Renewable energy in Turkey

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Turkey is one of the richest country in the world in terms of renewable resources.[1] For geothermal energy Turkey is ranked first in Europe and seventh in the world. Installed capacity of wind energy in Turkey is increasing rapidly from 20MW in 2002 to 4503MW in 2015.[1] Turkey has a national renewable energy action plan, published in 2014 by the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources.[2]

Turkey's renewable energy capacity of 24 gigawatts in 2013 is projected to reach 39 gigawatts in 2020.[3] The World Bank has announced a credit line of $350 million to support the financing of renewable energy projects in Turkey.[4]

Solar energy[edit]

The projected solar energy capacity by ETKB .[5]
Year 2015 2017 2019 2023
MW 300 1,800 3,000 5,000

Solar energy potential in Turkey is 977,000 (TWh/year) from which 6105 (TWh/year) is technically possible. However due to the high price of the solar energy only 305 (TWh/year) is economic potential.Wind energy technical potential is 290 TWh/year. Grid parity for solar is forecast for 2018[6]

Wind power[edit]

Intalled Capacity, Turkish Wind Energy Association[7]
Year 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
MW 146 364 792 1,329 1,806 2,312 2,958 3,762 4,718 6,108

According to another industry source the total installed power reached 5.789 GW by year end 2016 and the percentage of electricity consumption provided by wind power grew from under 1%, in 2009 to 5.59% by 2016 and is forecast to reach 12% of electricity consumption with the completion of planned faciltiies.[8] Grid parity for onshore wind is forecast for 2019.[6]

Bio Energy[edit]

Biomass is also one of the major resources for the renewable energy in Turkey, yearly biomass economical potential of the Turkeyis 8.6 mtoe/year.[1]

Hydroelectricity[edit]

Many dams have been built throughout the country, and about 23GW of power can be generated by hydroelectric plants.[9] There are many projects currently in progress, such as the Southeastern Anatolia Project, which will allow generation of 15GW through hydroelectric energy.[10] Technical potential of hydraulic energy is 216 TWh/year and economical potential is 127.4 TWh/year.[1]

Geothermal power in Turkey[edit]

Turkey is ranked seventh richest country in the world in geothermal potential.[11] Turkey reaches milestone 1,100 MW of installed geothermal power generation capacity in December 2017. Turkey is fourth largest in the world in 2018 when it comes to installed capacity after United States.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d DAWOOD, KAMRAN (2016). "Hybrid wind-solar reliable solution for Turkey to meet electric demand". Balkan Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering. 4 (2): 62–66. doi:10.17694/bajece.06954.2016.09.01. 
  2. ^ "Turkey National Renewable Energy Action Plan" (PDF). Retrieved 6 May 2015. 
  3. ^ "TURKEY INVESTS IN RENEWABLE ENERGY". Daily Sabah. 
  4. ^ "World Bank approves $350 million for Turkey's renewable energy". Hurriyet Daily News. 
  5. ^ "PVPS Annual Report 2015, p109". 
  6. ^ a b "Solar to beat wind to wholesale grid parity in Europe - report". pvtech. 
  7. ^ "Turkish Wind Energy Association, Statistical Report, July 2017" (PDF). 
  8. ^ "Rüzgar Enerji Santralleri". Enerji Atlası (in Turkish). Retrieved 2017-12-01. 
  9. ^ "Turkey country profile". International Hydropower Association. Retrieved 2 March 2015. 
  10. ^ "Reaching for Turkey's Hydropower Summit". Hydroworld. Retrieved 2 March 2015. 
  11. ^ DAWOOD, KAMRAN (2016). "Hybrid wind-solar reliable solution for Turkey to meet electric demand". Balkan Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering. 4 (2): 62–66. doi:10.17694/bajece.06954.2016.09.01. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Renewable energy in Turkey at Wikimedia Commons