Representation of a Lie superalgebra
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In the mathematical field of representation theory, a representation of a Lie superalgebra is an action of Lie superalgebra L on a Z2-graded vector space V, such that if A and B are any two pure elements of L and X and Y are any two pure elements of V, then
Equivalently, a representation of L is a Z2-graded representation of the universal enveloping algebra of L which respects the third equation above.
Unitary representation of a star Lie superalgebra
A unitary representation of such a Lie algebra is a Z2 graded Hilbert space which is a representation of a Lie superalgebra as above together with the requirement that self-adjoint elements of the Lie superalgebra are represented by Hermitian transformations.
This is a major concept in the study of supersymmetry together with representation of a Lie superalgebra on an algebra. Say A is an *-algebra representation of the Lie superalgebra (together with the additional requirement that * respects the grading and L[a]*=-(-1)LaL*[a*]) and H is the unitary rep and also, H is a unitary representation of A.
These three reps are all compatible if for pure elements a in A, |ψ> in H and L in the Lie superalgebra,
Sometimes, the Lie superalgebra is embedded within A in the sense that there is a homomorphism from the universal enveloping algebra of the Lie superalgebra to A. In that case, the equation above reduces to
This approach avoids working directly with a Lie supergroup, and hence avoids the use of auxiliary Grassmann numbers.
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