Renmark, South Australia

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Renmark
South Australia
Renmarkview.jpg
A view of Renmark from the Murray River
Renmark is located in South Australia
Renmark
Renmark
Coordinates 34°10′0″S 140°44′0″E / 34.16667°S 140.73333°E / -34.16667; 140.73333Coordinates: 34°10′0″S 140°44′0″E / 34.16667°S 140.73333°E / -34.16667; 140.73333
Population 7,491 (2011 census)[1]
Established 1904
Postcode(s) 5341
Elevation 31 m (102 ft)
Location
LGA(s) District Council of Renmark Paringa
State electorate(s) Chaffey
Federal Division(s) Barker
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
24.8 °C
77 °F
9.6 °C
49 °F
243.7 mm
9.6 in

Renmark is a town in South Australia's rural Riverland area, and is located 254 km northeast of Adelaide, on the banks of the River Murray. The Sturt Highway between Adelaide and Sydney runs through the town; Renmark is the last major town encountered in South Australia when driving this route. It is 31 m above sea level. It is the oldest European settlement on the River Murray.[citation needed] At the 2011 census, Renmark had a population of 7,491.[1]

History[edit]

It has been suggested that the name Renmark refers to an Aboriginal word meaning "Red Mud" - the original inhabitants of the area were the Naralte tribe. Alternatively, it could be derived from "Bookmark" (later Calperum), the station founded by the Chambers brothers, from which 20,000 acres was excised for the town and irrigation project.[2] The first unambiguous use of the name (as "Renmark Flat") in newspapers was in October 1888.[3]

Captain Charles Sturt was the first European to pass though the area in January 1830, as he navigated the length of the Murray from the Great Dividing Range, eventually reaching Lake Alexandrina.

A settlement began to grow in 1887, when the Renmark Irrigation Settlement was established by George and William Chaffey, who created a system of open drains using water from the Murray, to allow orchards to be planted in the area. By pumping water onto the hot red sand they transformed it into a fruit growing area similar to California. Renmark was proclaimed a town in 1904 and a municipality in 1935.

Bush poet and soldier Breaker Morant worked locally, at J. F. Cudmore's Paringa Station in the 1890s, before serving in the Boer War.

The Renmark Hotel was the first community-owned hotel in the British Empire and became the town's major landmark.

Renmark is famous among Australian youth for being the closest town to the vineyard on which the concept of box wine or goon was invented in 1965.

Renmark was connected by rail on 31 January 1927.[4]

Heritage listings[edit]

Renmark has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Climate[edit]

Renmark is surrounded by mallee scrub. Renmark is situated in a grassland location, above Goyder's Line, with hot dry summers and cool winters. Under Köppen climate classification, Renmark has a semi-arid climate (BSk) with seasonal temperatures a few degrees above Adelaide's temperatures, although it has many more frosts in winter. Average rainfall of Renmark is 243.7 millimetres (9.59 in), falling evenly throughout the year, as thunderstorms in summer, or with cold fronts in winter, and a combination of the two in spring and autumn. Record temperatures have ranged from 48.2 °C (118.0 °F) during the February 2009 heatwave to -6.1 °C (21.0 °F)

Climate data for Renmark (1995-2013)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 47.1
(116.8)
48.2
(118.8)
41.9
(107.4)
38.2
(100.8)
29.9
(85.8)
25.8
(78.4)
26.0
(78.8)
32.2
(90)
37.6
(99.7)
41.7
(107.1)
44.6
(112.3)
46.3
(115.3)
48.2
(118.8)
Average high °C (°F) 33.6
(92.5)
32.7
(90.9)
28.7
(83.7)
24.5
(76.1)
20.0
(68)
16.8
(62.2)
16.2
(61.2)
18.6
(65.5)
22.0
(71.6)
24.8
(76.6)
28.9
(84)
31.0
(87.8)
24.8
(76.6)
Average low °C (°F) 16.2
(61.2)
16.2
(61.2)
12.7
(54.9)
8.8
(47.8)
6.4
(43.5)
4.6
(40.3)
3.7
(38.7)
4.5
(40.1)
6.7
(44.1)
8.9
(48)
12.5
(54.5)
14.1
(57.4)
9.6
(49.3)
Record low °C (°F) 6.3
(43.3)
6.8
(44.2)
4.2
(39.6)
−1.6
(29.1)
−4.1
(24.6)
−6.1
(21)
−5.4
(22.3)
−5.2
(22.6)
−3.7
(25.3)
0.8
(33.4)
2.3
(36.1)
4.2
(39.6)
−6.1
(21)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 18.1
(0.713)
20.0
(0.787)
13.7
(0.539)
16.2
(0.638)
14.8
(0.583)
21.3
(0.839)
20.9
(0.823)
21.9
(0.862)
23.7
(0.933)
27.0
(1.063)
22.8
(0.898)
23.3
(0.917)
243.7
(9.595)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2mm) 2.8 3.3 3.4 4.3 6.8 9.6 9.6 8.9 7.7 6.7 5.8 4.9 73.8
Source: Bureau of Meteorology[10]

Renmark today[edit]

Renmark is a multicultural centre for the Riverland area. It consists of elegant wide streets. The river itself offers excellent spots for fishing, waterskiing and boating.

The area is known for the cultivation of grapes, citrus fruits, tomatoes, vegetables, wheat and wool. Orange trees stretch for hectares as do vineyards and stone fruit orchards. Other industries include almond growing and pistachio nut cultivation.

Renmark is also home to the region's only restored paddle steamer, wine companies and the rose industry. Renmark hosts the Renmark Rose Festival every October.

Renmark contains a new, modern shopping complex, camping grounds, and a 380 metres (420 yd) dirt oval speedway known as the Riverland Speedway.

Governance[edit]

Renmark is within the federal electoral district of Barker which is named after South Australian and Northern Territory explorer Captain Collet Barker (1784–1831).[11] The town is located within Chaffey state electoral division that recognises brothers George and William Chaffey who emigrated to Australia in 1886 and were early fruitgrowing pioneers in the local area.[12]

Media[edit]

Newspapers[edit]

Renmark prints a range of newspapers, such as The Murray Pioneer (founded in 1892 as the Renmark Pioneer).

Television[edit]

Radio[edit]

ABC
Commercial

Sporting teams[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Renmark (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 23 October 2011. 
  2. ^ http://www.samemory.sa.gov.au/site/page.cfm?u=1343
  3. ^ "River Navigation Improvement". South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900). Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia. 28 October 1885. p. 5. Retrieved 3 July 2012. 
  4. ^ Rails into Renmark Shields, Brian Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, February, 1999 pp43-51
  5. ^ "Renmark Hotel". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 May 2016. 
  6. ^ "Renmark Irrigation Trust Office". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 May 2016. 
  7. ^ "Renmark Distillery Bridge (The first pre-stressed concrete bridge constructed in South Australia) [Concrete Girder]". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 May 2016. 
  8. ^ "Olivewood Site, including dwelling ('Olivewood'), Chaffey packing shed, palm trees lining driveway, olive grove and garden". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 May 2016. 
  9. ^ "Paringa Bridge over the River Murray [Metal Vertical Lift]". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 May 2016. 
  10. ^ "Renmark Aero". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. May2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  11. ^ http://www.aec.gov.au/profiles/sa/barker.htm
  12. ^ http://www.ecsa.sa.gov.au/electoral-boundaries/state-boundaries/13-electoral-boundaries/363-chaffey

External links[edit]