Repülőgépgyár Levente II

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Levente I - II; Strucc
Az utolsóként fennmaradt Levente II. a magyar Közlekedési Múzeum tárlatában.jpg
Levente II at the Közlekedési Múzeum
Role trainer and liaison aircraft
Manufacturer Repülőgépgyár Rt.
Designer András Fábián
First flight October 1940
Introduction 1943 (II)
Retired 1950s
Primary user Hungarian Air Force
Produced 1942-1943 (II)
Number built 100

The Levente series was a Hungarian two-seat trainer and liaison aircraft from World War II.

Design and development[edit]

Two prototypes, designed by András Fábián, (Fábián András) were built in Magyar Waggon - és Gépgyár Rt. (Hungarian Wagon and Machine Factory; one of the few big corporates of the time) in Győr. However, a tender was placed by the air forces with the profile change of the MWG, and production rights were eventually given to the Uhry brothers' factory (originally a small private vehicle body manufacturer, which later expanded rapidly and become a very successful competitor of elder corporations). The parasol-wing, open-cockpit tandem two-seat primary trainer Levente I prototype flew in October 1940. A slightly modified military version of the aircraft was named the Levente II. The aircraft's wing has an elliptical planform.

Levente II at the Közlekedési Múzeum

In 1942, the Uhri Testvérek Autókarosszéria - és Járműgyár Kft. (Uhry Brothers Car-body and Vehicle factory Ltd.) launched a new company, Repülőgépgyár Rt. (roughly meaning Aeroplane factory jsc.) at Csepel island off the Danube, south of Budapest; renting the airfield and factory halls from Weiss Manféd Rt.. The Levente II was being series produced, but the plant also repaired Bü 131s, and built prototype aircraft.

Operational history[edit]

Levente II was supplied to the Hungarian Air Force between 1941 and 1943. 100 Levente IIs were built as trainers, but as it was war, they also served in the communications/liaison roles until the end of the war.[1] After 1945 the type was redesignated to the name Strucc (ostrich), because of the political connotations of the former name (see Levente (disambiguation))

Operators[edit]

 Hungary

Specifications (Levente II)[edit]

3-view of Levente II

Data from The Concise Guide to Axis Aircraft of World War II[2]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 6.08 m (19 ft 11 in)
  • Wingspan: 9.45 m (31 ft 0 in)
  • Height: 2.53 m (8 ft 4 in)
  • Wing area: 13.5 m2 (145 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 470 kg (1,036 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 750 kg (1,653 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Hirth HM 504A-2 4-cylinder inverted air-cooled in-line piston engine, 78 kW (105 hp)
  • Propellers: 2-bladed fixed-pitch propeller

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 160 km/h (99 mph, 86 kn)
  • Range: 650 km (400 mi, 350 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 4,500 m (14,800 ft)

See also[edit]

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

References[edit]

  1. ^ Williamson, Mitch. "Hungarian Air Force 1930-45 Part I". weaponsandwarfare.com. Retrieved 28 March 2019.
  2. ^ Mondey, David (1987) [1984]. The Concise Guide to Axis Aircraft of World War II. Aerospace Publishing Ltd. ISBN 1-85152-966-7.