Renmark, South Australia
A view of Renmark from the Murray River
|Population||7,491 (2011 census)|
|Elevation||31 m (102 ft)|
|LGA(s)||District Council of Renmark Paringa|
Renmark is a town in South Australia's rural Riverland area, and is located 254 km northeast of Adelaide, on the banks of the River Murray. The Sturt Highway between Adelaide and Sydney runs through the town; Renmark is the last major town encountered in South Australia when driving this route. It is 31 m above sea level. At the 2011 census, Renmark had a population of 7,491.
It has been suggested that the name Renmark refers to an Aboriginal word meaning "Red Mud" – the original inhabitants of the area were the Naralte tribe. Alternatively, it could be derived from "Bookmark" (later Calperum), the station founded by the Chambers brothers, from which 20,000 acres was excised for the town and irrigation project. The first unambiguous use of the name (as "Renmark Flat") in newspapers was in October 1888.
Captain Charles Sturt was the first European to pass through the area in January 1830, as he navigated the length of the Murray River from the Great Dividing Range, eventually reaching Lake Alexandrina.
A settlement began to grow in 1887, when the Renmark Irrigation Settlement was established by George and William Chaffey, who created a system of open drains using water from the Murray River, to allow orchards to be planted in the area. By pumping water onto the hot red sand they transformed it into a fruit growing area similar to California. Renmark was proclaimed a town in 1904 and a municipality in 1935.
Renmark was connected to Adelaide by rail on 31 January 1927 when the railway line across the bridge to Paringa was opened. It was later extended west as far as Barmera but then closed in 1983 then the last scheduled train to cross the bridge was on 31 December 1990.
Renmark has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
- Murray Avenue: Renmark Hotel 
- 149 Murray Avenue: Renmark Irrigation Trust Office 
- Renmark Avenue: Renmark Distillery Bridge 
- Renmark Avenue: Olivewood
- Sturt Highway: Paringa Bridge 
Renmark is surrounded by mallee scrub. Renmark has situated in a grassland location, above Goyder's Line, with hot dry summers and cool winters. Under Köppen climate classification, Renmark has a semi-arid climate (BSk) with seasonal temperatures a few degrees above Adelaide's temperatures, although it has many more touches of frost in winter, also differing due to lacking Adelaide's sizeable winter precipitation. The average rainfall of Renmark is 243.7 millimetres (9.59 in), falling evenly throughout the year, as thunderstorms in summer, or with cold fronts in winter, and a combination of the two in spring and autumn. Record temperatures have ranged from 48.2 °C (118.0 °F) during the February 2009 heatwave to -6.1 °C – 21.0 °F
|Climate data for Renmark (1995–2013)|
|Record high °C (°F)||47.1
|Average high °C (°F)||33.6
|Average low °C (°F)||16.2
|Record low °C (°F)||6.3
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||18.1
|Average rainy days (≥ 0.2mm)||2.8||3.3||3.4||4.3||6.8||9.6||9.6||8.9||7.7||6.7||5.8||4.9||73.8|
|Source: Bureau of Meteorology|
The area is known for the cultivation of grapes, citrus fruits, tomatoes, vegetables, wheat and wool. Orange trees stretch for hectares as do vineyards and stone fruit orchards. Other industries include almond growing and pistachio nut cultivation.
Renmark is also home to the region's only restored paddle steamer, wine companies and the rose industry. Renmark hosts the Renmark Rose Festival every October.
Renmark is within the federal electoral district of Barker which is named after South Australian and Northern Territory explorer Captain Collet Barker (1784–1831). The town is located within Chaffey state electoral division that recognises brothers George and William Chaffey who emigrated to Australia in 1886 and were early fruitgrowing pioneers in the local area.
Renmark prints a range of newspapers, such as The Murray Pioneer (founded in 1892 as the Renmark Pioneer).
- The Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) – ABC1, ABC2, ABC3, ABC News
- The Special Broadcasting Service (SBS) – SBS One, SBS Two
- WIN Television (7, 9 & 10) as RTS-5A – RTS-5A relays the programming from Seven Network (Seven SA), Nine Network (WIN SA) & Network Ten (Ten SA).
- Austar – Subscription Television service Austar is also available from via satellite.
WIN Television broadcasts Network Ten programming, Channel Seven broadcasts Seven Network programming & Channel Nine broadcasts Nine Network programming. The programming schedules for these channels is the same as Channel Nine, Channel Seven and Channel Ten in Adelaide, with local commercials inserted and some variations for coverage of Australian Football League or National Rugby League matches, state and national news and current affairs programs, some lifestyle and light entertainment shows and infomercials.
- 1062 ABC Riverland (1062 AM)
- Triple J (101.9 FM)
- ABC Radio National (1305 AM)
- ABC Classic FM (105.1 FM)
- 5RM (801 AM)
- Wild Country (1557 AM)
- Magic FM (93.1 FM)
- TAB Racing Radio (95.5 FM)
- Riverland Life FM (100.7 FM)
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Renmark (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 23 October 2011.
- "River Navigation Improvement". South Australian Register. Adelaide. 28 October 1885. p. 5. Retrieved 3 July 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
- Rails into Renmark Shields, Brian Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, February, 1999 pp43-51
- "History in the Renmark Paringa District". Renmark Paringa Council. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- "Renmark Hotel". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
- "Renmark Irrigation Trust Office". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
- "Renmark Distillery Bridge (The first pre-stressed concrete bridge constructed in South Australia) [Concrete Girder]". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
- "Olivewood Site, including dwelling ('Olivewood'), Chaffey packing shed, palm trees lining driveway, olive grove and garden". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
- "Paringa Bridge over the River Murray [Metal Vertical Lift]". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
- "Renmark Aero". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. May 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
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