Renewable energy in Ukraine

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In Ukraine, the share of renewables within the total energy mix is still very small, but is growing fast. Total installed capacity of renewable energy installations more than doubled in 2011 and as of 2012 stands at 397 MW.[1] In 2011 several large solar power stations were opened in Ukraine, among them Europe's largest solar park in Perovo, (Crimea).[2] Ukrainian State Agency for Energy Efficiency and Conservation forecasts that combined installed capacity of wind and solar power plants in Ukraine could increase by another 600 MW in 2012.[3] According to Macquarie Research, by 2016 Ukraine will construct and commission new solar power stations with a total capacity of 1.8 GW, almost equivalent to the capacity of two nuclear reactors.[4]

The Economic Bank for Reconstruction and Development estimates that Ukraine has great renewable energy potential: the technical potential for wind energy is estimated at 40 TWh/year, small hydropower stations at 8.3 TWh/year, biomass at 120 TWh/year, and solar energy at 50 TWh/year.[5] In 2011, Ukraine's Energy Ministry predicted that the installed capacity of generation from alternative and renewable energy sources would increase to 9% (about 6 GW) of the total electricity production in the country.[6]

It is envisaged to increase the share of renewable energy in the total balance of installed capacities to the level of about 20 percent by 2020, which in the baseline scenario is 12.1 GW (including large hydroelectric power plants), and the volume of electricity production is 25 TWh.[7]

History[edit]

Renewable energy capacities (MW)[8][9][10]
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018[a] 2019 2020
Wind 87 151 194 334 426 426 438 465 522
Solar 3 191 326 616 411 432 531 742 1097
households SPP - - - - 0,1 2 17 51 121
Hydropower 5400,2 5400,2 5400,2 5724,2 5724,2 6048,2
Small hydropower plants of Ukraine [uk] 73 75 80 87 90 95 96
Biomass 6 17 35 35 39 39 44
Biogas 0 7 14 17 20 34 41
Introduction of new
capacities
537 281 32 136 291 499
Installed
capacity
1181 967 999 1135 1426 1925
Percentage of
generation
  • 87,8 MW WPP, 407,9 MW SPP - is in the occupied territory of the Crimea[8] 138 MW WPP in occupied part of Donbas.

At the end of the first half of 2014, the total electrical capacity of renewable energy facilities operating in the green tariff in Ukraine amounted to 1419 MW, of which the total capacity of wind farms is 497 MW, solar power stations - 819 MW, small hydropower plants - 77 MW, of electricity generation from biomass and biogas - 26 MW. Installed capacity of facilities producing thermal energy from renewable energy sources exceeded 1070 MW.[7]


In 2017, the total capacity of renewable energy facilities increased by more than 10% - up to 1.5 GW.[11] For the whole 2017, the growth of the "green" generation was 260 MW.

In 2017 Climate News Network reported that Chinese companies plan to spend $1bn in a solar power park in the nuclear disaster area in Ukraine.[12]

According to NKREKP, for the 9 months of the 2018, an additional 430 MW of power plants producing electricity from solar energy, wind, biomass, and small hydroelectric power plants were introduced. 83% of growth is SPP, 13% - WPP, 4% - biomass power plants.[13] The share of renewable energy in the total electricity generation in Ukraine is 1.8%, and the share in value is 8.3%.[14]

Solar energy[edit]

Wind power[edit]

Bio Energy[edit]

Geothermal power[edit]

Hydroelectricity[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ data for 9 months

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Відновлювана енергетика України стрімко зростає, але досі має мізерну частку | Зелена Хвиля". Ecoclubua.com. 29 July 2012. Retrieved 25 August 2012.
  2. ^ Roca, Marc (29 December 2011). "Europe's Biggest Solar Park Completed With Russian Bank Debt". Bloomberg.
  3. ^ "Ukraine could boost alternative energy capacity by 600 MW in 2012". SteelGuru. 1 February 2012. Archived from the original on 2014-01-08. Retrieved 8 January 2014.
  4. ^ Katya Gorchinskaya (12 June 1997). "Small business bearing the brunt of corruption". Kyiv Post. Retrieved 25 August 2012.
  5. ^ Rachkevych, Mark (2 February 2012). "Ukraine only starting to harness potential of renewable energy". Kyiv Post. Archived from the original on 9 May 2012. Retrieved 8 January 2014.
  6. ^ "9% of electricity will be received from renewable sources in 2030". Ukrinform.ua. 27 March 2012. Archived from the original on 2012-11-14. Retrieved 25 August 2012.
  7. ^ a b Про Національний план дій з відновлюваної енергетики на період до 2020 року
  8. ^ a b "Інформація щодо потужності та обсягів виробництва електроенергії об'єктами відновлюваної електроенергетики, які працюють за «зеленим» тарифом (станом на 01.01.2017)" (PDF). saee.gov.ua. Держенергоефективності. 2017-01-01. Retrieved 2018-12-06.
  9. ^ "Потужності відновлюваної електроенергетики у 2017 році зросли у два рази". uprom.info. National Industrial Portal. 2018-01-27. Retrieved 2018-01-28.
  10. ^ "Інформація щодо потужності та обсягів виробництва електроенергії об'єктами відновлюваної електроенергетики, яким встановлено «зелений» тариф (станом на 30.06.2018)" (PDF). saee.gov.ua. Держенергоефективності. 2018-12-07. Retrieved 2018-12-07.
  11. ^ "В Україні зросла частка відновлюваної енергетики - голова НКРЕКП". www.ukrinform.ua. Ukrinform. 2018-03-27. Retrieved 2018-11-30.
  12. ^ Solar power to rise from Chernobyl's nuclear ashes Guardian 12 January 2017
  13. ^ "Протягом перших трьох кварталів 2018 року в Україні додатково введено 430 МВт". uprom.info. National Industrial Portal. 2018-11-29. Retrieved 2018-11-30.
  14. ^ "В Україні зросла частка відновлюваної енергетики". rener.com.ua. Rener. 2018-10-03. Retrieved 2018-12-03.