Replicas of the Statue of Liberty: Difference between revisions

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==France==
 
==France==
 
[[Image:paris.seine.liberty.500pix.jpg|right|thumb|200px|Statue of Liberty on the [[Île des Cygnes]], river Seine in Paris, France. Given to the city in 1889, it faces west, towards the original Liberty in New York Harbor.]]
 
[[Image:paris.seine.liberty.500pix.jpg|right|thumb|200px|Statue of Liberty on the [[Île des Cygnes]], river Seine in Paris, France. Given to the city in 1889, it faces west, towards the original Liberty in New York Harbor.]]
[[Image:Statue de la liberte.jpg|left|thumb|uipright|Model in [[Jardin du Luxembourg]], Paris]]
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[[Image:defnsdfjsakldfjklsdjfklasjfsdkljf;sStatue de la liberte.jpg|left|thumb|uipright|Model in [[Jardin du Luxembourg]], Paris]]
 
Two replicas of the Statue of Liberty are found in [[Paris]], France. One stands in the [[Jardin du Luxembourg]]: this is a bronze model that [[Frédéric Bartholdi|Bartholdi]] used in designing the New York statue;<!-- Considering the model was made before the Statue of Liberty, (New York), it is not, by definition, a replica) --> the artist offered it to the Luxembourg museum in 1900 and it was placed in the park in 1906<ref>As explained by the sign at the statue's foot.</ref>. The date written on this statue's tablet (where the New York statue has "JULY IV MDCCLXXVI") is "15 de novembre 1889" ([[November 15]], [[1889]]), the date at which the larger Parisian replica was inaugurated. This second Statue of Liberty in Paris is near the [[Pont de Grenelle|Grenelle Bridge]] on the [[Île des Cygnes]], an island in the river [[Seine]] ({{coord|48|51|0|N|2|16|47|E|}}, 11.50 m (37 feet 9 inches) high. Dedicated on [[November 15]], [[1889]], it looks towards the Atlantic Ocean and hence towards its "larger sister" in New York Harbor, which had been erected three years earlier. Its tablet bears two dates: "IV JUILLET 1776" ([[July 4]], [[1776]]: the [[United States Declaration of Independence]]) like the New York statue, and "XIV JUILLET 1789" ([[July 14]], [[1789]]: the [[storming of the Bastille]]). This statue is shown in the movie ''[[National Treasure: Book of Secrets]]'' as one of the historic locations.<!--Sourced in external links--->
 
Two replicas of the Statue of Liberty are found in [[Paris]], France. One stands in the [[Jardin du Luxembourg]]: this is a bronze model that [[Frédéric Bartholdi|Bartholdi]] used in designing the New York statue;<!-- Considering the model was made before the Statue of Liberty, (New York), it is not, by definition, a replica) --> the artist offered it to the Luxembourg museum in 1900 and it was placed in the park in 1906<ref>As explained by the sign at the statue's foot.</ref>. The date written on this statue's tablet (where the New York statue has "JULY IV MDCCLXXVI") is "15 de novembre 1889" ([[November 15]], [[1889]]), the date at which the larger Parisian replica was inaugurated. This second Statue of Liberty in Paris is near the [[Pont de Grenelle|Grenelle Bridge]] on the [[Île des Cygnes]], an island in the river [[Seine]] ({{coord|48|51|0|N|2|16|47|E|}}, 11.50 m (37 feet 9 inches) high. Dedicated on [[November 15]], [[1889]], it looks towards the Atlantic Ocean and hence towards its "larger sister" in New York Harbor, which had been erected three years earlier. Its tablet bears two dates: "IV JUILLET 1776" ([[July 4]], [[1776]]: the [[United States Declaration of Independence]]) like the New York statue, and "XIV JUILLET 1789" ([[July 14]], [[1789]]: the [[storming of the Bastille]]). This statue is shown in the movie ''[[National Treasure: Book of Secrets]]'' as one of the historic locations.<!--Sourced in external links--->
   

Revision as of 21:45, 22 February 2009

One of the 200 Lady Liberty statues donated by the Boy Scouts of America is located on Michigan’s Mackinac Island in historic Haldimand Bay

Hundreds of smaller replicas of the Statue of Liberty have been created worldwide. The classical appearance (Roman stola, sandals, facial expression) derives from Libertas, ancient Rome's goddess of freedom from slavery, oppression, and tyranny. Her raised right foot is on the move. This symbol of Liberty and Freedom is not standing still or at attention in the harbor, it is moving forward, as her left foot tramples broken|shackles]] at her feet, in symbolism of the United States' wish to be free from oppression and tyranny.[1] The seven spikes on the crown epitomize the Seven Seas and seven continents.[2] Her torch signifies enlightenment. The tablet in her hand represents knowledge and shows the date of the United States Declaration of Independence, July 4, 1776.

The general appearance of the statue’s head approximates the Roman Sun-god Apollo or the Greek Sun-god Helios as preserved on an ancient marble tablet (today in the Archaeological Museum of Corinth, Corinth, Greece) - Apollo was represented as a solar deity, dressed in a similar robe and having on its head a "radiate crown" with the seven spiked rays of the Helios-Apollo's sun rays, like the Statue's nimbus or halo. The ancient Colossus of Rhodes, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, was a statue of Helios with a radiate crown. The Colossus is referred to in the 1883 sonnet The New Colossus by Emma Lazarus. Lazarus' poem was later engraved on a bronze plaque and mounted inside the Statue of Liberty in 1903.

The statue, also known affectionately as "Lady Liberty", has become a symbol of freedom and democracy. She welcomed arriving immigrants, who could see the statue as they arrived in the United States. There is a version of the statue in France given by the United States in return.

France

Statue of Liberty on the Île des Cygnes, river Seine in Paris, France. Given to the city in 1889, it faces west, towards the original Liberty in New York Harbor.

Two replicas of the Statue of Liberty are found in Paris, France. One stands in the Jardin du Luxembourg: this is a bronze model that Bartholdi used in designing the New York statue; the artist offered it to the Luxembourg museum in 1900 and it was placed in the park in 1906[3]. The date written on this statue's tablet (where the New York statue has "JULY IV MDCCLXXVI") is "15 de novembre 1889" (November 15, 1889), the date at which the larger Parisian replica was inaugurated. This second Statue of Liberty in Paris is near the Grenelle Bridge on the Île des Cygnes, an island in the river Seine (48°51′0″N 2°16′47″E / 48.85000°N 2.27972°E / 48.85000; 2.27972, 11.50 m (37 feet 9 inches) high. Dedicated on November 15, 1889, it looks towards the Atlantic Ocean and hence towards its "larger sister" in New York Harbor, which had been erected three years earlier. Its tablet bears two dates: "IV JUILLET 1776" (July 4, 1776: the United States Declaration of Independence) like the New York statue, and "XIV JUILLET 1789" (July 14, 1789: the storming of the Bastille). This statue is shown in the movie National Treasure: Book of Secrets as one of the historic locations.

A life-size copy of the torch, Flame of Liberty, can be seen above the entrance to the Pont de l'Alma tunnel near the Champs Elysees in Paris. It was given to the city as a return gift in honor of the Centennial Celebration of the statue's dedication. Since it is above the Pont de l'Alma car tunnel in which Princess Diana died, the torch became an unofficial memorial to the Princess.[citation needed]

A third replica is the Bordeaux Statue of Liberty. This 2.5 m (8 ft) statue is in the city of Bordeaux in Southwest France. The first Bordeaux statue was seized and melted down by the Nazis in World War II. The statue was replaced in 2000 and a plaque was added to commemorate the victims of the September 11 terrorist attacks. On the night of March 25, 2003, unknown vandals poured red paint and gasoline on the replica and set it on fire. The vandals also cracked the pedestal of the plaque. The mayor of Bordeaux, former prime minister Alain Juppé, condemned the attack.

There is a fourth replica in the northwest of France, in the small town of Barentin near Rouen. It was made for a French movie, Le Cerveau ("the brain"), directed by Gérard Oury and featuring actors Jean-Paul Belmondo and Bourvil.[4]

A fifth replica is located in the center of the town Saint-Cyr-sur-Mer near Marseilles, France.[5][6]

A 12 m (39 ft 4 in) replica of the Statue of Liberty in Colmar, the city of Bartholdi's birth, was dedicated on July 4, 2004 to commemorate the 100th anniversary of his death. It stands at the north entrance of the city.[7][8] The Bartholdi Museum in Colmar contains numerous models of various sizes made by Bartholdi during the process of designing the statue.[9]

United States

From 1902 to 2002, visitors to Midtown Manhattan were occasionally disoriented by what seemed to be an impossibly nearby view of the statue. They were seeing a 30-foot (9.1 m) high replica located at 43 West 64th Street atop the Liberty Warehouse.[10][11] In February 2002 the statue was removed by the building's owners to allow the building to be expanded.[12] It was donated to the Brooklyn Museum of Art which installed it in its sculpture garden on October 2005, and plans to restore it on site in spring of 2006.[13][14]

File:Statue of Liberty New York Las Vegas.jpg
Replica of the Statue of Liberty, Las Vegas

A bronze sculpture of the Statue of Liberty is on display in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City.[15]

Duluth, Minnesota, has a small copy on the west side of the Duluth Entertainment Convention Center, in the center of a clearing surrounded by pine trees where it may be passed unnoticed. It was presented to the city by some of Bartholdi's descendants residing in Duluth.[16][17]

The Boy Scouts of America celebrated their fortieth anniversary in 1950 with the theme of "Strengthen the Arm of Liberty".[18] Between 1949 and 1952, approximately two hundred 100-inch (2.5 m) replicas of the statue, made of stamped copper, were purchased by Boy Scout troops and donated in 39 states in the U.S. and several of its possessions and territories. The project was the brainchild of Kansas City businessman, J.P. Whitaker, who was then Scout Commissioner of the Kansas City Area Council. The copper statues were manufactured by Friedley-Voshardt Co. (Chicago, IL) and purchased through the Kansas City Boy Scout office by those wanting one. The statues are approximately 8 1/2 feet tall without the base, constructed of sheet copper, weigh 290 pounds, and originally cost $350 plus freight. The mass-produced statues are not great art nor meticulously accurate (a conservator notes that "her face isn't as mature as the real Liberty. It's rounder and more like a little girl's"), but they are cherished, particularly since 9/11. Many have been lost or destroyed, but preservationists have been able to account for about a hundred of them, and BSA Troop 101 of Cheyenne, Wyoming has collected photographs of over 100 of them.[19][20]

There is a half-size replica at the New York-New York Hotel & Casino in Las Vegas, Nevada.[21][22][23][24] Another smaller replica stands in Las Vegas, on West Sahara Avenue. The pedestal once housed a local business, Statue of Liberty Pizza. Today it advertises Liberty Tax Service, a tax preparation firm.

The city of Sioux Falls, South Dakota erected a replacement bronze reproduction standing 9 ft (2.7 m) tall in McKennan Park atop the original pedestal for a long-missing wooden replica.[25]

"Liberty Enlightening the World" replica in Birmingham, Alabama.

A 36-foot (11 m) tall bronze replica, accurately based on Bartholdi's "Liberty Enlightening the World", stands in Vestavia Hills, a suburb of Birmingham, Alabama. It was cast in 1956 at the Société Antoine Durenne foundry in Somerville Haut Marne, France for placement in 1958 atop the Liberty National Life Insurance Company Building in downtown Birmingham.[10] It was relocated and placed on a 60-foot (18 m) tall granite pedestal adjacent to Interstate 459 in 1989.[26][27][28]

Two 30-foot (9.1 m) copper replicas stand atop the Liberty National Bank Building[10] in Buffalo, New York, nearly 108 m (354 ft) above street level.[29][30]

A 25 ft (7.6 m) tall replica sits on the ruins of the late Marysville Bridge (erected on a platform (pier)) in the Dauphin Narrows of Susquehanna River north of Harrisburg. The replica was built by a local activist Gene Stilp on July 2, 1986; it was made of venetian blinds and stood 18 feet (5.5 m) tall. Six years later, after it was destroyed in a windstorm, it was rebuilt by Stilp and other local citizens, of wood, metal, glass and fiberglass, to a height of 25 feet (7.6 m).[31][32][33]

File:Legoland Liberty.JPG
Statue of Liberty replica at Legoland California

A Lego replica of the Statue of Liberty consisting of 2882 bricks and standing 0.9 m (3 ft) is a popular sculpture among Lego enthusiasts. The statue went out of production, but due to popular demand was returned to sale. (See External links below).[34] A much larger replica built entirely in Lego can be seen in Legoland Billund.[citation needed] A smaller version of the Billund model is on display at the Legoland California amusement park.

A 25-foot (7.6 m) replica of the Statue, lofting a Christian cross, holding the Ten Commandments, and named the "Statue of Liberation through Christ", was erected by a predominantly African-American church in Memphis, Tennessee on July 4, 2006. [35]

A small replica stands on the grounds of the Cherokee Capitol Building in Tahlequah, Oklahoma, a gift from the local Boy Scouts in 1950.[36]

There is a 6-foot tall replica in Lebanon, Tennessee, near the southwest corner of the intersection of East Main Street and South College Street.

Fargo, North Dakota also has a replica of the statue of liberty on the corner of Main Ave. & 2nd Street at the entrance of the Main avenue bridge. [37]

The Kansas State Capitol in Topeka, Kansas has a replica of the Statue of Liberty.

There is a replica on the shoreline of Lake Chaubunagungamaug in Webster, Massachusetts.[38]

In order to promote the 2008 Major League Baseball All-Star Game at Yankee Stadium, the city of New York has 42 different 8'6" Statue of Liberty replicas, each in different locations in the city (34 outdoors, 8 indoors). Each is uniquely designed with different team colors and logos, along with several ones with the All-Star Game logo or different New York landmarks. This is similar to what was done with the cows in Chicago, the crabs in Baltimore, the angels in Los Angeles, and the Mr. Potato Head's in the state of Rhode Island. 9" replicas can be bought of the larger replicas.

There is one also on Alki Beach, in Seattle, WA.

Elsewhere

Replica of the Statue displayed at Karmøy, Norway.
Statue of Liberty replica at Odaiba, overlooking the Rainbow Bridge in Tokyo Bay
Statue of Liberty replica in the village of Arraba, Israel

From 1887 to 1945, Hanoi was home to another copy of the statue. Measuring 2.85 m (9 ft 4 in) tall, it was erected by the French colonial government after being sent from France for an exhibition. It was known to locals unaware of its history as Tượng Bà đầm xòe (Statue of the Open-Dress Dame). When the French lost control of French Indochina during World War II, the statue was toppled on August 1, 1945 after being deemed a vestige of the colonial government along with other statues erected by the French.[39]

During the Tiananmen Square protest of 1989, Chinese student demonstrators in Beijing built a 10 m (33 ft) image called the Goddess of Democracy, which sculptor Tsao Tsing-yuan said was intentionally dissimilar to the Statue of Liberty to avoid being "too openly pro-American." (See article for a list of replicas of that statue.)

In 1897 a 123 cm (4 ft 0 in) replica in iron and bronze was erected in Cenicero, Spain, to honor local fighters during the First Carlist War.

In 1936 it was removed during the dictatorship of Francisco Franco. It was restored in 1976 and moved indoor in 1997 because of deterioration, and a new bronze statue replaced it in the original plaza.[40]

In Japan, the French Statue of Liberty came to Odaiba, the beach area of Tokyo since April 1998 until May 1999 in commemoration of "The French year in Japan". Because of its popularity, in 2000, a replica of the French Statue of Liberty was erected at the same place (Photo). Also in Japan, a small Statue of Liberty is in the Amerika-mura (American Village) shopping district in Osaka, Japan. Another one is located in a small town outside of Misawa, Japan where the United States has a USAF base with 8000 military members.

In Buenos Aires,Argentina there is a small replica in Barrancas De Belgrano Square, acquired by Argentina to France.

In Lima, Peru the New York casino in the Jesus Maria District has a small replica in the main entrance. The whole casino is a tribute to the state of New York and the USA.

A smaller replica is in the Norwegian village of Visnes, where the copper used in the original statue was mined.[41]

A replica stands atop the Hotel Victory in Priština, Kosovo.[42]

A replica stands in front of New York City Center, a shoopping in Barra da Tijuca, State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazilian Federation.

In Minimundus, a miniature park located at the Wörthersee in Carinthia, Austria is another replica of the Statue of Liberty.[43]

There is also a small replica located at RAF Lakenheath at the base flag plaza, made from leftover copper from original.[44]

At a highway intersection in Jerusalem called "New York Square," there is an abstract skeletal replica of the Statue.[citation needed]

A 35 m (115 ft) copy is in the German Heidepark Soltau theme park, located on a lake with cruising Mississippi steamboats. It weighs 28 tonnes (31 short tons), is made of plastic foam on a steel frame with polyester cladding, and was designed by the Dutch artist Gerla Spee.[45]

Camp John Hay, a former US base in the Baguio City (Philippines), also has a small replica of the statue near the amphitheater.

A 30-foot replica can also be seen at the Westfield Marion shopping complex in Adelaide, South Australia.

A 17-foot, 3.4 ton replica stood atop the Liberty Shoe factory in Leicester, England until 2003 when the building was demolished. The statue, which dates back to the 1920s, has since been in storage, however as of December 2008 is has now been restored upon a pedistal near Liberty Park Halls of Residence, Eastern Boulevard.[46][47]


A 15 feet high replica of the statue of liberty is seen in the western entrance to the village of Arraba in Israel, near a local restaurant.

A 10 feet high replica is situated on the stairwell of a bowling alley building in Warrington, England. It used to be above the entrance of a restaurant nearby.

There are at least two Statue of Liberty replicas (greater than 30 feet) in Taiwan. These two statues are in the cities of Keelung and Taipei. Here are two photos for reference. A replica of the torch was created for the 1968 film,Planet of the Apes, for the last scene, and the torch was later sent to be in the last episode of Lost in Space, titled "Junkyard of Space".

External links

References

  1. ^ Fun Facts
  2. ^ USIA. "Portrait of the USA: The Statue of Liberty". Retrieved 2006-05-29. 
  3. ^ As explained by the sign at the statue's foot.
  4. ^ "Les Statues dans le monde". Retrieved 2006-05-28. : image and description of the Barentin replica from the personal website of a Statue of Liberty enthusiast
  5. ^ Paul Lewis (2006-06-29). "France Celebrates Mlle. Liberté". Retrieved 2006-05-28. But from Oct. 14 to 18, the little Mediterranean town of St. Cyr-sur-Mer, near Marseilles, which has its own Statue of Liberty, plans celebrations to coincide with the true anniversary of the statue's unveiling in New York. 
  6. ^ "Les Statues dans le monde". Retrieved 2006-05-28. : image and description of the Saint Cyr Sur Mer replicat from the personal website of a Statue of Liberty enthusiast
  7. ^ http://www.endex.com/gf/buildings/liberty/worldstatues/liberties/Colmar/LibertyColmar.htm Statue of Freedom], Colmar, Alsace, France, Birthplace of Auguste Bartholdi. Gary Feuerstein, personal website
  8. ^ Another Statue of Liberty, Colmar, France. Internationalliving.com website.
  9. ^ Construction of the Statue, National Park Service Historical Handbook
  10. ^ a b c ""Exhibitions: Replica of the Statue of Liberty: Other Statue of Liberty Replicas"". "Brooklyn Museum website". Retrieved 2008-02-17. 
  11. ^ Little Liberty – photographs and descriptions
  12. ^ Statue of Liberty—Liberty Warehouse – description, news item on statue's relocation
  13. ^ http://www.brooklynmuseum.org/press/pr/2005_08_statue_of_liberty.pdf Brooklyn Museum to Install Monumental Statue of Liberty Replica], August, 2005 Brooklyn Museum press release
  14. ^ Brooklyn Museum Nov-Dec 2005 "What's Happening" "recently installed" and "in the Spring of 2006 will undergo restoration on site in its new location."
  15. ^ Insecula.com. ""Statue de la Liberté: Elément 1 sur 11"". Retrieved 2006-06-01. 
  16. ^ Listing in guide to public art (Deluth replica)
  17. ^ Photograph in an online forum (Duluth replica)
  18. ^ Attoun, Marti (2007). "Little Sisters of Liberty". Scouting. Retrieved 2007-10-09.  Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  19. ^ Attoun, Marti (September 29, 2007). "Restoring the Little Sisters of Lady Liberty". American Profile. Retrieved 2007-09-30. 
  20. ^ BSA Troop 101, Cheyenne, Wyoming Photos and locations of more than ninety of the replicas
  21. ^ New York, New York Hotel and Casino, Las Vegas (visible in small image of their miniature New York facade)
  22. ^ Levine, Arthur: "Don't Make Mine Manhattan--Manhattan Express Roller Coaster, New York, New York Hotel & Casino, Las Vegas"[1] (Unfavorable review of roller-coaster ends "To be fair, the sight of the coaster careening around Lady Liberty, particularly at night, is striking. My advice: skip the ride, and watch it from the Strip for free."
  23. ^ "New York, New York" ("Virtual Tourist's" visitor review)[2] (Small image of statue)
  24. ^ "Vegasworld.com"[3] (Larger images)
  25. ^ Statue of Liberty unveiling, Sioux Falls Parks and Recreation news
  26. ^ Birmingham Online.com Birmingham's Statue of Liberty With photos.
  27. ^ ""Liberty Statue"". "GA Architecture Studio". Retrieved 2008-02-17. 
  28. ^ Roadside America website: Birmingham, Alabama - Statue of Liberty Replica
  29. ^ Liberty Building, Emporis architectural website, has image
  30. ^ Buffalo - Liberty Building, PlanetWare travel website
  31. ^ Scolforo, Mark (2004). "Master of props lends visual effects to memorable publicity campaigns". Associated Press. 
  32. ^ U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Susquehanna River Trail, "Dauphin Narrows/Statue of Liberty"
  33. ^ R. Craig Kochel, personal website, image of the Stilp statue[4]
  34. ^ Lego Set Reference Lego replica
  35. ^ Untitled Document
  36. ^ "Statue of Liberty Replica". Leisure and Sport Review. 2006. Retrieved 2006-10-07. 
  37. ^ Photo Gallery
  38. ^ Belluck, Pam (November 20, 2004), "What's the Name of That Lake? It's Hard to Say", The New York Times  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  39. ^ Vietnam Net article (Hanoi replica: in Vietnamese, with pictures)
  40. ^ `Estatua de la Libertad.
  41. ^ Vigsnes Mining Field
  42. ^ Smith, Morgan (July 25, 2003). "Investors should take a closer look at Kosovo". Denver Business Journal. It was quite a change to arrive in Pristina, where the main street is named after Bill Clinton and my hotel, the Hotel Victory, has a replica of the Statue of Liberty built on its rooftop.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  43. ^ Minimundus replica
  44. ^ page 4
  45. ^ Map of Heidepark Soltau park, showing lake and statue. For a more detailed view: at [5], click on "Heide Park;" in the popup window entitled "Willkommen im Heide-Park" click on the British flag at top left, "Map" at bottom left, and the statue itself shown in a pond near the center of the map. The flattering description speaks of America. Land of unlimited opportunity. Where everything is just that little bit bigger than anywhere else. And higher and wider and faster.
  46. ^ [6]. Landmark could return to skyline
  47. ^ [7]. Work begins on replacing statue