essays for Artforum magazine.[3] Having achieved stature in the art world by successfully launching the career of painter Julian Schnabel,[4] Ricard helped bring Jean-Michel Basquiat to fame.[5] In December 1981 he published the first major article on Basquiat, entitled "The Radiant Child," in Artforum.[6] Ricard also contributed art essays to numerous gallery and exhibition catalogs.

Ricard was immortalized by Jean-Michel Basquiat in the drawing entitled Untitled (Axe/Rene),[7] representing the tension that existed between the two.

Andy Warhol called Ricard "the George Sanders of the Lower East Side, the Rex Reed of the art world."[8]

From the mid-1960s Ricard contributed writings to numerous independent poetry magazines and anthologies. In 1979, the Dia Art Foundation published Ricard's first book of poems, an eponymous volume styled on Tiffany & Co. catalog. The fact that the turquoise-covered book of poems appears in photographs taken on the beach in The Ballad of Sexual Dependency by Nan Goldin illustrates its ubiquity as summer reading in 1979.

His second book of poetry, God With Revolver (Hanuman Books) was published ten years later, edited by Raymond Foye. The same year he contributed poems to Francesco Clemente: Sixteen Pastels (London: Anthony D'Offay). Ricard released two other volumes of poetry: Trusty Sarcophagus Co. (Inanout Press, 1990), which featured his poems rendered in paintings and drawings and was the basis of an exhibit at the Petersburg Gallery, New York City; and Love Poems (C U Z Editions, 1999) as a collaboration with artist Robert Hawkins who provided drawings for the book. Ricard also saw publication of single-poem works as limited edition artist books: Opera of the Worms with paintings by Judith Rifka (1984), Cecil (2004), and In Daddy's Hand with artist Rita Barros (2010).

Beginning in the late 1980s Ricard's poems were often rendered in paintings and drawings. His work was the subject of several solo gallery exhibitions in the United States and United Kingdom, as well as being represented in many group exhibitions.

In 2003, Percival Press published the full-color monograph Paintings & Drawings, illustrating a collection of visually rendered poems by Ricard. In 2004, Ricard created the album cover for Shadows Collide With People by musician John Frusciante.

Ricard was portrayed by Michael Wincott in Julian Schnabel's biographical film, Basquiat (1996). He lived at the famed Hotel Chelsea in New York City intermittently for 40 years.[9][10]


Ricard died on February 1, 2014 of cancer at Bellevue Hospital in New York City at the age of 67.[2]


Year Title Publisher Notes
1979 Rene Ricard 1979 - 1980 DIA Art Foundation Edited by Gerard Malanga
1989 Francesco Clemente Sixteen Pastels with Poems by Rene Ricard Anthony d'Offay Gallery, London Edited by Raymond Foye. Exhibition catalog reproducing leaves of a handmade book by Ricard titled Buried in a Crate.
1989 God With Revolver: Poems 1979 - 1982 Hanuman Books Published and edited by Raymond Foye and Francesco Clemente
1990 Trusty Sarchopagus Co. Inanout Press Designed and edited by Paola Igliori and Michele Zalopany. The book was prepared concurrent with an exhibition of Ricard's painting and visual works at the Peterburg Gallery in NYC. The edition juxtaposes the photographs of the paintings and drawings with transcriptions of the poems rendered within them.
1999 Love Poems CUZ Editions Drawings by Robert Hawkins / Edited by Richard Hell
2003 Paintings and Drawings Perceval Press Reproductions of Ricard's visual works produced over a twenty-year period.
2016 Rene Ricard Notebook 2010 - 2012 Morel Books Facsimile edition of one of Ricard's composition books containing poems, collages, drawings, diary and personal notes. Published posthumously.
2018 Rene Ricard 1979 - 1980 Éditions Lutanie Edited by Manon Lutanie and Rachel Valinsky. Bilingual volume (French/English).

Art reviews and essays[edit]

Year Title Publication Notes
1977 Hunt Slonem and Harrison Burns at Fishbach Art in America, Nov./Dec. 1977 Review
1978 Bill Sullivan at Kornblee Art in America, Sep./Oct. 1978 Review
1978 Patti Smith and Robert Mapplethorpe at Miller Art in America, Sep./Oct. 1978 Review
1979 Lynda Benglis at Paula Cooper Art in America, Jan./Feb. 1979 Review
1979 Julian Schnabel's Plate Painting at Mary Boone Art in America, Nov. 1979 Review
1979 The Benois Madonna at Konedler Art in America, Dec. 1979 Review
1979 Peter Hujar at Marcuse Pfeifer Art in America, Dec. 1979 Review
1981 Not About Julien Schnabel Artforum, Summer 1981 Picking up where the Art in America Schnabel review ended this essay, Ricard's first full length, established Julian Schnabel as the premier celebrity of the new-New York art scene.

Prior to publication of the issue, Ricard was so secretive about the subject of the essay that whenever asked who he was writing about he would reply, "Not about Julian Schnabel!", thus giving the title of the essay.

1981 The Radiant Child Artforum, Dec. 1981 Ricard's landmark essay defined the East Village gallery scene of the early 1980s. This essay is credited with launching the public career of Jean-Michel Basquiat, as well as naming Keith Haring's ubiquitous "crawling baby" character. In addition to Basquiat and Haring, the essay also highlights the work of Judy Rifka, John Ahern, Ronnie Cutrone, Izhar Patkin, Joe Zucker, and other artists showing at the numerous independent New York art exhibitions of the period.
1982 The Pledge of Allegiance Artforum, Nov. 1982 Art essay, East Village gallery scene
1982 About Julian Schnabel Julian Schnabel; Stedelijk Museum (Amsterdam) Catalog essay
1982 Julian Schnabel: The American Sublime Julian Schnabel; Stedelijk Museum (Amsterdam) Catalog essay
1982 The Greatest Show On Earth Judith Rifka; Brooke Alexander Gallery (New York City) Catalog essay
1984 Alex Katz Paints a Picture Alex Katz; Cooper Union (New York City) Introduction catalog essay for exhibition curated by Rene Ricard
1985 An Art of Regret Artforum, Summer 1985 Essay about the paintings of Brice Marden and Bill Rice
1986 An Ad for Felix Artforum, Sep. 1986 Essay about the paintings of Felix
1987 Nicolas A. Moufarrege Nicholas A. Moufarrege; The Institute for Art & Urban Resources / The Clocktower, 1987 Catalog essay for posthumous exhibition of Moufarrege's thread and pigment on needlepoint canvas paintings, originally written as a memorial / obituary published in 1985 by The Village Voice.
1989 Les Lecons des Tenebres William Rand; 56 Bleecker Street Gallery, New York City Catalog essay
1990 Zero Mass: The Art of Eric Orr Anders Tornberg Gallery & AB Propexus Catalog essay for artist Book by Eric Orr which also includes a multiple made of clay by James Lee Byars; front and back boards of blue steel; "The Matter of O," a rubber-stamped stain of Orr's blood; "Skull Page" made of handmade paper using Kozo fibers; and a powdered mummy skull with red screen printing.
1992 World Crown© Bodhisattua with Clenched Mudra Jean-Michel Basquiat; Whitney Museum of American Art, New York City Catalog essay for the first major museum retrospect of Basquiat's work following his untimely death.
1992 Golden Boy Vogue, Oct. 1992 Essay includes Ricard's personal reminiscence of Jean-Michele Basquiat and the New York City art scene of the early 1980s.
1997 Andy Warhol: Thirty Are Better Than One Andy Warhol; Tony Shafrazi Gallery, New York City Catalog essay
1997 No Dice: Recollections of Jack Smith Artforum, Oct. 1997 Art essay
1999 Pompeiian Styles III - IV and the Paintings of Philip Taaffe Philip Taaffe; Gagosian Gallery, New York City Catalog essay
1999 Studio Visit Francesco Clemente: A Portrait; Photos Luca Babini (Aperture pub.) Art essay
2000 Chronology Francesco Clemente; Guggenheim Museum, New York City Ricard drew upon his twenty-year relationship with Clemente to compose a uniquely personal and candid timeline of significant events, public and private, from the artist's life.
2002 The Profanation of Time Francesco Clemente; Jablonka Galerie, Cologne Catalog essay
2002 Zac Posen: 21 And Getting the Critics All Worked Up Interview, May 2002 Essay and interview with fashion designer Zac Posen
2002 On Ludlow Street Interview, August 2002 Magazine article
2002 Lola Schnabel: Remember Me Percival Press Art essay
2004 Genthara: Luigi Ontani Luigi Ontani; SMAK, Ghent Catalog essay
2008 The Poetry of Everyday Live Rita Barros; Galeria Pente 10, Lisbon Catalog essay
2009 Wall: Rita Barros Rita Barros; Casa de Cerca – Centro de Arte Contemporanea, Lisbon Catalog introduction
2012 Bob Recine: Alchemy of Beauty Freedman Damiani Catalog essay
2012 Art Brocante: The Sculpture of Arch Connelly Arch Connelly; La Mama Gallery, New York City Catalog essay
2015 Jean-Michel Basquiat Gagosian Gallery / Rizolli Catalog essay

Selected additional published works[edit]

Year Publication Title(s) Format Notes
1966 Aspen; Vol I, issue #6 The Stones Have Begun Making Me Sick Multi-format magazine Called "the magazine in a box", each issue of Aspen was a collection of various related publications. The Fab issue, designed by Andy Warhol and David Dalton, contained reproductions of paintings by Warhol, de Kooning, Johns, and others; a flex-disc by The Velvet Underground; a copy of The Exploding Plastic Inevitable newspaper, a flip book of the Jack Smith film Buzzards Over Baghdad and Warhol's Kiss; a Ten Trip Ticket Book printing excerpts from the Berkeley Conference on LSD, and more. For The Exploding Plastic Inevitable, Gerard Malanga contributed an essay on contemporary poetry featuring an otherwise unpublished poem by Ricard, The Stones Have Begun Making Me Sick.
1967 Angel Hair; issue #3 Oh, Visions of Aruthur and Party Crash Poetry magazine Independently published literary magazine; New York City. Oh was published as a part of Rene Ricard 1979 – 1980. Visions of Arthur later published in Extensions No. 4, 1970. All three poems were also included in The Angel Hair Anthology.
1968 The World; issue #8 assignment: Good Poem Poetry magazine The World, edited by Anne Waldman, was published by The Poetry Project at Saint Mark's Church, New York City. This poem does not appear in any other publication until its inclusion in Out Of This World anthology published in 1991.
1969 Roots Forming; issue #1 Poetry magazine Also includes works by Piero Heliczer, Gerard Malanga, Clark Coolidge, and others.
1970 The World Anthology Change Here for All Points Poetry anthology An anthology of poems from The Saint Mark's Poetry Project including works by Ted Berrigan, Lewis Warsh, John Ashbery, Allen Ginsberg, Peter Schjeldahl, Jonathan Kundra, Gerard Malanga, Ron Padgett, Joe Brainard, Dian DiPrima, Harris Schiff, FrankO'Hara, Sam Avrams and others, edited by Anne Waldman.
1970 Paris Review; summer 1970 Mannerism Literary journal Mannerism later published as part of Rene Ricard 1979 - 1980.
1970 exTensions; issue #4 Visions of Arthur Poetry magazine Independently published poetry journal; New York City. Other contributors in the issue included Vito Acconci, John Ashbery, Clark Coolidge, Jean Dubuffet, Barbara Guest, Piero Heliczer, Gerard Malanga
1974 Gay Sunshine; issue #24 The John in Sterling Gay rights journal Gay Sunshine: A Journal of Gay Liberation edited by Winston Leyland out of San Francisco, strongly counter-culture and anti-establishment. This issue features a series of humorous written dialogues collected by Ricard in 1971-72. Titled The John in Sterling, the dialogues are anonymous encounters from the men's room of the Sterling Library at Yale University, written on toilet paper and passed between the stall partitions. This is the only published appearance of this piece.
1977 Mag City; issue #3 On Being Called a Dilettante, Caravaggio and His Models and The Slaves of Michelangelo. Poetry magazine Mag City was an independent New York poetry magazine published by Gregory Masters, Michael Scholnick and Gary Lenhart from 1976 through 1982. All three of these poems would be published as part of Rene Ricard 1979 - 1980.
1978 New York Times I Class Up a Joint Op-Ed essay Humorous essay on the topic of work, written for Labor Day.
1978 Face of the Poet (Alex Katz, Brooke Alexander / Marlborough Graphics) I remember the little house in the woods Exhibition catalog Published catalog of a collection of ten aquatint portraits of poets by Alex Katz, each accompanied with a poem from the respective subjects. Ricard's portrait is paired with his poem I remember the little house in the woods. This poem was also included in "Rene Ricard 1979 – 1980".
1978 The 4 3 2 Review; issue #7 On the Tomb of WH Poetry magazine The 4 3 2 Review was an independent literary magazine published by Simon Schuchat, New York. Contribution of the poem On the Tomb of WH which also appears as a part of Rene Ricard 1979 – 1980.
1978 Little Caesar; issue #6 Poetry magazine This issue also includes Grace After A Meal, for John Wieners by John Berrigan, seven poems by John Wieners, as well as contributions by Dennis Cooper, the publisher, Robert Creeley, Gerard Malanga, Rene Ricard, Lita Hornick, among others.
1978 X magazine; vol. #3 "The Party Manifesto" Art & literature magazine Published by Collaborative Projects (Colab), NYC. The final issue of X Magazine, which continued the themes of violence and international terrorism from its predecessors – particularly the Baader-Meinhof group. A mix of pop borrowings and oblique critique, the issue includes "The Party Manifesto" by Rene Ricard, photographs of punk music stars Johnny Rotten and Anya Phillips by Jimmy de Sana, pseudoscientific charts of walking by Cara M. Brownell, photographs of a German war prostitute by Tina Lhotsky, Jean Genet defending the Baader-Meinhof gang, and a dialogue between Diego Cortez and a man who claimed to be a Baader-Meinhof member. The issue showed the deep mistrust by Colab members for how media outlets, from mainstream television to magazines, covered events and individuals associated with the underground and political opposition.
1979 Mag City; issue #6 WAKE*UP NEW YORK*ATTENTION Poetry magazine Contribution of the poem WAKE*UP NEW YORK*ATTENTION. This poem does not appear in any other publication.
1979 Mag City; issue #8 The Pledge of Allegiance Poetry magazine Magazine contribution of The Pledge of Allegiance. This poem later published as part of God With Revolver (1989), there dated 1969.
1979 Dodgems April 29 Poetry magazine Dodgems was an independently published magazine edited by Eileen Myles for Fido Productions, NYC published for a short period in 1979 - 1980. April 29 appears in Rene Ricard 1979 – 1980 under the name Sonnet.
1979 Little Caesar; issue #9 Poetry magazine Poetry magazine featuring Piero Heliczer; edited by Gerard Malanga with additional contributions by Robert Creeley, Ezra Pound, William Burroughs, Paul Metcalf, Louis Zukofsky, John Weiners, Charles Olson, Ira Cohen, Gregory Corso, Tom Raworth, Clark Coolidge, David Rattray, Anne Waldman, La Monte Young, Dennis Cooper and others.
1981 A.E.I.O.U. The Death of Johnny Stompananto Poetry magazine Magazine contribution, poem The Death of Johnny Stompanato (Italian translation). Johnny Stompanato was the boyfriend of Lana Turner who was shot and killed by Turner's daughter, Cheryl Crane, in 1958. Andy Warhol's 1965 film, More Milk Yevette (starring Mario Montez in drag as Lana Turener) was based on the same subject matter.
1983 Son of the Male Muse: New Gay Poetry Caravaggio and His Models and I was Born Poetry anthology Published by The Crossing Press, edited by Ian Young. Includes two poems by Ricard; Caravaggio and His Models and I was Born.
1984 Artforum; Nov. 1984 Caravaggio and His Models Art journal Ricard was a frequent contributor of essays to Artforum magazine, here publishing one of his poems.
1984 Opera of the Worms Limited edition folio Joe Fawbush Editions / Solo Press, 1984. Text by Ricard with illustrations by Judy Rifka. Published in a limited edition of eighty copies signed and numbered by Ricard and Rifka. Publication composed of 23 unbound lithos in a portfolio in slipcase.
1985 East Village Eye; vol. 7, issue #59 La Peste Newspaper Contribution of Rene Ricard's poem La Peste. The East Village Eye was described as a "community in print" incorporating news, nightclubs, art, film, music, and fashion.
1989 Parkett; issue #21 The Pledge of Allegiance Art and literary journal Contribution of the poem The Pledge of Allegiance. Due to an editorial error, only the first fifteen lines of the poem were presented.
1989 Parkett; issue #22 The Pledge of Allegiance Art and literary journal Magazine contribution of the poem The Pledge of Allegiance, presented in both English and a German translation along with the following note: "Because of a technical error, Rene Ricard's poem 'The Pledge of Allegiance' was not published in its complete form in our last issue. We would like to apologize to the author." The poem, composed in 1969, was also published as part of God With Revolver. Ricard used the same title for his essay about graffiti artists published by Artform magazine in 1982.
1989 Keith Haring: Eight Ball La Peste Artist's book Artist's book created on the occasion of Haring's 30th birthday and published by ArT Random. In Haring's own words, "It was constructed like a kind of game. First I went through drawers full of old mementos, newspaper clippings and drawings that I had saved and found ones that were particularly interesting to me. Then, they were randomly glued onto the 20 sheets of paper which measured to correspond to the side of a double-page spread in the book. After this, I pained the papers with red and green gouache. Finally, with black sumi ink, I 'finished' each of the drawings." Filling two pages of the book is Rene Ricard's poem La Peste, originally published in The East Village Eye. A single line of La Peste was published independently under the title Love in God With Revolver.
1990 The New Censorship The Pledge of Allegiance, God With Revolver and The Dog. Literary journal Self-described as "The Monthly Journal of the Next Savage State", this issue featured three Ricard poems, in addition to the poemFor Rene Ricard by Robert Creeley and a photograph of Ricard by Allen Ginsberg.
1990 Julian Schnabel Sculpture, Pace Gallery Imagination Exhibition catalog Catalog contribution of the poem Imagination, also published as part of Trusty Sarchphagus Co.,
1991 Lacanina Ink ; issue #3 Paintings: It's Small for a Shoe (1989), Poison (1990), and Mal de Fin (1990) Literary journal Illustrations of three of Ricard's paintings.
1991 Tema Celeste; issue #29 Painting: Poison (1990) Arts journal Magazine color reproduction of Ricard painting Poison (1990). The version of the painting featured is different from that published in Trusty Sarcophagus Co..
1991 Out Of This World: The Poetry Project at the St. Mark's Church-in-the-Bowery, An Anthology 1966-1991 Assignment: Good Poem Poetry anthology Crown Publishers. A comprehensive anthology of poetry published in The World, edited by Anne Waldman. Includes Ricard's assignment: Good Poem.
1992 Joe's, magazine, Issue #1 Painting Holy Smoke reproduced for the cover Art, photography, fashion & culture magazine Edited by stylist Joe McKenna
2001 The Angel Hair Anthology Oh, Visions of Arthur and Party Crash Poetry anthology Anthology presents material selected from the collection of Angel Hair magazine and books edited by Anne Waldman and Lewis Warsh between 1966 and 1978. Includes three poems by Rene Ricard: Oh, Visions of Arthur and Party Crash.
2004 Cecil Cecil Limited edition book Shivastan Publishing; Woodstock, NY / Kathmandu, Nepal. Poem by Ricard paired with traditional Nepali illustrations, printed in a limited edition of 250 copies on handmade paper. Also offered in a limited edition broadside print.
2010 Live Mag!; issue #8 The Years Like Days Poetry magazine Art and poetry magazine edited by Jeffrey Cyphers Wright.
2010 In Daddy's Hand In Daddy's Hand Limited edition book Rene Ricard & Rita Barros. Poem by Ricard paired with vintage photographs from the collection of Barros. Handmade artist's book, printed in a limited edition of 50 copies.
2012 Live Mag!; issue #9 Suicide Poetry magazine Art and poetry magazine edited by Jeffrey Cyphers Wright.
2012 Night and Day; David Armstrong Night and Day Artist's book Book of David Armstrong photographs, includes reproduction of handwritten poem and cover design by Ricard. Morel Books; edition of 1,000.

Solo exhibitions[edit]

Year Exhibition Gallery Notes
1990 Paintings 1989 – 1990 Petersburg Gallery, New York City
2003 Rene Ricard Paintings Cheim & Read, New York City
2008 What Every Young Sissy Should Know Scream Gallery, London Vito Schnabel presentation
2009 The Torturer's Apprentice Half Gallery, New York City
2011 Sonnnets from the Portugues Vito Schnabel Presents, New York City
2012 Go Mae West, Young Man Vito Schnabel Presents, Los Angeles
2012 New Paintings and Not So New Highlight Gallery, San Francisco Vito Schnabel presentation
2017 So, who left who? Half Gallery, New York City Posthumous retrospective of paintings and drawings
2019 But you love me... you said so Half Gallery, New York City Posthumous retrospective of paintings and drawings

Film performances[edit]

Year Title Director Format Notes
1965 Queen of the Night Gotta Box of Light Saul Levine 16 mm, black & white, silent, 4 minutes Starring Vivian Kurz, with Ivan Cohn, Andrew Meyer and Rene Ricard.

In this impressionistic portrait Kurz, Cohn, Meyer and Ricard are shown hanging out at Kurz's Cambridge apartment getting high. The theme centers around a light box made by Gert Stern and Andrew Meyer. Director Saul Levine is a widely respected filmmaker and considered to be a master of the 8 mm and 16 mm formats. He has been making films for four decades and is currently a professor of filmmaking at the Massachusetts College of Art and Design.[11]

1965 Kitchen Andy Warhol 16 mm, black & white, 66 minutes Theater of the Ridiculous playwright Ronald Tavel scripted this absurdist satire on the bourgeois household. The filming takes place in a real kitchen, with Edie Sedgwick and Roger Trudeau playing an unhappy married couple. The action is interrupted by various chaotic activities: the running of a blender which drowns out the dialogue, the continual sneezing of Sedgwick and her co-stars, the bustling activities of a house boy, played by Rene Ricard, and appearances by photographer David McCabe, who repeatedly strides onto the set to take pictures of the actors. At the end of the film, Sedgwick burns her finger and Warhol and his colleagues appear on camera.
1966 Screen Test: Rene Ricard Andy Warhol 16 mm, black & white, silent, 4 minutes Between 1964 and 1966 Andy Warhol pioneered a unique type of cinematic portraiture. In the screen tests, Warhol adopted a consistent, disarmingly straightforward approach in which each subject was asked to sit motionless before his stationary camera. Eerily compelling, these screen tests testify to the inexhaustible fascination with the human persona that fueled Warhol's portrait investigations in photography, painting, and film.
1966 Chelsea Girls Andy Warhol 16 mm, black & white, 195/210 minutes Warhol's most famous film, is a series of twelve uncut reels each depicting the goings-on in a different room of the Chelsea Hotel. The reels are projected side-by-side creating a fascinating split-screen effect. The first of Warhol's films to receive a commercial release. Directed, produced, and photographed by Andy Warhol; Written by Ronald Tavel and Andy Warhol; Music: The Velvet Underground; With: Ondine, International Velvet, Nico, Eric Emerson, Gerard Malanga, Rene Ricard, Mary Woronov, Brigid Polk, Ed Hood, Patrick Fleming, Pepper Davis, and Mario Montez.
1966 An Early Clue to a New Direction Andrew Meyer / Victor Hack 16 mm, black & white, 28 minutes Featuring Joy Bang, Prescott Townsend, Rene Ricard. Music by the Unidentified Flying Objects.

Award: First Prize, Ann Arbor Film Festival, 1967 / Exhibition: Int'l Festival of Short Films, London; Film Theatre, 1968 / Collection: British Film Institute

1966 Hall of Mirrors Walter Sonbert 16 mm, black & white/color, 7 minutes Warren Sonbert (1947 - 1995), an independent filmmaker renowned for his avant-garde, diarist style, began producing films in 1966. This film is an outgrowth of one of Sonbert's film classes at NYU in which he was given out takes from a 1947 Hollywood murder film photographed by Hal Mohr to re-edit into a narrative sequence. Adding to the footage, Sonbert filmed Rene Ricard at home and Gerard Malanga at a show of Lucas Samaras's 'Hall of Mirrors'.
1966 The Andy Warhol Story Andy Warhol 16 mm, black & white The notorious unreleased film in which both Ricard and Sedgwick viciously imitate Warhol. Notorious unreleased lost film in which both Ricard and Sedgwick viciously imitate Warhol.
1967 B.O.N.Y. (aka Boys of New York) Gregg Barrios 16 mm, black & white Cast: Gerard Malanga, Rene Ricard, Ivy Nicholson (Vogue model) and Leonard Cohen (singer).
1967 Joan of Arc Piero Heliczer Color withy sound on tape; 11 minutes Poet turned filmmaker, Piero Heliczer was among the most notable of underground directors of the mid '60s. In a cast that included Ira Cohen, Gerard Malanga, Jack Smith and Andy Warhol, Rene Ricard played the title role of Joan of Arc dressed as a 1950s French maid.
1967 **** (aka Four Stars) Andy Warhol 16 mm, 1500 minutes Warhol's ambitious follow-up to Chelsea Girls, **** [aka Four Stars] consisted of 94 color sound half-hour reels projected superimposed two at a time over a continuous span of 25 hours, shown only once in its entirety in December 1967. The cast consisted of all the Warhol superstar regulars: Alan Midgette, International Velvet, Edie Sedgwick, Christian Aaron Boulogne, Eric Emerson, Gerard Malanga, Nico, Ondine, Rona Page, Brigid Polk, Ingrid Superstar, Mary Woronov, Tiger Morse, Waldo Diaz Balart, Marcia Trinder, Johanna Lawrencon, Katrina Toland, Ultra Violet, Baby Jane Holzer, Rene Ricard, Ivy Nicholson, Rodney Kitzmiller, Roger Trudeau, Patrick Fleming, Ed Hood, Susan Pile, John Cale, Paul Morrisey, Ronnie Cutrone, Freddy Herko, Nick Cernovich, Ray Johnson, La Monte Young, Yvonne Rainer, Billy Name.
1968 Pre-Raphaelite Dream Gerard Malanga 16 mm Cast included: Loulou de la Falaise, International Velvet, John Weiners, Emma Malagna, Mario Anniballi, and Rene Ricard.
1973 An American Family Craig Gilbert Television documentary series An American Family, the 1973 cinema verité production that followed the lives of Bill and Pat Loud of Santa Barbara, Calif., and their five children: Michele, Delilah, Grant, Kevin and Lance. The 12 hour PBS series, a precursor to today's "reality" television shows, created a stir by documenting the troubles of one American family, bringing to hundreds of thousands of living rooms scenes of Bill and Pat Loud's crumbling marriage and Lance's evolving decision to declare openly he was gay. Rene Ricard makes appears in two episodes.
1978 Sleepless Nights Becky Johnston Super 8 mm; 49 minutes Written by Becky Johnson and Gary Indiana. Original score by John Lurie. Cast included: John Lurie, Eric Mitchell, Maripol, and Rene Ricard.
1979 Red Italy Eric Mitchell Black & white, 55 minutes Second feature film by director Eric Mitchell is a Bertolucci-style story of a bored, rich woman looking for romance and adventure. Cast includes Jennifer Miro, Patti Astor, Harold Vogl, Scott Wardell, Tom Wright, John Lurie, Arto Lindsay, Eric Mitchell, Rene Ricard, Gordon Stevenson, Johnny O'Kane, and James Nares. Rene Ricard plays a manipulative boyfriend in a scene with Jennifer Miro (filmed at the El Quixote restaurant in the Chelsea Hotel).
1980 Underground USA Eric Mitchell Color, 85 minutes "Street hustler Mitchell forces his way into the life of has-been movie star Astor. Rambling but fascinating; a sort of punk rock Sunset Boulevard". - Leonard Maltin

Cast: Patti Astor, Eric Mitchell, Rene Ricard, Tom Wright, Cookie Mueller, Jackie Curtis, Taylor Mead, Steven Meisel

1995 On Seventh Avenue Jeff Bleckner Television pilot, 97 minutes A fashion designer desperately attempts to rescue her father's apparel business, left in shambles by her brother. Rene Ricard in a role as a journalist. The NBC television network passed on developing the pilot into a series. Broadcast on NBC as a made-for-television movie in 1996.
1999 After the Fall Michele Civetta 16 mm, color, 10 minutes A father grieves over the loss of his wife after his indiscretions with a young girl. Rene Ricard plays the protagonist of the film and appears in every scene. Student film directed by Civetta while at New York University. Michele Civetta's later directing credits include an ambitious ad for Diesel Jeans and numerous music videos, including those for Lou Reed and Sparkle Horse.
2010 You Won't Miss Me Ry Russo-Young Color, 81 minutes A kaleidoscopic film portrait of Shelly Brown, a twenty-three-year-old alienated urban misfit recently released from a psychiatric hospital. Starring Stella Schnabel, featuring Rene Ricard and introducing other notable New York personalities.
2014 Asthma Jake Hoffman Color Directing debut by Jake Hoffman (son of Dustin Hoffman). Ricard plays an extravagantly over-the-top drug dealer named Juan.


Year Title Publisher Notes
1980 Sugar, Alcholol & Meat: The Dial-A-Poet Poems Giorno Poetry Systems A double L.P. album; includes readings by Kathy Acker, Miguel Algarin, Beth Anderson, John Ashbey, Barbara Barg, Regina Beck, Charles Bernstein, Ted Berrigan, William S. Burroughs, William S. Burroughs Jr., John Cage, Tom Carey, Charlotte Carter, Didi Susan Dubelyew, Cliff Fyman, Allen Ginsberg, John Giorno, Daniera Gioseff, Bernard Heidsiek, Peter Gordon, Bob Holman, Rochelle Kraut, Mitchelle Kreigman, Steve MaCaffery, Robin Messing, Charlie Morrow, Eileen Myles, The Nuyorican Poets, Miguel Pinero, Ron Padgett, Patti Smith, Gary Snyder, Ned Sublette, Paul Violi, Andrei Vosnesensky, Anne Waldman. Rene Ricard reads Rene Ricard Famous at 20, recorded at The Saint Mark's Church New Year's Benefit, Entermedia Theater, New York City on January 1, 1979; a version of which was published in Rene Ricard 1979 - 1980 as The Party Manifesto.
2001 "Give Me Your Hump!" The Unspeakable Terry Southern Record Koch Records A collection of pieces by literary satirist Terry Southern, best known as the co-author of Dr. Stranglove. Contains a recording (c. 1990) of Terry Southern, Allen Ginsberg and Rene Ricard reading from Flash & Filigree (The Critic; 11:27 minutes).


  1. ^ San Francisco Chronicle from Rolling Stone (February 1, 2014)
  2. ^ a b GalleristNY (February 1, 2014)
  3. ^ Weber, Bruce (February 6, 2014). "Rene Ricard, Art Arbiter With Wildean Wit, Dies at 67". The New York Times. Retrieved February 7, 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ Ricard, Rene. "Not about Julian Schnabel." Artforum, Summer 1981.
  5. ^ Carlo McCormick, The Downtown Book: The New York Art Scene, 1974–1984, Princeton University Press, 2006
  6. ^ Ricard, Rene (December 1981). "The Radiant Child. Artforum". Missing or empty |url= (help) (text published online at Archived December 28, 2008, at the Wayback Machine)
  7. ^ "Rene Ricard / Axe by Jean-Michel Basquiat". Curiator. Retrieved February 26, 2018.
  8. ^ Warhol, Andy; Hackett, Pat (ed.). The Andy Warhol Diaries. New York: Warner Books, 1989. Saturday, January 28, 1984 entry, page 551.
  9. ^ Levy, Ariel 'New York Storeys' The Sunday Times Magazine, March 25, 2007, pp. 40-51. p. 47
  10. ^ Ed Hamilton (2010). Legends of the Chelsea Hotel: Living with the Artists and Outlaws in New York's Rebel Mecca. Da Capo Press. pp. 286–. ISBN 978-0-306-82000-7.
  11. ^

External links[edit]