Repalle

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Repalle
రేపల్లె
Town
Repalle is located in Andhra Pradesh
Repalle
Repalle
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 16°01′02″N 80°49′46″E / 16.01722°N 80.82944°E / 16.01722; 80.82944Coordinates: 16°01′02″N 80°49′46″E / 16.01722°N 80.82944°E / 16.01722; 80.82944
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
District Guntur
Elevation[1] 10 m (30 ft)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 50,866
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 522265
Telephone code +91–8648
Vehicle registration AP–07
Coastline 37 kilometres (23 mi)
Lok Sabha constituency Bapatla (SC)
Assembly constituency Repalle
Website Repalle Municipality

Repalle is a town in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.[3] It is situated near Krishna River in the Coastal Andhra region of the state. The town is one of the 12 municipalities in Guntur district.[4] It is the headquarters of Repalle mandal and administered under Tenali revenue division.[5][6]

History[edit]

The name Repalle is actually formed from two words: Revu (river or bank of the river) and Palle (village). Originally known as Revupalle, the name has evolved to Repalle over time.[citation needed]

Suryadevara nayakas ruled Repalle - Rachuru Kingdom (Pulivavaru Seema) around 1400 CE to 1500 CE. They belonged to Telugu Cholas lineage. The clan constructed the Rachuru and Peteru Forts. Suryadevara nayaka were commanders in the army of Vijayanagara Kings in the 14th and 15th centuries. The Suryadevara nayakas are seen in inscriptions from 1500 CE onwards. They played a prominent role in the battles of Sri Krishnadevaraya with Gajapathi Kings of Kalinga. Prominent Suryadevara nayaks were Timma, Yerra and Musalayya. Suryadevara fortunes declined after the battle of Tallikota. Rachuru fort was given to a Zamindar Manikyarao by Golkonda ruler Qutb Shah in 1600 CE.

During British imperial rule, Repalle Taluk was located in the Machilipatnam district, which was later divided into the Krishna and Godavari districts. In 1904, the Krishna District was separated again into Krishna and Guntur Districts. Repalle Taluk was then divided into Repalle and Tenali Taluks on July 1, 1909.

Geography[edit]

Repalle is located at 16°01′N 80°31′E / 16.01°N 80.51°E / 16.01; 80.51.[7] It has an average elevation of 7 metres (22 feet). The nearest towns are Tenali, Bapatla in the Guntur district, and Machilipatnam in the Krishna district.

Climate[edit]

Repalle is located 25 km from the sea coast. It is generally hot and humid during summer with temperatures ranging between 28 and 42 C on average. Winters are milder with temperatures between 15 and 30 C on average. Heavy rains are experienced between July and November during monsoon time.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 census, the town had a population of 50,866. The total population constitute, 24,385 males and 26,481 females —a sex ratio of 1086 females per 1000 males. 4,308 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 2,184 are boys and 2,124 are girls. The average literacy rate stands at 81.32% with 37,862 literates, significantly higher than the state average of 67.41%.[2][8]

Governance[edit]

Civic Administration

Repalle is a second grade municipality, with an extent of 10.97 km2 (4.24 sq mi). It was established in 1965. During the year 2010-11, the total income generated by the municipality was INR12.05 crore (US$1.9 million) and total expenditure was INR10.62 crore (US$1.7 million).[4][9] The municipal department maintains 125 public taps, 324 public bore-wells and supplies 100 LPCD (litres per capita per day) of water. It also maintains 121.80 km (75.68 mi) of drains and 96.90 km (60.21 mi) of roads, street lights, public parks etc. Other amenities include dispensaries, elementary and secondary schools etc.[10]

Politics

Repalle is a part of Repalle (Assembly constituency), representing Legislative Assembly of the state. It is also a part of Bapatla (SC) (Lok Sabha constituency), representing the Lok Sabha. Anagani Satya Prasad is the present MLA of the constituency from Telugu Desam Party.[11][12][13]

Economy[edit]

The most important activity is agriculture. The region has dry lands and wet lands. Paddy and black gram are cultivated on wet lands and corn is grown on the dry lands. As the Krishna west canal does not provide irrigation for rabi season, the fields are left empty during the summer. Aquaculture, mostly prawns, meant for the export are cultivated along the banks of Krishna river. Dairy and poultry is practiced mainly to supplement the agricultural income.

Peteru and Isukapalli are some of the main handloom weaving centres in Repalle. The Isukapalli Handloom Weavers Co-operative Society Ltd produces bed sheets, towels and modern handkerchiefs. Peteru is home to handlooms and the cloth woven here is sold in all parts of the state.

Transport[edit]

The town is well connected to NH 214 A via Penumudi road. It has a bus depot operated by APSRTC to various towns and villages around the town. Repalle is the terminus for the Tenali–Repalle branch line of Guntur railway division.

Tourism[edit]

Penumudi: The banks of the river Krishna are located 5 km from Repalle.[5] Bhattiprolu, located 11 km from Repalle, is well known for its Buddhist stupa built in the 3rd century BC. Challapalli Fort, located at a distance of 18 km from Pepalle the fort was built in 1576. The Krishna Wild Life Sanctuary in Avanigadda, located 12 km from Repalle, is spread among two districts of Krishna district and Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh. It is home to the last surviving mangrove forests in the Krishna estuary and has unique flora & fauna. Hamsaladeevi is the place where River Krishna meets the Bay of Bengal.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Elevation for Repalle". Veloroutes. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Census 2011". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  3. ^ "Mandal wise villages" (pdf). Revenue Department - AP Land. National Informatics Center. p. 10. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  4. ^ a b "Brief about Municipality". Commissioner & Director of Municipal Administration. Retrieved 17 November 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "Guntur District Mandals" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 105,112. Retrieved 19 January 2015. 
  6. ^ "Guntur District – At a Glance". Official Website of Guntur District. National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  7. ^ "Repalle, India Page". Retrieved 2006-08-16. 
  8. ^ "Literacy of AP (Census 2011)" (PDF). Official Portal of Andhra Pradesh Government. p. 43. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  9. ^ "Brief about Municipality". Commissioner & Director of Municipal Administration. Retrieved 17 November 2014. 
  10. ^ "Public services/amenities". Commissioner & Director of Municipal Administration. Retrieved 17 November 2014. 
  11. ^ "MLA". AP State Portal. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  12. ^ "Repalle MLA". Elections.in. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  13. ^ "DELIMITATION OF PARLIAMENTARY AND ASSEMBLY CONSTITUENCIES ORDER, 2008" (pdf). Election Commission of India. p. 22,31. Retrieved 11 October 2014.