General Rensuke Isogai
|Governor of Hong Kong
under Japanese occupation
February 20, 1942 – December 24, 1944
|Prime Minister||Hideki Tōjō
|Preceded by||Takashi Sakai
|Succeeded by||Hisakazu Tanaka|
September 3, 1886|
Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan
|Died||June 6, 1967
|Alma mater||Army War College|
|Awards||Order of the Rising Sun|
|Allegiance||Empire of Japan|
|Service/branch||Imperial Japanese Army|
|Years of service||1904-1939
|Commands||10th Infantry Division|
|Battles/wars||Second Sino-Japanese War
World War II
Rensuke Isogai (磯谷 廉介 Isogai Rensuke, September 3, 1886 – June 6, 1967) was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army and Governor of Hong Kong under Japanese occupation from February 20, 1942 to December 24, 1944.
A native of Hyōgo Prefecture, Isogai graduated from the 16th class of the Imperial Japanese Army Academy in 1904. Future generals Seishirō Itagaki and Kenji Doihara were among his classmates. He graduated from the 27th class of the Army War College (Japan) and was known for his fascination with all things Chinese.
From 1931-1937, he held a number of staff positions within the Imperial Japanese Army General Staff; however, with the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937, Isogai volunteered to be a military attaché to China. The position was very short, as he was soon assigned to a combat command as the commander in chief of the IJA 10th Division in China, participating in the Tianjin–Pukou Railway Operation and the Battle of Taierzhuang.
With the start of the Pacific War, Isogai was recalled to active duty in 1942. He was appointed Governor-General of Japanese-occupied Hong Kong on February 20, 1942 at the recommendation of Prime Minister Hideki Tōjō, his former superior officer while serving with the Kwangtung Army.
During Isogai's tenure, Hong Kong was subjected to martial law. He based his command post at the Peninsula Hotel in Kowloon. Although Isogai arrived after the worst excesses committed by Japanese troops against civilians during the conquest of Hong Kong, and Isogai's troops (for the most part) were more disciplined than most Japanese forces in mainland China, Hongkongers suffered much deprivation from food shortages. The creation and subsequent inflation of the Japanese Military Yen, a currency without reserves issued by the Japanese Imperial Army administration, caused severe disruption of the economy, impoverishing many Hong Kong residents. Public transportation and utilities unavoidably failed, due to shortage of fuel and American air raids killed thousands, leaving more homeless.
While Isogai was much hated by many older generations of Hong Kong people, Isogai is credited with introducing an important element of Hong Kong life during his tenure: Sunday horseracing. Sunday horseracing is now a very important part of Hong Kong culture, in which thousands participate. Also, Isogai was responsible for the addition of Japanese elements of architecture on the facade of the Hong Kong Government House.
Isogai retired from the post on December 24, 1944, and returned to Japan. At the end of the war, he was arrested by the SCAP authorities and extradited to Nanjing, China, where he faced a military tribunal for war crimes committed during the occupation of Hong Kong. He was sentenced to life imprisonment, but released in 1952, and allowed to return to Japan. He died in 1967.
- Coox, Alvin D. (1990). Nomonhan: Japan Against Russia, 1939. Stanford University Press. ISBN 0-8047-1835-0.
- Snow, Philip (2004). The Fall of Hong Kong: Britain, China, and the Japanese Occupation. Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-10373-5.
- Ammentorp, The Generals of World War II
- Coox, Nomonhan: Japan Against Russia, 1939
- Snow, The Fall of Hong Kong
- Ammenthorp, The Generals of World War II
- Ammenthorp, Steen. "Isogai Rensuke". The Generals of World War II.
|Governor-General of Hong Kong