Renix (Renix Electronique) was a joint venture by Renault and Bendix that designed and manufactured automobile electronic ignitions, fuel injection systems, electronic automatic transmission controls, and various engine sensors. Major applications included various Renault and Volvo vehicles. The name became synonymous in the U.S. with the computer and fuel injection system used on the AMC/Jeep 2.5 L I4 and 4.0 L I6 engines.
Use of name
The term Renix also has a number of applications. In certain carburetor equipped Renault and Volvo models, it provides an electronic ignition system, consisting of an engine control unit (ECU) to replace the job of contact breaker points in the distributor. The system uses an angle sensor and a number of fuel sensors to provide a maintenance-free ignition system. The ECU is sealed and cannot be serviced, and the EPROM cannot be re-programmed.
Later, the name was synonymous with a form of fuel injection. In such an application, it consisted of an ECU and a number of sensors. It was first seen in engines produced by Renault (Renault 21, 25, and Espace) in 2.0 L (122 cu in) and 2.2 L (134 cu in) capacities. It is better known in America for its application in the AMC 4.0 L displacing 3,960 cc (242 cu in) straight-6 engines. Production began by American Motors (AMC) with the 1987 Jeep Cherokee (XJ) models. It was preceded by the AMC Computerized Engine Control, and followed by Chrysler's Mopar MPI system.
Renix Electronique S.A., was established in 1981 as a joint venture by Renault with 51% interest and Bendix with 49% that was headquartered in Toulouse. Renix Corporation of America was the North American subsidiary of Renix Electronique to provide sales, logistics, engineering, and quality support to American Motors.
When Renault encountered financial troubles in 1985, it sold its interest in Renix to AlliedSignal, a major auto industry supplier and the new owner of Bendix. Renix Corporation of America was also absorbed by AlliedSignal Corporation when it purchased Renix Electronique from Renault. The US$200 million Allied buyout of Renault's 51% of Renix made it part of Bendix Electronics and Engine Controls. Renix products are produced in France and marketed worldwide under the Bendix brand name. In 1988, the French Bendix site was sold to Siemens VDO. In 2008, Siemens AG sold its VDO branch to Continental automotive group.
The Renix system was used in the J series engines as fitted to the Renault 19 16V, Renault 21 and Savanna/Nevada, the Renault 25, and the Renault Espace. It was a multi-point fuel injection system, as opposed to a single-point system, with a number of air, throttle and pinking sensors, and an advanced computer. Application of the system could first be seen in 1984, three years before its American debut. The Renix system pushed the power of the carburetor-fed 1,995 cc (122 cu in) engine from 104–120 bhp (78–89 kW). It could also be found in 2.2 L engines fitted to R21, 25, and Espace models.
AMC-Renault uses a fully integrated electronic engine control system made by Renix The Renix electronic ignition system consists of a solid-state Ignition Control Module (ICM), a distributor, a crankshaft position sensor, and an Electronic Control Unit (ECU). The Renix ECU has a powerful microprocessor that was advanced technology for its time. It also incorporates an engine knocking sensor that allows the computer to know if detonation is occurring, thus allowing the computer to make adaptive control by individual cylinder corrections to prevent pinging. The knock detection uses the signal from a wide band accelerometer mounted on the cylinder head. Good signal to noise ratio is obtained primarily through angular discrimination.
The Renix system has more inputs than the later Mopar system and in some ways is more complex. Its knock sensor automatically tunes the spark advance curve to an optimum mix for each cylinder. Some Renix controlled engines will actually get better fuel economy using higher octane fuel. The system on the AMC 4.0 L is flexible allowing the use of a modified[clarification needed] camshafts and modifications to the cylinder heads without significant changes to the base computer.
The Renix computer was first used on 1986 AMC 2.5 L four-cylinder engines. The system improved the drivability of the Jeep Cherokee and Comanche over carbureted models. The power increase was also noticeable. The Renix system was used through the 1990 model year. Unfortunately, it is handicapped because few scan tools can be "plugged in" to this on-board diagnostics computer. The Renix control system prior to 1991 can be tested only with Chrysler's DRB tester, and the diagnostic test modes for 1989 and later engines with SBEC controllers differ from those provided for 1988 and earlier models.
- Model years:
- 1986 - Renix TBI available on Jeep 2.5 L four-cylinder engines.
- 1987 - the new Renix controlled 4.0 L six-cylinder engine was rated at 173 hp (129 kW; 175 PS) and 220 lb⋅ft (298 N⋅m) of torque.
- 1988 - 4.0 L output increased to 177 hp (132 kW; 179 PS) and 224 lb⋅ft (304 N⋅m) of torque, due to higher compression ratio.
- 1989 - Changed to Renix MPFI.
- 1991 - Chrysler Corporation (then the owners of the Jeep brand replaced the Renix control system with OBD-I-compliant control electronics, the Chrysler HO EFI).
The Renix control system was only found on the 1987-1990 Jeep Cherokee and Comanche with AMC-designed engines (the control setup used with the 2.8 L (171 cu in) V6 was OBD-I General Motors, and the early Diesel was a 2.1 L (128 cu in) Renault turbodiesel I4 that used its own specific control setup.)
The Jeep Wrangler (YJ) did not get the AMC 4.0 engine until 1991, when it was accompanied by Chrysler-designed electronics as well. Until then, it retained the AMC 258 cu in (4.2 L) engine with a carburetor. No other Jeep vehicle was equipped with Renix electronic controls.
In a typical Jeep application, the ignition control module (ICM) is located in engine compartment. It consists of a solid-state ignition circuit, as well as an integrated ignition coil that can be removed and serviced separately. Electronic signals from the ECU to the ICM determine the amount of ignition timing or retard needed to meet engine power requirements. The ECU provides an input signal to the ICM. The ICM has outputs for a tach signal to the tachometer and a high voltage signal from the coil to the distributor. The crankshaft position sensor senses TDC (Top Dead Center) and BDC crankshaft positions, as well as engine rpm. This sensor is secured by special shouldered bolts to flywheel/drive plate housing and is not adjustable.
The Renix control system is "pre-OBD" and therefore does not have a "Check Engine Lamp". It also does not "store" or "throw" Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) or "Parameter IDs" (PIDs). This is a common problem at vehicle inspection, particularly in California and other jurisdictions with emission standards. Most inspection stations are not aware and will try to explain the CEL/MIL "doesn't work".
In the 1980s, Skoda manufactured a small number of rear-engined cars with Renix fuel injection. These were originally destined for Canada but ended up in Europe. These are usually known as 135 GLi or 135 RiC. Fuel system parts may be available from Chrysler-Jeep dealers.
The Volvo 700 Series and some of the Volvo 300 Series used a B200K 2.0 L inline-4 naturally aspirated engine with Renix ignition and some 300 series Volvos with Renault powerplants. The 300 Volvo series is not known U.S. It was manufactured in the Netherlands (with a limited production of cars in Malaysia through CKD process).
All 300 series Volvo cars with gasoline engines came with Renix/Bendix ignition 1983 onwards until 1991 when production of the 300 series stopped.
Volvo "Redblock" engines equipped with Renix ignition:
- B200K 1986 cc 100–101 hp (75–75 kW) Solex Cisac Z34 twin barrel carburetor 1985-1989
- B200E 1986 cc 111–115 hp (83–86 kW) Bosch LE-jetronic injected unit 1985-1989
- B200F 1986 cc 108 hp (81 kW; 109 PS) Bosch LU-jetronic injected and catalyzed engine 1987-1990
Renault derived units with Renix ignition:
- B18E(D) 1721 cc OHC engines in 400 series 1986-1988
- B172K 1721 cc OHC 78–81 hp (58–60 kW) Solex Cisaz Z32 twin barrel carburetor 1986-1989
- B14.4E/S 1397 cc OHV 72 hp (54 kW; 73 PS) Weber 32DIR twin barrel carburetor 1985-1991
- B14.3E/S 1397 cc OHV 64 hp (48 kW; 65 PS) single barrel Solex carburetor version 1983-1985
- B13.4E 1289 cc OHV 64 hp (48 kW; 65 PS) Weber 32DIR twin barrel carburetor unit aimed for the Finnish market (where 1.3 L was a tax-class) 1989-1991
B172K and B18 were based on the Renault FnN (n being 1, 2 or 3) engines from Renault, B14.x based on Renault C1J, both types were modified for Volvo to varying extent.
- "Ward's Auto World". 17. Ward's Communications. 1981: 25. Cite journal requires
- "Renault to Sell Stake in Renix". The New York Times. Associated Press. 26 June 1985. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- "Allied to buyout [sic] Renix electronics unit". Fleet Owner. 80: 430. 1985. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- "Bendix to buy out Renault". Commercial Motor. 27 July 1985. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- "Innovation. Siemens VDO vendu devient Continental". 4 January 2008. Cite journal requires
- Robson, Graham; Bonds, Ray (2002). The Illustrated Directory of Sports Cars. BMI Publishers. p. 420. ISBN 9780760314203. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- Beasley, Kirk. "AMC 258 I6". offroaders. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- Strawbridge, Mike (16 October 2009). "Jeep Cherokee Troubleshooting – Fuel Economy". Mike Strawbridge Performance Improvement Ideas. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- Tellem, Tori (April 2006). "Jeeps Kick Ass Engine - The History Of The 4.0L". JP Magazine. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- Dupuy, Richard K. (1994). Automotive Electrical and Electronic Systems. HarperCollins/Chek-Chart Automotive Series (Third ed.). Harperinformation. p. 280. ISBN 9780065007596. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- Stern, Peter. "The Jeep 4.0 liter PowerTech Straight-Six Engine". allpar.com. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- "300 Series - Function and checking of the RENIX unit". Volvo Community Forums. Archived from the original on 8 March 2012. Retrieved 30 October 2011.
- Boccadoro, V.; Kizer, T. (1984). Adaptive spark control with knock detection. Warrendale, PA: Society of Automotive Engineers. OSTI 5702572.
- Freeman, Kerry A. (1987). Chilton's guide to emission diagnosis, tune-up and vacuum diagrams, 1984-87 domestic cars. Chilton. pp. 390–490. ISBN 9780801977565. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- Mitchell's Electronic Fuel Injection Troubleshooting Guide: Domestic Vehicles (chapter contents include AMC/Jeep; AMC; AMC/RENIX; AMC/RENIX II). Mitchell International. 1991. ISBN 978-1-55561-032-6.
- "The Jeep 4.0 liter PowerTech Straight-Six Engine". Allpar. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- "RENIX". autos.groups.yahoo. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- Giordano, Eric. "Basic RENIX / non-HO Engine Sensor Diagnostics". lunghd.com. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- Attardo, Joe (2002). "Performance gains for your early 4.0". rockmodified. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- Layne, Ken (1993). Automotive Engine Performance: Tuneup, Testing, and Service. Regents/Prentice Hall. p. 490. ISBN 9780130597755. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- "Cruiser's Renix Tips". Domanche Club. 7 December 2012. Archived from the original on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 15 May 2015.