|Parent company||Warner Music Group|
|Distributor(s)||Warner Bros. Records
(in the USA)
Warner Music Group
(outside the USA)
|Country of origin||U.S.|
Reprise Records // is an American major record label, founded in 1960 by Frank Sinatra. It was mostly inactive from 1976 to 1987. It is owned by Warner Music Group, and operates through Warner Bros. Records.
Reprise Records was formed in 1960 by Frank Sinatra in order to allow more artistic freedom for his own recordings. Hence, he garnered the nickname "The Chairman of the Board". Having left Capitol/EMI, and after trying to buy Norman Granz's Verve Records, the first album Sinatra released on Reprise was Ring-a-Ding-Ding! As CEO of Reprise, Sinatra recruited several artists for the fledgling label, such as fellow Rat Pack members Dean Martin and Sammy Davis, Jr. The original roster from 1961 to 1963 included Bing Crosby, Jo Stafford, Rosemary Clooney, Nancy Sinatra, Esquivel and stand-up comedian Redd Foxx. The label still issues any Sinatra work recorded while on the label and, after his death in 1998, it had great success with his greatest hits collections.
One of the label's founding principles under Sinatra's leadership was that each artist would have full creative freedom, and at some point complete ownership of their work, including publishing rights. This is the reason why recordings of early Reprise artists (Dean Martin, Jimi Hendrix, the Kinks, etc.) are (in most cases) currently distributed through other labels. In Martin's case, his Reprise recordings were out of print for nearly 20 years before a deal was struck with Capitol Records.
Sold to Warner Bros.
In 1963, Warner Bros began pressing the Reprise records as a favor to Frank Sinatra from friend Jack Warner - the reason the Reprise LP's state "A Product of Warner Bros" at the bottom of the label. This was the only involvement Warner Bros had with Reprise Records at the time until 1968. Frank Sinatra sold Reprise to Warner Bros in 1968 yet retained a 20% interest in the company. Many of the older artists were dropped when Sinatra sold the label to Warner Bros. Records in early 1968. Reprise president Mo Ostin was retained as the head of the label and he went on to play a very significant role in the history of the Warner group of labels over the next four decades. Warner-Reprise executives began targeting younger acts, beginning by securing the American distribution rights to the Pye Records recordings by the Kinks in 1964. Reprise would later add teen-oriented pop acts like Dino, Desi & Billy and Frank's own daughter Nancy Sinatra, before moving almost exclusively to pop-oriented music in the late 1960s.
Through direct signings or distribution deals, the Reprise roster grew to include Lee Hazlewood, Jill Jackson, Jimi Hendrix, the early Joni Mitchell recordings, Neil Young, the Electric Prunes, Donna Loren, Arlo Guthrie, Norman Greenbaum, Tom Lehrer, Tiny Tim, Ry Cooder, Captain Beefheart, Family, the early 1970s recordings by Frank Zappa and the Mothers, Gram Parsons, Emmylou Harris, Nico's Desertshore, the Fugs, Jethro Tull, Pentangle, T. Rex, the Meters, John Cale, Gordon Lightfoot, Michael Franks, Richard Pryor, Al Jarreau, Fleetwood Mac, Fanny, and the Beach Boys.
In 1976, the Reprise label was deactivated by Warner Brothers and all of its roster (except Frank Sinatra and Neil Young) was moved to the main Warner Bros. label. An unconfirmed explanation for this move is that Sinatra wanted to be the only artist on Reprise, and Young is said to have been the only Reprise act who refused to agree to a change in labels.. Although older catalog albums continued to be manufactured with the Reprise logo, and albums by the Beach Boys on Brother Records were issued in the Reprise catalog numbering sequence, aside from Sinatra and Young (and the Sylvia Syms album Syms by Sinatra, which Sinatra conducted and co-produced) there were no new releases on Reprise for years.
Revival and Reprise today
In late 1985, some copies of the Dream Academy's hit single Life in a Northern Town were pressed with Warner Bros. labels bearing a Reprise logo. 1986 saw releases bearing Reprise labels from the Dream Academy as well as Dwight Yoakam. In the summer of 1987, Warner Bros. Records chairman Mo Ostin and label president Lenny Waronker officially announced the reactivation of Reprise, including its own separate promotions department, and former Warner Bros. Vice President of Promotion Rich Fitzgerald was appointed as label Vice-President. In the time since, Warner Bros. has often elevated the stature of Reprise to the rank of secondary parent label, as many of its subsidiary labels (such as Straight and Kinetic) have had their records released in conjunction with Reprise.
Today, in addition to Young, it is home to such artists as Devendra Banhart, Green Day, Deftones, Michael Bublé, Iyaz, Enya, Mastodon, Eric Clapton, Fleetwood Mac, Serj Tankian, Josh Groban, Charice, Cavo, Taking Back Sunday, HIM (also on Sire), My Chemical Romance and Disturbed. Reprise was also the North American label for British bands Depeche Mode and Oasis.
It was formerly home to the Jimi Hendrix and the Barenaked Ladies' catalogs in the U.S.. When the Bee Gees back catalog was remastered by Rhino Records in the 2000s, their CDs were issued under the Reprise label (they appeared on sister labels Atco and Warner Bros. in the past).
Neil Young stated in a documentary about his life that Charles Manson was turned down by Reprise.
In 2010, Reprise opened a country music division, operating as part of Warner Music Group Nashville, featuring Blake Shelton, the JaneDear Girls, Michelle Branch and Frankie Ballard as part of its roster.
In September 2011, several layoffs took place at Reprise Records and other Warner labels.
Reprise Records artists
- 143 Records (1999–present)
- Bizarre Records (1968–1972)
- Big Brother Records (2008–present)
- BME Recordings (2004–present)
- Brother Records (1970-1977)
- Chrysalis Records (1969–1972)
- Cold Chillin' Records (1988–1993; select releases)
- DiscReet Records (1973–1979)
- Elementree Records (1995–2000)
- Giant Records (1990–2000; select releases)
- Grand Jury Records (1990–1993)
- In Bloom Records (1998–2000)
- Kinetic Records (1992–2000)
- Straight Records (1968–1972)
- Sire Records (1977–2000: select releases)
- Vapor Records (1995–present; current status unknown)
- (1960–1968) Independent
- (1968–1969) Warner Bros.-Seven Arts
- (1969–1972) Kinney National Company
- (1972–1990) Warner Communications
- (1990–2001) Time Warner
- (2001–2003) AOL Time Warner
- (2003–2004) Time Warner
- (2004–present) Warner Music Group
- Edwards, David. "Reprise Records Story". Retrieved May 21, 2013.
- Reprise Records story.
- John Ward (December 11, 1990). "The Chairman of the Board hits another quarter century". The Tech.
- Giles, Jeff. "To Play and Play Again: How Frank Sinatra's Thirst for Creative Freedom Led to Some of Classic Rock's Greatest Records". ultimateclassicrock.com. Diffuser Network. Retrieved 2016-08-02.
- "The Dream Academy - Life In A Northern Town".
- "Reprise Label Discography - USA - Page 27 - 45cat".
- "Reprise Recs".
- "Warner Music Nashville Official Website". Warner Music Nashville Official Website. Retrieved May 8, 2016.
- "Updated: Layoffs At Warner Bros./Reprise".