Republic Airlines (1979–1986)

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This article is about the Republic Airlines that was founded in 1979, and purchased by Northwest Airlines. For the Republic Airlines that is currently operating, see Republic Airlines.
Republic Airlines
RepublicAirlinesLogo1980s.png
IATA ICAO Callsign
RC REP REPUBLIC
Founded July 1, 1979
Ceased operations September 30, 1986
(merged with Northwest)
Hubs
Focus cities
Frequent-flyer program Perks Program
Fleet size 171
Company slogan Nobody Serves Our Republic Like Republic
Headquarters Minneapolis-St. Paul
International Airport

Fort Snelling, Minnesota
Republic Airlines
Industry aviation
Fate purchased
Predecessor North Central Airlines
Southern Airways
Hughes Airwest
Successor Northwest Airlines
Founded July 1, 1979
Defunct September 30, 1986
Headquarters Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.
Republic Airlines Convair 580 in 1979

Republic Airlines (IATA: RCICAO: REPCall sign: REPUBLIC) was a United States airline formed by the merger of North Central Airlines and Southern Airways on July 1, 1979. Their headquarters were at Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport, in what is now Fort Snelling in unincorporated Hennepin County, Minnesota.[1][2] The former headquarters is now Delta Air Lines Building C.[3]

History[edit]

Republic Airlines began in 1979 with the merger of North Central Airlines and Southern Airways,[4] the first under airline deregulation.[5] The new airline's headquarters were at Minneapolis-Saint Paul International Airport, though their largest hub was at Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport. Following their buyout of Hughes Airwest in 1980,[6][7] Republic became the largest airline in the U.S. by number of airports served. They operated the world's largest Douglas DC-9 fleet, with DC-9-10, DC-9-30 and DC-9-50s and also flew Boeing 727-200, Boeing 757-200 and McDonnell Douglas MD-80 jets. In addition, Republic operated Convair 580 turboprops previously flown by North Central.[8] After the merger, losses mounted[9] and service reductions followed.[10] Saddled with debt from two acquisitions and new aircraft, the airline struggled in the early 1980s,[11][12][13] and even introduced a human mascot version of Herman the Duck.[14][15] They reduced service to Phoenix, a former hub of Hughes Airwest, citing their inability to compete with non-union airlines there [16] and eventually dismantled the former extensive route system operated by Hughes Airwest in the western U.S.[17]

Northwest Airlines[edit]

In 1986 Northwest Orient Airlines announced on January 23 that they would buy Republic for $884 million[9][18] in response to United Airlines' purchase of the Pacific routes of Pan American World Airways and to provide domestic feed.[19] Opposed by the Justice Department,[20] the Northwest-Republic merger was approved by the Transportation Department on July 31[21][22] and was completed on October 1, with Northwest dropping the word Orient from their name after the merger.[23] Republic's hubs at Minneapolis, Memphis, and Detroit became the backbone of Northwest's domestic network.

Despite Northwest's efforts to remove all Republic imagery, it is still possible to find a few Republic logos at Minneapolis-Saint Paul International Airport and Memphis International Airport. The logos can no longer be seen at Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport because Northwest's old terminal has been demolished. Northwest later merged with Delta Air Lines in 2008; the deal was finalized in January 2010, with Delta as the surviving air carrier.

Fleet[edit]

Destinations in 1986[edit]

According to the Republic Airlines system route map dated March 2, 1986, the airline was serving the following domestic and international destinations shortly before the merger with Northwest Airlines:[24]

Domestic[edit]

Alabama

  • Birmingham
  • Huntsville/Decatur
  • Mobile
  • Montgomery

Arizona

  • Phoenix (PHX) (previously a hub immediately following the acquisition of Hughes Airwest in 1980) [25]
  • Tucson

Arkansas

  • Little Rock

California

  • Los Angeles (LAX) (previously a hub immediately following the acquisition of Hughes Airwest in 1980) [26]
  • Orange County (SNA, now John Wayne Airport)
  • Sacramento
  • San Diego
  • San Francisco (SFO) (previously a hub immediately following the acquisition of Hughes Airwest in 1980) [27]

Colorado

  • Denver

Connecticut

  • Hartford

Florida

  • Fort Lauderdale
  • Fort Walton Beach
  • Miami
  • Orlando (MCO) (previously a focus city immediately following the merger of North Central Airlines and Southern Airways in 1979) [28]
  • Panama City
  • Sarasota
  • Tampa

Georgia

  • Atlanta (ATL) (previously a hub immediately following the merger of North Central Airlines and Southern Airways in 1979 but no longer a hub in 1986) [29]

Illinois

  • Chicago O'Hare Airport (ORD) (previously a hub immediately following the merger of North Central Airlines and Southern Airways in 1979) [30]

Indiana

  • Fort Wayne
  • Indianapolis
  • South Bend

Iowa

  • Cedar Rapids
  • Des Moines

Kansas

  • Wichita

Kentucky

  • Louisville

Louisiana

  • Baton Rouge
  • New Orleans (MSY) (previously a focus city immediately following the merger of North Central Airlines and Southern Airways in 1979) [31]
  • Shreveport

Maryland

  • Baltimore

Massachusetts

  • Boston

Michigan

  • Detroit (DTW) - Hub
  • Grand Rapids
  • Kalamazoo
  • Saginaw

Minnesota

  • Duluth
  • Hibbing
  • International Falls
  • Minneapolis/Saint Paul (MSP) - Hub & airline headquarters
  • Rochester

Mississippi

  • Gulfport/Biloxi
  • Pascagoula - served via Mobile, AL

Missouri

  • Kansas City
  • Saint Louis

Nebraska

  • Omaha

Nevada

  • Las Vegas (LAS) (previously a hub immediately following the acquisition of Hughes Airwest in 1980) [32]

New York

North Dakota

  • Bismarck
  • Fargo
  • Grand Forks
  • Minot

Ohio

  • Akron/Canton
  • Cincinnati
  • Cleveland
  • Columbus
  • Dayton

Oklahoma

  • Oklahoma City
  • Tulsa

Oregon

  • Portland

Pennsylvania

  • Erie
  • Philadelphia
  • Pittsburgh

South Dakota

  • Rapid City
  • Sioux Falls

Tennessee

  • Chattanooga
  • Knoxville
  • Memphis (MEM) - Hub
  • Nashville

Texas

Utah

  • Salt Lake City (SLC) (previously a focus city immediately following the acquisition of Hughes Airwest in 1980) [33]

Washington, D.C.

Washington state

  • Seattle (SEA) (previously a hub immediately following the acquisition of Hughes Airwest in 1980) [34]

Wisconsin

  • Appleton
  • Eau Claire
  • Green Bay
  • La Crosse
  • Madison
  • Milwaukee (MKE) (previously a focus city immediately following the merger of North Central Airlines and Southern Airways in 1979) [35]
  • Wausau

International[edit]

Canada

  • Montreal, Quebec
  • Toronto, Ontario

Cayman Islands

  • Grand Cayman

Mexico

  • Cancun
  • Puerto Vallarta

Republic also previously served Winnipeg, Manitoba in Canada[36] which had been served by North Central Airlines and also previously served Calgary, Alberta and Edmonton, Alberta in Canada in addition to Mazatlan and Guadalajara in Mexico[37] which had all been served by Hughes Airwest.

Incident[edit]

The airline had a high safety rating, but incurred a passenger fatality in 1983 when a section of propeller blade entered the cabin of Flight 927 at Brainerd, Minnesota on Sunday, January 9.[38] Arriving from Minneapolis in sleet and snow showers at 7:40 p.m., the Convair 580 skidded off the right edge of the runway and the right propeller struck a snowbank. Three other passengers were injured, one seriously.[39][40] Following this incident, the airline had a number of close calls in 1983.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. March 30, 1985. 111.
  2. ^ "Fort Snelling UT, Hennepin county, Minnesota." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on December 19, 2009.
  3. ^ Niemela, Jennifer. "Delta reaches deal on Minnesota jobs." Minneapolis / St. Paul Business Journal. Tuesday December 16, 2008. Retrieved on January 19, 2012.
  4. ^ "Republic looking at Airwest". Milwaukee Journal. (Los Angeles Times). March 12, 1980. p. 17. 
  5. ^ "North Central, Southern Airlines merger gets final OK from Carter". Milwaukee Senitnel. UPI. June 5, 1979. p. 5-part 2. 
  6. ^ "Republic Airlines gets CAB approval for Hughes merger". Milwaukee Sentinel. UPI. September 13, 1980. p. 7-part 2. 
  7. ^ "Republic Airlines takes over Hughest Airwest on Oct. 1". Deseret News. UPI. September 18, 1980. p. 10B. 
  8. ^ Hengi, B.I. (2000). Airlines Remembered: Over 200 Airlines of the Past, Described and Illustrated in Colour. Midland. ISBN 9781857800913. 
  9. ^ a b Daniell, Tina (January 24, 1986). "Northwest takes a big step toward ensuring survival". Milwaukee Journal. p. 5-part 3. 
  10. ^ "Spokane losing Republic air service". Spokesman-Review (Spokane). February 3, 1983. p. 1. 
  11. ^ Sussman, Lawrence (December 15, 1981). "Republic's financial woes leave Milwaukee vulnerable". Milwaukee Journal. p. 12-part 2. 
  12. ^ Grant, Linda (January 30, 1982). "Airline industry may be teetering on the brink of disaster". Anchorage Daily News. (Los Angeles Times). p. E2. 
  13. ^ a b "Turbulent times for Republic Airlines". Ocala Star-Banner. Associated Press. August 30, 1983. p. 2D. 
  14. ^ "Duck the issue? Airline promoters try anything". Free-Lance Star (Fredericksburg, VA). Associated Press. April 8, 1982. p. 5. 
  15. ^ Ehrenhalt, Lizzie (December 19, 2011). "The amazing journey of Herman the Duck, Minnesota's goofiest historic artifact". Twin Cities Daily Planet. Minnesota Historical Society. 
  16. ^ "Republic cuts service to Des Moines". Daily Reporter (Spencer, IA). Associated Press. October 12, 1984. p. 6A. 
  17. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, Sept. 1, 1980 Hughes Airwest system route map & Mar. 2, 1986 Republic Airlines system route map
  18. ^ "Northwest Orient will buy Republic to become third largest airline". Deseret News. UPI. January 24, 1986. p. 4A. 
  19. ^ "Pan Am's sacrifice ends aviation era". Milwaukee Journal. (New York Times). February 11, 1986. p. 6-part 3. 
  20. ^ "Republic deal delayed". Milwaukee Sentinel. April 29, 1986. p. 13-part 4. 
  21. ^ "Northwest-Republic merger creates third-largest carrier". Miami News. Associated Press. August 1, 1986. p. 9A. 
  22. ^ "Two airlines get approval for merger". Eugene Register-Guard. August 1, 1986. p. 1C. 
  23. ^ Walters, Robert (October 2, 1986). "Trend toward monopolizing of the skies". Waycross Journal-Herald. p. P-3. 
  24. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, March 2, 1986 Republic Airlines system route map
  25. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, Dec. 1, 1980 Republic Airlines system route map
  26. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, Dec. 1, 1980 Republic Airlines system route map
  27. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, Dec. 1, 1980 Republic Airlines system route map
  28. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, July 1, 1979 Republic Airlines system route map
  29. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, July 1, 1979 Republic Airlines system route map
  30. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, July 1, 1979 Republic Airlines system route map
  31. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, July 1, 1979 Republic Airlines system timetable
  32. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, Dec. 1, 1980 Republic Airlines system route map
  33. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, July 1, 1979 Republic Airlines system route map
  34. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, Dec. 1, 1980 Republic Airlines system route map
  35. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, July 1, 1979 Republic Airlines system roure map
  36. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, July 1, 1979 Republic Airlines system route map
  37. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, Dec. 1, 1980 & Oct. 25, 1981 Republic Airlines system route maps
  38. ^ "Plane slides off runway; woman killed". Milwaukee Sentinel. (wire services). January 10, 1983. p. 2-part 1. 
  39. ^ "1 passenger dies, 3 hurt as plane skids off runway". Milwaukee Journal. UPI. January 10, 1983. p. 4-part 1. 
  40. ^ NTSB Accident Report NTSB-AR-83-08, October 18, 1983, p. 1-2

External links[edit]