Renewable energy in Greece

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Renewable energy in Greece accounted for 8% of the country's total energy consumption in 2008.[1] 12% of Greece's electricity comes from Hydroelectric power plants.[2] In 2015, renewable energy counted for more than 20% of the energy produced in Greece;[3] this excludes energy produced by hydroelectric means, which accounts for more than 8%[4]

In August 2016, a new renewable energy law was approved that aims to further stimulate renewable energy investments by introducing feed-in premiums, competitive tenders, and virtual net metering.[5] Under the new law, the compensation for renewable energy producers will consist of what they receive in the electricity market plus a variable feed-in premium. The latter is the difference between a price depending on market variables (e.g., the system’s marginal price) and a set price decided via a competitive tender.[5] Furthermore, from the beginning of 2017, the new scheme to approve new renewable energy capacity is based on competitive tenders, where the Energy Minister is able to call on a tender for specific capacities and technologies.[5]

Wind power[edit]

Wind power was due to expand[when?] by 352% by 2010 to meet the European target of 20% coverage of energy needs from renewable sources. Previously,[when?] there were 1,028 wind turbines installed throughout Greece and the number was set to reach 2,587 wind turbines before the end of 2010.[6]

According to the Ministry of Environment and Public Works, the system would have a nameplate capacity of 3,372 MW of power from wind alone[when?] compared to 746 MW at the end of 2006.[7] Greece chose to invest primarily to wind power by 77%, while the rest of renewable sources altogether comprise the remaining 23% of production with hydroelectric power being second with 11%.[8][9]

Wind power capacity in Greece (MW)[10][11]
1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
39 112 189 272 297 383 473 573 746 871 985 1,087 1,208 1,634 1,749 1,865 1,980 2,135 2,374 2,651

Solar power[edit]

Photovoltaic solar tracker in Lixouri
Solar insolation in Greece

The solar energy development in Greece started in 2006 and increased substantially from 2009 because of the high feed-in tariffs introduced and the corresponding regulations for domestic applications of PVs on rooftops.[citation needed] However this mechanism overheated the market creating a big deficit of more than 500 million euros in the Greek "Operator of Electricity Market".[citation needed]

From August 2012 new regulations have been introduced including a temporary tax imposed to all operating PV plants (excluding residential applications), licensing of new PV projects have been put on halt and the feed-in tariffs were drastically reduced.[12]

As of December 2013, the total installed photovoltaic capacity in Greece reached 2,419.2 MWp [13] of which 987.2 MWp were installed in the period between January–September 2013 despite the financial crisis.[14] Greece ranks 5th worldwide with regard to per capita installed PV capacity. It is expected that PV produced energy will cover up to 7% of the country's electricity demand in 2014.[15]

PV in Greece
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Total capacity (MWpeak)[16][17][18] 5 7 9 19 55 205 631 1,543 2,585 2,603 2,613
Watt/capita[18] 55.8 136.7 233.7 236.8 241.7

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption %". Eurostat. 2008. Retrieved 24 October 2011.
  2. ^ "Energy". Invest in Greece Agency. Retrieved 26 October 2011.
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ [2]
  5. ^ a b c Ilias Tsagas (2016-08-17). "Greece Approves New Renewable Energy Law". Renewable Energy World. Retrieved 2017-06-03.
  6. ^ Greece commits for 2,587 wind turbines
  7. ^ Rising to the Challenge:the growth of wind power generation in Greece
  8. ^ Greek Ministry of Environment Archived 2014-11-28 at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ Greece Renewable Energy - Europa Fact Sheet Archived 2012-10-23 at the Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ EWEA Staff (2010). "Cumulative installed capacity per EU Member State 1998 - 2009 (MW)". European Wind Energy Association. Retrieved 2010-05-22.
  11. ^ EWEA Staff. "European statistics archive". European Wind Energy Association. Retrieved 2017-06-03.
  12. ^ HELAPCO: The Greek PV Market
  13. ^ LAGIE: DAS Monthly Reports
  14. ^ HELAPCO: Total installed capacity January-September 2013
  15. ^ HELAPCO: The Greek PV market
  16. ^ Photovoltaic energy barometer 2007 – EurObserv’ER[permanent dead link] Systèmes solaires Le journal des énergies renouvelables n° 178, p. 49-70, 4/2007
  17. ^ Photovoltaic energy barometer 2009 – EurObserv’ER[permanent dead link] Systèmes solaires Le journal des énergies renouvelables n° 190, p. 72-102, 3/2009
  18. ^ a b Photovoltaic energy barometer 2010-2016 – EurObserv’ER