Renshou County (Chinese: 仁寿县; pinyin: Rénshòu Xiàn) is a county in Meishan City, Sichuan Province of China. It is located in Middle-West of Sichuan Basin. It has an area of 2600 square kilometers, and population 1,500,000. It is the most populous county in Sichuan, a typical area with high population density in Sichuan Basin.
From mid-May to June 1993, Renshou County was the site of mass anti-tax riots, where up to 10,000 peasants protested tax measures by the local government. Causes cited for the riots include an increase in taxes and fees, failure of local officials to pay for grain collection, and the generally low income of rural residents in the area.
- China is Sowing Discontent with Taxes on the Peasants, New York Times, May 19, 1993
- Bernstein, Thomas P. Taxation without representation in contemporary rural China. Cambridge University Press, 2003