Representation of the People Act 1983
|Long title||An Act to consolidate the Representation of the People Acts of 1949, 1969, 1977, 1978 and 1980, the Electoral Registers Acts of 1949 and 1953, the Elections (Welsh Forms) Act 1964, Part III of the Local Government Act 1972, sections 6 to 10 of the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973, the Representation of the People (Armed Forces) Act 1976, the Returning Officers (Scotland) Act 1977, section 3 of the Representation of the People Act 1981, section 62 of and Schedule 2 to the Mental Health (Amendment) Act 1982, and connected provisions; and to repeal as obsolete the Representation of the People Act 1979 and other enactments related to the Representation of the People Acts.|
|Chapter||1983 c. 2|
|Territorial extent||United Kingdom|
|Royal Assent||8 February 1983|
|Official text of the Representation of the People Act 1983 as in force today (including any amendments) within the United Kingdom, from the UK Statute Law Database|
- Amended the Representation of the People Act 1969.
- Stated that a convicted person cannot vote at any parliamentary or local election whilst in prison.
- Laid down the appeals process in local elections
The Act also regulates how political parties and people acting on their behalf are to behave before and during an election.
- 1 Election expenses
- 2 Publicity at parliamentary elections
- 3 Election meetings
- 4 Agency by election officials and canvassing by police officers
- 5 Conveyance of voters to and from the poll
- 6 Other illegal practices, payments, employments or hirings
- 7 Parliamentary election rules
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Sections 72 to 90 control the total election expenses that can be spent on behalf of a candidate.
During the time limit of the election, all money spent on the promotion of a candidate must be authorised by his election agent. This includes the cost of holding public meetings, organising public displays, issuing advertisements, circulars, or otherwise presenting the candidate's views and the extent or nature of his backing or disparaging another candidate. It does not include travel expenses from home or similar personal expenses.
The expenses limit for the campaign (which is enforceable due to it all having to be authorised by one person) is £100,000 for a parliamentary by-election, but is approximately £5,483 plus either 6.2p or 4.6p for every registered voter in the district.
Publicity at parliamentary elections
Sections 91 to 94 entitle the candidate to one free mailshot of election material to all voters in the constituency. It is also illegal to print fake polling cards.
Sections 95 to 98 entitle the candidate to hold public meetings free of charge in schools and other public buildings in the constituency, and pay only the cost price for making the rooms available.
Agency by election officials and canvassing by police officers
Sections 99 makes it illegal for officers in charge of administering an election to be involved in any of the election campaigns.
Section 100 forbids a police officer from canvassing in any election which overlaps with his police area.
Conveyance of voters to and from the poll
Sections 101 to 105 made it illegal to hire or lend taxis and buses to give lifts of voters to the ballot box. These sections were repealed by Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000
Other illegal practices, payments, employments or hirings
False statements as to candidates
Section 106 makes it illegal to publish any false statement of fact in relation to the candidate's personal character or conduct, unless he can show that he had reasonable grounds for believing that statement to be true. It is also illegal to publish a false statement of a candidate's withdrawal from an election.
In September 2007 Miranda Grell was found guilty under this section when she made allegations of paedophilia and having sex with teenage boys against her gay opponent during the United Kingdom local elections, 2006. Convictions under this law are so rare that this was thought to be the first.
In November 2010, Labour MP Phil Woolas was found by an electoral court to have breached section 106. The judges ruled that a by-election for the seat should be held. Woolas said that he would apply for a judicial review into the ruling. In a statement released through his lawyer, Woolas stated that "this election petition raised fundamental issues about the freedom to question and criticise politicians" and that it "will inevitably chill political speech". The judicial review failed to overturn the ruling of the election court.
Corrupt withdrawal from candidature
Section 107 makes it illegal to bribe a candidate to withdraw from an election.
Premises not to be used as committee rooms
Section 108 made it illegal to hire a room in a pub for holding a campaign committee meeting. This section was repealed by the Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000.
Payments for exhibition of election notices
Section 109 said that you couldn't hire special advertising spaces (e.g. on the sides of houses) for displaying campaign posters, unless it was an ordinary advertising billboard used for normal advertising.
Details to appear on election publications
Section 110 states that any material, leaflet or advertisement for a candidate in an election must include the names and addresses of the printer, the promoter, and the person on behalf of whom the material is being published.
In December 2008 a Liverpool City Liberal Democrats Councillor was found guilty under this section for delivering leaflets during the United Kingdom local elections, 2007 purporting to be on behalf of The United Socialist Party (but lacking the necessary names and addresses) attacking the Labour candidate for crossing a picket line during a strike, and his wife (who is a sitting councillor) of leaving council meetings early to learn lap dancing.
Parliamentary election rules
Schedule 1 of the Act lays out in complete form the rules for running a parliamentary election and how the nomination papers should be handled.
- "Court examines Labour Muslim slur election leaflet". BBC News. 30 June 2010. Retrieved 13 September 2010. "The election court will focus on whether the leaflet and a newsletter breached the 1983 Representation of the People Act. Under the act, anyone involved in an election campaign who "makes or publishes any false statement of fact in relation to the candidate's personal character or conduct" has committed an offence."
- Ahmed, Murad (22 September 2007). "Labour rising star found guilty of smearing her election rival". London: The Times. Retrieved 22 May 2010.
- Anthony Hook (31 December 2007). "Miranda Grell: NOT the only case prosecuted".
- "Judges order election re-run". BBC News. 2010-11-05.
- "BBC News - Judges order election rerun in ex-minister's seat". Bbc.co.uk. 2010-09-14. Retrieved 2010-11-05.
- Polly Curtis, Whitehall correspondent (5 November 2010). "Phil Woolas immigration leaflets case: high court orders election rerun in Oldham East | Politics | guardian.co.uk". London: Guardian. Retrieved 2010-11-05.
- Adam Wagner, Guardian Legal Network (3 December 2010). "Court clarifies constitutional role in Woolas decision | Politics | guardian.co.uk". London: Guardian. Retrieved 2011-01-07.
- "Liverpool councillor Steve Hurst found guilty of breaching electoral law". Liverpool Daily Post. 2 December 2008.
- Official text of the Representation of the People Act 1983 as in force today (including any amendments) within the United Kingdom, from the UK Statute Law Database