Replicas of the Statue of Liberty

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Hundreds of replicas of the Statue of Liberty (Liberty Enlightening the World) have been created worldwide.



Musée d'Orsay[edit]

The Exposition Universelle model in its previous location in the Jardin du Luxembourg, Paris

On the occasion of the Exposition Universelle of 1900, Bartholdi crafted a smaller version of the Statue of Liberty, which he subsequently gave to the Musée du Luxembourg. In 1905, the statue was placed outside the museum in the Jardin du Luxembourg, where it stood for over a century, until 2012. It currently stands at the entrance to the Musée d'Orsay; a newly constructed bronze replica stands in its place in the Jardin du Luxembourg.[1]

Île aux Cygnes[edit]

Statue of Liberty on the Île aux Cygnes, River Seine in Paris. Given to the city in 1889, it faces southwest, downriver along the Seine.

This statue was given in 1889 to France by US Citizens[2] living in Paris to celebrate the French Revolution 3 years after the main's statue in New-York was inaugurated. In 1937, the statue was turned from looking east to looking west straight to the direction of the New-York's statue.

This statue is near the Grenelle Bridge on the Île aux Cygnes, a man-made island in the Seine (48°51′0″N 2°16′47″E / 48.85000°N 2.27972°E / 48.85000; 2.27972). It is 11.50 metres (37 feet 9 inches) high and weighs 14 tons.[3] Inaugurated on July 4, 1889, it looks southwest, downriver along the Seine. Its tablet bears two dates: "IV JUILLET 1776" (July 4, 1776: the United States Declaration of Independence) like the New York statue, and "XIV JUILLET 1789" (July 14, 1789: the storming of the Bastille) associated with an equal sign. This statue is shown in the movie National Treasure: Book of Secrets as one of the historic locations.

Musée des Arts et Métiers[edit]

The original plaster, the first maquette (286 cm) finished in 1878 by Auguste Bartholdi, that was used to make the statue in New York is in the Musée des Arts et Métiers in Paris.[4][5] This original plaster was bequeathed by the artist's widow in 1907,[6] together with part of the artist's estate.

On the square outside the Musée des Arts et Métiers’s entrance is a bronze made from this plaster (same size), number 1 from an original edition of 12, made by the museum and cast by Susse Fondeur Paris.

Flame of Liberty[edit]

A life-size copy of the torch, Flame of Liberty, can be seen above the entrance to the Pont de l'Alma tunnel near the Champs-Élysées in Paris. It was given to the city as a return gift in honor of the centennial celebration of the statue's dedication. Since it is above the Pont de l'Alma car tunnel in which Princess Diana died, the torch became an unofficial memorial to the princess.[7]


There is a replica in the northwest of France, in the small town of Barentin near Rouen. It was made for a French movie, Le Cerveau ("the brain"), directed by Gérard Oury and featuring actors Jean-Paul Belmondo and Bourvil.[8]


Another replica is the Bordeaux Statue of Liberty. This 2.5 m (8.2 ft) statue is in the city of Bordeaux. The first Bordeaux statue was seized and melted down by the Nazis in World War II. The statue was replaced in 2000 and a plaque was added to commemorate the victims of the September 11 terrorist attacks. On the night of March 25, 2003, unknown vandals poured red paint and gasoline on the replica and set it on fire. The vandals also cracked the pedestal of the plaque. The mayor of Bordeaux, former prime minister Alain Juppé, condemned the attack.


Replica of the Statue of Liberty in Colmar

A 12 m (39 ft 4 in) replica of the Statue of Liberty in Colmar, the city of Bartholdi's birth, was dedicated on July 4, 2004, to commemorate the 100th anniversary of his death. It stands at the north entrance of the city.[9] The Bartholdi Museum in Colmar contains numerous models of various sizes made by Bartholdi during the process of designing the statue.[10]


Frédéric Bartholdi donated a copy of the Statue of Liberty to the town square of Saint-Cyr-sur-Mer.

Other French cities[edit]

Other "liberty enlightening the world" statues are displayed in Poitiers and Lunel. The Musée des beaux-arts de Lyon owns a terracotta version.

Near Chaumont, Haute Marne, is a miniature replica in the flag plaza of the former Chaumont Air Base. This was the home of the US 48th Tactical Fighter Wing, now based at Lakenheath, England, with its own statue at the flag plaza. The 48th TFW is the only USAF wing with a name: "The Statue Of liberty Wing".

Another example is of a "liberty enlightening the world" replica in Châteauneuf-la-Forêt, near the city of Limoges in the area of Haute-Vienne, Limousin. There is another "original" Bartholdi replica at Roybon (near Grenoble)

Other European countries[edit]


In Minimundus, a miniature park located at the Wörthersee in Carinthia, Austria, is another replica of the Statue of Liberty.[11]

In Graz, standing between the Opera House and the NextLiberty Theater, stands a steel structure built out of steel beams, that depict the original size of the statue of liberty, before the plates of the final form were being put into place. Instead of torch of flame, this depiction is holding a sword in extended left arm and a sphere in the right arm representing the world.


A small replica in lego is situated in Legoland in Billund.


A 35 m (115 ft) copy is in the German Heidepark Soltau theme park, located on a lake with cruising Mississippi steamboats. It weighs 28 metric tons (31 short tons), is made of plastic foam on a steel frame with polyester cladding, and was designed by the Dutch artist Gerla Spee.[12]


A green painted replica of the Statue of Liberty can be found near Mulnamina More, County Donegal, Ireland.[13]


A replica stands atop the Hotel Victory in Pristina, Kosovo.[14]


A smaller replica is in the Norwegian village of Visnes, where the copper used in the original statue was mined.[15] A replica is also on the facade of a pub in Bleik, county of Nordland[16][17]



There is one unique "sitting" Statue of Liberty in Ukrainian city of Lviv. It is a sculpture on a dome of the house (15, Freedom Avenue) built by architect Yuriy Zakharevych and decorated by sculptor Leandro Marconi in 1874–91.

United Kingdom[edit]

Replica of the Statue of Liberty in Leicester, England

A 17-foot, 9,200 kg (9.2 tons) replica stood atop the Liberty Shoe factory in Leicester, England, until 2002 when the building was demolished. The statue was put into storage while the building was replaced. The statue, which dates back to the 1920s, was initially going to be put back on the replacement building, but was too heavy, so in December 2008 following restoration, it was placed on a pedestal near Liberty Park Halls of Residence on a traffic island close to where it stood originally.[18][19]

A 10-foot-high (3.0 m) replica is in the stairwell of a bowling alley building in Warrington, England. It used to be above the entrance of a restaurant nearby.

There is also a small replica located at RAF Lakenheath, England, at the base flag plaza, made from leftover copper from the original.[20]

North America[edit]


In Coquitlam, British Columbia a small replica stands on Delestre Avenue just east of North Road.[21]


In Campeche, Mexico, there is a small replica in the small town of Palizada.

United States[edit]

  • From 1902 to 2002, visitors to midtown Manhattan were occasionally disoriented by what seemed to be an impossibly nearby view of the statue. They were seeing a 30-foot-high (9.1 m) replica located at 43 West 64th Street atop the Liberty Warehouse.[22][23] In February 2002, the statue was removed by the building's owners to allow the building to be expanded.[24] It was donated to the Brooklyn Museum of Art, which installed it in its sculpture garden in October 2005 with plans to restore it on site in spring of 2006.[25][26]
  • A bronze sculpture of the Statue of Liberty is on display in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City.[27]
  • Duluth, Minnesota, has a small copy on the south corner of the Duluth Entertainment Convention Center property, in the center of a clearing surrounded by pine trees where it may be passed unnoticed. It was presented to the city by some of Bartholdi's descendants residing in Duluth.[28][29]
  • The Boy Scouts of America celebrated their fortieth anniversary in 1950 with the theme of "Strengthen the Arm of Liberty".[30] Between 1949 and 1952, approximately two hundred 100-inch (2.5 m) replicas of the statue, made of stamped copper, were purchased by Boy Scout troops and donated in 39 states in the U.S. and several of its possessions and territories. The project was the brainchild of Kansas City businessman J.P. Whitaker, who was then Scout Commissioner of the Kansas City Area Council. The copper statues were manufactured by Friedley-Voshardt Co. (Chicago, Illinois) and purchased through the Kansas City Boy Scout office by those wanting one. The statues are approximately 8 12 feet (2.6 m) tall without the base, are constructed of sheet copper, weigh 290 pounds (130 kg), and originally cost $350 plus freight. The mass-produced statues are not great art nor meticulously accurate (a conservator notes that "her face isn't as mature as the real Liberty. It's rounder and more like a little girl's"), but they are cherished, particularly since 9/11. Many have been lost or destroyed, but preservationists have been able to account for about a hundred of them, and BSA Troop 101 of Cheyenne, Wyoming, has collected photographs of over 100 of them.[31][32] They are commonly installed at city halls, libraries, and schools. One of these statues was sent to the Philippines. After some years at the mouth of the Pasig River, Manila, it was kept in a store room at the Scout Reservation, Makiling, Laguna, for about two decades. It is now stored at the national office of the Boy Scouts of the Philippines, Manila.
  • A replica of the original statue was unveiled on October 12, 2011, at 667 Madison Avenue in Manhattan. Its owner, billionaire Leonard N. Stern, purchased it after reading about it in the local news. The replica is one of only 12 cast from the original mold created by Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi using digital surface scanning and lost-wax casting methods, and is the only one currently on public display. The statue itself is 9 feet tall and 15 feet including the pedestal on which it stands.[33]
    New York-New York Hotel & Casino in Las Vegas, complete with Statue of Liberty in the foreground.
  • There is a half-size replica at the New York-New York Hotel & Casino in Las Vegas, Nevada.[34][35][36][37] In April 2011, the U.S. Postal Service announced that three billion postage stamps mistakenly based on a photograph of this replica were produced and would be sold to the public.[38] In November 2013, the statue's sculptor, Robert Davidson, filed a copyright infringement suit against the U.S. government. [39]
  • The city of Sioux Falls, South Dakota, erected a replacement bronze reproduction standing 9 ft (2.7 m) tall in McKennan Park atop the original pedestal of a long-vanished wooden replica.[40]
    "Liberty Enlightening the World" replica in Birmingham, Alabama
  • A 36-foot-tall (11 m) bronze replica, accurately based on Bartholdi's "Liberty Enlightening the World", stands in Vestavia Hills, a suburb of Birmingham, Alabama. It was cast in 1956 at the Société Antoine Durenne foundry in Somerville Haut Marne, France, for placement in 1958 atop the Liberty National Life Insurance Company Building in downtown Birmingham.[22] It was relocated and placed on a 60-foot-tall (18 m) granite pedestal adjacent to Interstate 459 in 1989.[41][42][43]
  • Two 30-foot (9.1 m) copper replicas by sculptor Leo Lentelli stand atop the Liberty National Bank Building[22] in Buffalo, New York, nearly 108 m (354 ft) above street level.[44][45]
  • A 25-foot-tall (7.6 m) replica sits on the ruins of the late Marysville Bridge (erected on a platform (pier)) in the Dauphin Narrows of Susquehanna River north of Harrisburg. The replica was built by a local activist Gene Stilp on July 2, 1986; it was made of Venetian blinds and stood 18 feet (5.5 m) tall. Six years later, after it was destroyed in a windstorm, it was rebuilt by Stilp and other local citizens, of wood, metal, glass and fiberglass, to a height of 25 feet (7.6 m).[46][47][48]
  • A Lego replica of the Statue of Liberty consisting of 2882 bricks and standing 0.9 m (3.0 ft) is a popular sculpture among Lego enthusiasts. The statue went out of production, but due to popular demand was returned to sale.[49]
  • An 11-foot (3.4 m) miniature Statue of Liberty (holding a Bible instead of a tablet) currently stands atop a 15-foot (4.6 m) pedestal outside the Liberty Recycling plant in San Marcos, California. The company was named after the statue, which has been moved throughout northern San Diego County for over 80 years, originating at the Liberty Hotel in Leucadia, in the 1920s.[50]
  • A 25-foot (7.6 m) replica of the statue, lofting a Christian cross, holding the Ten Commandments, and named the "Statue of Liberation through Christ", was erected by a predominantly African American church in Memphis, Tennessee, on July 4, 2006.[51]
  • A small replica stands on the grounds of the Cherokee Capitol Building in Tahlequah, Oklahoma, a gift from the local Boy Scouts in 1950.[52]
  • Fargo, North Dakota, also has a replica of the Statue of Liberty on the corner of Main Avenue and 2nd Street at the entrance of the Main Avenue bridge.[53]
  • There is a replica on the shoreline of Lake Chaubunagungamaug in Webster, Massachusetts.[54]
  • A 1/6-scale replica (~50 feet including pedestal) stands in a parking lot of a strip mall in Milwaukie, Oregon, off McLoughlin Blvd at 4255 SE Roethe Rd.[55]
  • Seattle, WA, at Alki. [56]

South America[edit]


In Buenos Aires there is a small iron replica in Barrancas De Belgrano Square, cast by Bartholdi from the same mould as those cast in Paris, that was acquired by the city in the 1910s.


A replica of the Statue of Liberty in Maceió, Alagoas, Brazil
New York City Center in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

In Bangu, Rio de Janeiro exists a nickel replica made by Bartholdi in 1899. Bartholdi was commissioned by José Paranhos, Baron of Rio Branco to make a replica in order to celebrate the 10th anniversary of the Republic of Brazil. Until 1940, the statue was Paranhos family property. In 1940 the statue was passed to Guanabara State. In January 20, 1964 Carlos Lacerda, governor of Guanabara State, placed the statue in Miami Square, Bangu.[57] 22°51′24″S 43°29′33″W / 22.856681°S 43.492577°W / -22.856681; -43.492577

A small-scale cast metal replica can be found in Maceió, the capital of Alagoas State, in northeast Brazil. The replica is in front of a building constructed in 1869 as the seat of the Conselho Provincial (Provincial Council), and which today is the Museu da Imagem e do Som de Alagoas (Museum of Image and Sound of Alagoas). This replica is very possibly a casting produced by the Fundição Val d'Osne[58] in France, as in the Praça Lavenere Machado (formerly Praça Dois Leões) on the opposite side of the museum, there are four somewhat larger-than-life size cast metal statues of wild animals, at least one of which is embossed with the name of the foundry. These castings and the replica all appear to be made of similar material and to be of similar age. It is also very probable that they are near contemporaries of the actual Statue of Liberty. 9°40′22″S 35°43′20″W / 9.6728563°S 35.7223114°W / -9.6728563; -35.7223114

A large modern replica stands in front of the New York City Center, a shopping center constructed in 1999 in Barra da Tijuca in the State of Rio de Janeiro. 22°59′57″S 43°21′38″W / 22.9992837°S 43.360481°W / -22.9992837; -43.360481

The Havan department store chain has replicas in many of their stores. The largest one of these, 57 meters tall,[59] is allegedly in the Barra Velha branc, in the state of Santa Catarina.26°38′09″S 48°41′55″W / 26.635870°S 48.698708°W / -26.635870; -48.698708 There is another large replica the parking area of a Havan Department Store on the outskirts of Curitiba, in the State of Paraná, opened in 2000. 25°27′50″S 49°15′08″W / 25.4639912°S 49.2521676°W / -25.4639912; -49.2521676

Also, there is a small replica of the statue in Belém, in front of a Belém Importados store, near the city's port.


In Guayaquil, a little replica gives the name of "New York" to a neighborhood in the Valle Alto area.


In Lima the New York Casino in the Jesús María District has a small replica in the main entrance. The casino is a tribute to the state of New York and the USA.



A small replica can be found in Vardhaman Fantasy, an amusement park in Mira Road, Mumbai along with other 6 wonders of the world.


A large replica can be found in Genting Highlands in the state of Pahang.


A small replica can be found in Haw Par Villa, a theme park.



Set on top of the memorial tomb of "72 Martyrs of Huanghuagang" (see Huanghuagang Uprising). The current one was re-built in 1981.


During the Tiananmen Square protest of 1989, Chinese student demonstrators in Beijing built a 10 m (33 ft) image called the Goddess of Democracy, which sculptor Tsao Tsing-yuan said was intentionally "dissimilar" to the Statue of Liberty to avoid being "too openly pro-American." (See article for a list of replicas of that statue.)


A replica can be found in Window of the World Park.


Statue of Liberty replica in the village of Arraba, Israel

A 15 foot high replica of the Statue of Liberty is at the western entrance of the village of Arraba in Israel, near a local restaurant.

At a highway intersection in Jerusalem called "New York Square," there is an abstract skeletal replica of the statue.


Statue of Liberty Park near Shimoda, Aomori
Statue of Liberty replica at Odaiba, overlooking the Rainbow Bridge in Tokyo Bay

The French Statue of Liberty from the Île aux Cygnes came to Odaiba, Tokyo, from April 1998 to May 1999 in commemoration of "The French year in Japan".[3] Because of its popularity, in 2000 a replica of the French Statue of Liberty was erected at the same place. Also in Japan, a small Statue of Liberty is in the Amerika-mura (American Village) shopping district in Osaka, Japan. Another replica is in Oirase[60] near the town of Shimoda south of Misawa in Aomori Prefecture, where the United States has an 8,000-person U.S. Air Force base. A replica of the Statue of Liberty in Ishinomaki, Miyagi Prefecture, was damaged by the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami.[61]


There is a replica of Statue of Liberty in Bahria Town Lahore Also in Bahria Town Phase 8 Islamabad


Camp John Hay, a former US military station in Baguio City, has a small replica of the statue near the amphitheater.


Mini Siam and Mini Europe, in Pattaya, has a miniature Statue of Liberty amongst other miniatures.


There are at least two Statue of Liberty replicas (greater than 30 feet in height) in Taiwan. These two statues are in the cities of Keelung and Taipei.[62]


From 1887 to 1945, Hanoi was home to another copy of the statue. Measuring 2.85 m (9 ft 4 in) tall, it was erected by the French colonial government after being sent from France for an exhibition. It was known to locals unaware of its history as Tượng Bà đầm xòe (Statue of the madame saux). When the French lost control of French Indochina during World War II, the statue was toppled on August 1, 1945, after being deemed a vestige of the colonial government along with other statues erected by the French.[63]


A 30-foot replica can also be seen at the Westfield Marion shopping complex in Adelaide, South Australia.


  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b Statue illumination kicks off ‘Year of France’ event April 28, 1998 Japan Times Retrieved October 4, 2015
  4. ^ Robert Belot, Daniel Bermond, Bartholdi, Paris Perrin 2004
  5. ^ E. L. Kallop, Jr., Images of Liberty. Models and reductions of the Statue of Liberty 1867–1917, Special Centennial Exhibition 25 Janvier – 15 Février 1986
  6. ^ legal instrument prepared by M. Demanche, notary, on March 1, 1907 (Inv13768ter in the Museum archives)
  7. ^ Silverman, Stephen M. (August 28, 2002). "Paris Honors Diana with Two Memorials". People. 
  8. ^ "Les Statues dans le monde". Archived from the original on February 10, 2006. Retrieved May 28, 2006. : image and description of the Barentin replica from the personal website of a Statue of Liberty enthusiast
  9. ^ Statue of Freedom, Colmar, Alsace, France, Birthplace of Auguste Bartholdi. Gary Feuerstein, personal website
  10. ^ Construction of the Statue, National Park Service Historical Handbook
  11. ^ Minimundus replica Archived March 17, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  12. ^ Map of Heidepark Soltau park, showing lake and statue
  13. ^ "Flickriver Photo". August 15, 2004. Retrieved March 19, 2012. 
  14. ^ Smith, Morgan (July 25, 2003). "Investors should take a closer look at Kosovo". Denver Business Journal. It was quite a change to arrive in Pristina, where the main street is named after Bill Clinton and my hotel, the Hotel Victory, has a replica of the Statue of Liberty built on its rooftop. 
  15. ^ "Vigsnes Mining Field". July 28, 2007. Retrieved March 19, 2012. 
  16. ^ Nesthus
  17. ^ Bergens Tidende – På spontanferie mellom himmel og hav (in Norwegian)
  18. ^ Landmark could return to skyline
  19. ^ Work begins on replacing statue
  20. ^ p. 4[dead link]
  21. ^ "Statue of Liberty replica in Coquitlam, BC on Google Street View". Retrieved 20 December 2015. 
  22. ^ a b c "Exhibitions: Replica of the Statue of Liberty: Other Statue of Liberty Replicas". "Brooklyn Museum website". Archived from the original on January 24, 2008. Retrieved February 17, 2008. 
  23. ^ Little Liberty – photographs and descriptions
  24. ^ Statue of Liberty—Liberty Warehouse – description, news item on statue's relocation
  25. ^ Brooklyn Museum to Install Monumental Statue of Liberty Replica, August 2005 Brooklyn Museum press release
  26. ^ Brooklyn Museum Nov–Dec 2005 "What's Happening" "recently installed" and "in the Spring of 2006 will undergo restoration on site in its new location."
  27. ^ "Statue de la Liberté: Elément 1 sur 11". Archived from the original on May 9, 2006. Retrieved June 1, 2006. 
  28. ^ Listing in guide to public art (Duluth replica)
  29. ^ Photograph in an online forum (Duluth replica)
  30. ^ Attoun, Marti (October 2007). "Little Sisters of Liberty". Scouting. Retrieved October 9, 2007. 
  31. ^ Attoun, Marti (September 29, 2007). "Restoring the Little Sisters of Lady Liberty". American Profile. Retrieved September 30, 2007. 
  32. ^ BSA Troop 101, Cheyenne, Wyoming Photos and locations of more than ninety of the replicas
  33. ^ Kusisto, Laura (October 12, 2011). "A New Lady Liberty Lands". Wall Street Journal. 
  34. ^ New York, New York Hotel and Casino, Las Vegas (visible in small image of their miniature New York facade)
  35. ^ Levine, Arthur. "Don't Make Mine Manhattan – Manhattan Express Roller Coaster, New York, New York Hotel & Casino, Las Vegas". 
  36. ^ "New York, Las Vegas – Things to Do". VirtualTourist. Archived from the original on November 23, 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-31. 
  37. ^ [1] Archived February 6, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
  38. ^ Allen, Johnathan (April 11, 2011). "Statue of Liberty postage stamp shows Las Vegas". Reuters. Retrieved April 11, 2011. 
  39. ^ "Sculptor sues Postal Service over "fake Liberty" stamp". December 3, 2013. Retrieved December 3, 2013. 
  40. ^ Statue of Liberty unveiling, Sioux Falls Parks and Recreation news
  41. ^ Birmingham Birmingham's Statue of Liberty With photos.
  42. ^ "Liberty Statue". "GA Architecture Studio". Archived from the original on January 6, 2009. Retrieved February 17, 2008. 
  43. ^ Roadside America website: Birmingham, Alabama – Statue of Liberty Replica
  44. ^ Liberty Building, Emporis architectural website, has image
  45. ^ Buffalo – Liberty Building, PlanetWare travel website
  46. ^ Scolforo, Mark (2004). "Master of props lends visual effects to memorable publicity campaigns". Associated Press. 
  47. ^ U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Susquehanna River Trail, "Dauphin Narrows/Statue of Liberty"
  48. ^ "R. Craig Kochel, personal website, image of the Stilp statue". Retrieved March 19, 2012. 
  49. ^ "Statue of Liberty Sculpture (#3450-1)". Peeron. Retrieved 2012-07-31. 
  50. ^ North County Times: Lady Liberty lowered in San Marcos
  51. ^
  52. ^ "Statue of Liberty Replica". Leisure and Sport Review. 2006. Retrieved October 7, 2006. 
  53. ^ "Digital Horizons "Statue of Liberty replica, Fargo, N.D."".  External link in |website= (help);
  54. ^ Belluck, Pam (November 20, 2004). "What's the Name of That Lake? It's Hard to Say". The New York Times. 
  55. ^ Roadside America Website Milwaukee, OR Statue of Liberty Replica
  56. ^
  57. ^ The history of the Bangu statue
  58. ^ "Quando o ferro virou arte - Revista de História". 2009-12-04. Retrieved 2012-07-31. [permanent dead link]
  59. ^ [2]
  60. ^ Osumi, Magdalena Floats make Oirase fest a treat September 26, 2013 Japan Times Retrieved October 4, 2015
  61. ^ MacLeod, Calum Public order still rules amid devastation in Japan March 16, 2011 USA Today Retrieved October 4, 2015
  62. ^ Sandy H. 何聖欣 (2007-08-30). "Sandy's Neipu Notebook: Statues of Liberty". Retrieved 2012-07-31. 
  63. ^ Vietnam Net article (Hanoi replica: in Vietnamese, with pictures)

External links[edit]