|Town, Municipality, Mandal|
|Region||Coastal / Krishna Delta|
|Elevation||7 m (23 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Telephone code||(91) 08648|
|Vehicle registration||AP 07 -- ----|
|Coastline||37 kilometres (23 mi)|
|Sex ratio||1:1 ♂/♀|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Bapatla|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Repalle|
Repalle is a Coastal Town, Municipality and a Mandal located on the banks of the River Krishna in the Guntur district, Andhra Pradesh State, India. It is located 43 km from Tenali, 70 km from Guntur, 42 km from Machilipatnam, 81 km from Vijayawada and 340 km distance from its state capital city Hyderabad. .
The name Repalle is actually formed from two words Revu (river or bank of river) and Palle (village). In the old days people used to call it as revupalle and as the time goes on it has become Repalle.
Suryadevara Nayakas ruled Repalle - Rachuru Kingdom (Pulivavaru Seema) around 1400 CE to 1500 CE. They belonged to Telugu cholas lineage. The clan constructed Rachuru and Peteru Forts. Suryadevara nayaka were commanders in the army of Vijayanagara Kings in 14th and 15th centuries. The Suryadevara nayakas are seem in the inscriptions from 1500 CE onwards. They played a prominent role in the battles of Sri Krishnadevaraya with Gajapathi Kings of Kalinga. Prominent Suryadevara nayaks were Timma, Yerra and Musalayya. The Suryadevara fortunes declined after the battle of Tallikota. Rachuru fort was given to a Zamindar Manikyarao by Golkonda ruler Qutb Shah in 1600 CE.
During the British imperial rule, Repalle Taluk in Machilipatnam district, which was later divided into Krishna, and Godavari districts. In 1904 Krishna District was again separated into Krishna and Guntur Districts. Repalle Taluk was divided into Repalle and Tenali Taluks in 1 July 1909.
Repalle is located at  It has an average elevation of 7 metres (22 feet)..
The eastern boundaries of the town start at a tree (near the old fort) called Ankamma Chettu, which is one of the oldest trees in town and extends up to Isukapalli in the west; and it starts from Peteru village and extends up to Aravapalli from north to south respectively. The nearest towns are Tenali, Bapatla of Guntur district and Machilipatnam of Krishna district.
The road bridge between Puligadda - Penumudi over Krishna river, It was opened for public on May 28, 2006. It was constructed at a cost of Rs. 71 crores. Several agitations were launched in the past demanding the construction of the bridge. The bridge will reduce the distances between delta regions of Krishna and Guntur districts. Similarly, Narsapur of West Godavari and Repalle would come closer by 112 km.
As of 2011[update] India census, Repalle had a population of 1,04,190. Males constitute about 50% of the population and females 50%. Repalle has an average literacy rate of 69%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 72%, and female literacy is 67%. In Repalle, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Repalle is located 25 km from the sea coast. It is generally hot and humid during summer with temperatures ranging between 28 and 42 C. Winters are milder with temperatures between 15 and 30 C. Heavy rains are experienced between July and November during monsoon time.
The most important factor is agriculture in this region. The region has dry lands and wet lands. Paddy and black gram are cultivated on wet lands and corn is grown on the dry lands. As the Krishna west canal does not provide irrigation for rabi season, the fields are left empty during the summer. Aquaculture, mostly prawns, meant for the export are cultivated along the banks of Krishna river. Dairy, Poultry followed, mainly to supplement the agricultural income.
Peteru, Isukapalli are some of the main handloom weaving centres in Repalle. Isukapalli Handloom Weavers Co-operative Society Ltd is producing quality Bed Sheets,Towels, Lungies,Modern Handkerchiefs. Peteru is home to handlooms and the cloth woven here is sold in all parts of the state.
VANPIC Ports Private Limited is developing (Vadarevu and Nizampatnam Port & Industrial Corrider) a world class, State of - the art Port - Based Industrial Corridor comprising two ports, Shipyard, Multi Product Industrial Parks, Special Economic Zones (SEZ), Power Plants and Airport between Nizampatnam - Kothapatnam in an area of 25000 acres.
- The Repalle town is well connected to the coastal national highway NH-214 A (Narsapur - Ongole road line) and 68 km from NH 5 (Connecting Kolkota - Chennai). It has a bus depot. Bus services are available for all villages around Repalle and Tenali, Ponnur, Bapatla, Chirala, Guntur, Vijayawada, Hyderabad. After penumudi krishna river barrage is complete, Repalle is connected to Krishna district through bus services.
- Repalle is the terminus for the Tenali - Repalle line of Guntur division. It has regular passenger train services to Tenali, Guntur and Hyderabad.The railway station and bus stand are next to each other.
- Nizampatnam sea port is located 25 km from Repalle, A medium-sized modern port complex is planned for Nizampatnam, which will include terminals for bulk cargo, Intermodal containers, and liquefied natural gas. VANPIC Ports Pvt Ltd is currently executing Nizampatnam Port development.
- The nearest international airport is located at Hyderabad (364 km). A domestic airport at Gannavaram (100 km), limited flight services to Hyderabad, Chennai, Bangalore, Mumbai, Delhi.
- B.S.S.S High School (Bhagavan Sri Satya Sai High School)
- IOWA Girls High School
- NSM Municipal High School
- National Upper Primary School
- Andhra Ratna Municipal High School.
- Municipal High School.
- Bhashyam Public School,
- Sri Chaitanya Techno School
- Narayana Concept School
- Rama Krishna Vidyalaya
- Raghava Vidya Nilayam
- Viswasanthi Vidyaniketan
- Vivekananda Vidya Vihar
- Ramakrishna English Medium School
- R.K Model School
- Oxford English Medium School
- Mont Fort High School
- John's High School
- Sarada Vidya Nilayam
- Mullapudi Narayana sastry memorial school, Sanskrit
In Repalle there are private and Government ITI, Inter, Degree, B.E.D and P.G Colleges.
- Government ITI College
- Sarada ITI College
- Naryana Junior College
- Sri Viswa Coaching Center
- Hamsa Junior College
- M.K.R Junior College
- N.K.R college
- Adarsha Junior College
- Vidwan Junior College
- Govt Junior College
- Repalle Christian college
- J.L.B Junior college for women
- Krishnaveni Junior College for women
- A.B.R Government Degree College
- Sri Viswa Degree College
- Adarsha Degree College
- Sri Sai Degree College
- Repalle Christian Degree College
- Smt Nandamuri Basava Tarakuri Memorial Degree College for Women (SNBTM)
P.G and B.E.D Colleges:
- SNBTM Post Graduate College
- SNBTM College of Education for Women
- Repalle Christian College of Education
- Repalle Christian College of Nursing
There is only one Engineering college in Repalle town, but some of the Engineering, Polytechnic and Pharmacy colleges is located at nearby towns.
- SNBTM College of Engineering and Technology, Repalle
- Sri Sunflower College of Engineering & Technology, Challapalli, Krishna Dist (25 km)
- Nannapaneni Venkatrao College of Engineering & Technology, Tenali (43 km)
- K.S.S Women's Engineering College, Tenali (45 km)
- Velaga Nageswara Rao College of Engineering, Chintlapudi, Ponnur (45 km)
- Ponnur Engineering College, Chithalapudi, Ponnur (45 km)
- Sri Venkateswara Hindu College of Engineering, Machilipatnam, Krishna Dist (49 km)
- Priyadarshini Institute of Technology & Science, Chintalapudi, Tenali (50 km)
- Priyadarshini Institute of Technology & Science for Women, Chintalapudi, Tenali (50 km)
- Diviseema Polytechnic College, Ramachandra Puram, Avanigadda, Krishna Dist (13 km)
- Government Polytechnic College, Ponnur (42 km)
- Government Polytechnic College, Machilipatnam, Krishna Dist (43 km)
- S.V Polytechnic College, Machilipatnam, Krishna Dist (45 km)
- Smt.T.K.R Polytechnic College for Women, Pamarru, Krishna Dist (46 km)
- Bapatla College of Pharmacy, Bapatla (54 km)
- ASN Pharmacy College, Tenali (45 km)
Villages in Repalle mandal are Vaddivari Palem, Aravapalli, Bethapudi, Gudikayalanka, Bobbarlanka, Chatragadda, Chodayapalem, Piratlanka, Chennupalli Vari Palem, Gangadipalem, Jonnavaripalem, Kaithepalli, Kamarajugadda, Vejellavare Lanka, Pallikona, Allamudi, Karumuru, Nalluru, Parisapadu, Penumudi, Peteru, Potumeraka, Mynenivaripalem, Thummala, Sajavaripalem, Singupalem, Uppudi, Visweswaram, Nalluripalem, Morlavari Palem, Mantri Palem,Pragnam, Vullipalem, Lanke Vani Dibba
- Shirdi Saibaba Mandir, Isukapalli, Repalle
- Bala Koteswara Swamy Temple, Aravapalli, Repalle
- Mukteswara Swamy Temple, Morthota
- Mallikarjuna Swami Temple, Vullipalem
- Venugopala Swamy Temple, Rachuru
- Chowdeswara Swamy Temple, Chodaya Palem
- Gokarneshwara Swamy Temple, Nizampatnam
- Subramanya Swamy Temple, Mopidevi, Krishna Dist - 11 km
- Durga Nageswara Swamy Temple, Pedakallepalli, Krishna dist - 20 km
- Venugopala Swamy Temple, Hamasala Deevi, Krishna Dist - 39 km
- syed sultan sha Qadri hanafi suri auliya dargah,Repalle
- Penumudi bridge connecting guntur and krishna districts
Penumudi: Bank of the river krishna located 5 km from Repalle. The road bridge between Penumudi - Puligadda over krishna river, bridge was recently constructed connecting Guntur and Krishna districts. The bridge is set in picturesque surroundings and is longer than Vijayawada's Prakasham barrage.It is the second longest bridge in Andhra pradesh.
Bhattiprolu: located 11 km from Repalle, is well known for its Buddhist stupa built in the 3 rd century BC. The most ancient known kingdom, ruled by King Kuberaka, in South India had Pratipalapura (Bhattiprolu) as its capital. One of the earliest evidence of Ashokan Brahmi script in South India comes from Bhattiprolu. Merchants took the script to South-East Asia where it parented the scripts of Mon, Burmese, Thai, Khmer, Javanese and Balinese languages. Their similarities to Telugu script can be discerned even today.
Challapalli Fort (18 km) : The fort was built in 1576 and is being ruled by Jamindars till today. Cultural programmes were hosted and poets were given patronage during the era of Challapalli Raja Yarlagadda Siva Rama Prasad.
Nizampatnam: An ancient region which is at a distance of 25 km from Repalle. This was a harbour before. It was under the reign of Muslims for a long period of time. Some historical remnants of Uppu Mahal which was constructed in that era can be seen even today.
Krishna Wild Life Sanctuary (Avanigadda): is spread among two districts of Krishna - Guntur in Andhra Pradesh and the sanctuary is covered in an area more than 194.81 km2. It is located at a distance of 12 km from Repalle town.
The last surviving mangrove forests in the Krishna estuary with unique flora & fauna. It is a thickly and densely populated sanctuary hosting a wide variety of flora species and mangrove forests which include Casuarina equisetifolia, Pongamia gladra, Calotropis gigantean, Cassia auriculata, Thespesia populnea, Ipomaea biloba, Leptadenia reticulata, Spinifex squarrosus, Spinifex littoreus, Pongamia pinnate. The Sanctuary supports rich mangrove vegetation with flora plant species like Rhizophora, Avicennia, Sonneratia, Aegiceros, Prosopis juliflora Banyan, Peepul, Margosa, Tumma, Mango, Palmyra, Date-palm etc.
The park is one of the rare mangrove habitats. The usual mangrove fauna may not be seen, but it is a place worth while for a visit to enjoy the picturesque location and scenic beauty. Some rare mammals like jungle and fishing cats, Otter, Jackal, Estuarine Crocodile, a species of fox and bear can be seen. Some of the herbivorous species such as Spotted Deer, Sambar and Black Buck are occasionally found. And some of the reptiles include Cobra, Russels Viper, Water Snake, Rattle Snake and Tree Snake, Garden Lizard, Wall Lizard and land tortoise . Amphibians include common frog, Water cat and the estuarine crocodiles etc. Many of local and migratory birds like Crested Serpant Eagle, Indian Roller, Wagtails, Pipits etc. can be found in this wildlife park.
The area is open throughout the year but October to February is a good time to visit the sanctuary. Accommodation is available at Forest Guest Houses at Repalle, Contact Divisional Forest Officer, Wildlife Management, Eluru, West Godavari District, Phone: 08812-232356, 08812-239578. One private tour operator (www.apcamping.com) conducting total tour pakage from Repalle. This tour pakage includes River boat trip, Bird watching, Wildlife, Adventure night camping, Campfire parties under the night sky, Fishing, Kayaking, canoeing, sailing, boating, scooter, boat house at Harbor, Food and Accommodation.
Hamsaladeevi: is the place where River Krishna confluences with Bay of Bengal. To reach the point of merger one has to travel a further 5 k.m via Palakaya Tippa village.
Nadivelamma Talli Temple is famous temple in Rajavolu and there will be annual festival on Pournami day in the month of Chaitra Masam.
Repalle is an assembly constituency in Andhra Pradesh. Repalle, Nagaram, Cherukupalle,Nizampatnam Mandal's in Repalle Assembly Constituency. Repalle comes into Bapatla Lok Sabha Constituency.
List of elected members in assembly:
- 1955 - Yadam Channaiah, INC
- 1962 - Koratala Satyanaryana, CPM
- 1967 - Yadam Channaiah, INC
- 1972 - Yadam Channaiah, INC
- 1978 - Koratala Satyanaryana, CPM
- 1983 - Yadla Vekata Rao, TDP
- 1985 - Yadla Vekata Rao, TDP
- 1989 - Ambati Rambabu, INC
- 1994 - Mummaneni Venkata Subbaiah, TDP
- 1999 - Mummaneni Venkata Subbaiah, TDP
- 2004 - Devineni Mallikharjuna Rao, INC
- 2009 - Mopidevi Venkataramana, INC Withheld from Minister position.
- Samudrala Raghavacharya, Writer
- Kasinadhuni Viswanath, Director
- S. Janaki, Indian Playback Singer
- Chittoru Nagaiah, The first hero of the Telugu Talki movies,
- Thadanki Sheshumamba and her daughter Swarajyalaxmi the actreess
- Yarlagadda Police, 7 World records holder
- "Repalle, India Page". Retrieved 2006-08-16.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- A Brief History of Kammas, K. B. Choudary, 1954, University of California, Digitized 2007.
A Manual of the Kistna District in the Presidency of Madras - Gordon Mackenzie
Guntur District, 1788-1848: Robert Eric Frykenberg - Google Books.