|Official name||Urdu: یوم پاکستان
lit. Yaum-e-Pakistan[Note 1]
|Significance||Commemoration of Pakistan Resolution and Constitution|
|Celebrations||Full Joint Inter-Services military parade, conferring of national decorations|
|Observances||Pakistan (Diplomatic missions of Pakistan in other countries)|
|Next time||23 March 2017|
Pakistan Day (Urdu: یوم پاکستان, lit. Yaum-e-Pakistan) or Pakistan Resolution Day, also Republic Day, is a national holiday in Pakistan to commemorate the Lahore Resolution of 23 March 1940 and the adoption of the first constitution of Pakistan during the transition of the Dominion of Pakistan to the Islamic Republic of Pakistan on 23 March 1956 making Pakistan the world's first Islamic republic. Republic Day parade by the armed forces is a common celebration for the event.
The day is celebrated in the memory to commemorate the event when the Muslim League drafted the political resolution at the Minar-e-Pakistan (lit. Pakistan Tower) that called for establishing an independent federation comprising provinces with Muslim majority located in north-western and north-eastern region of British controlled territories in India (excluding autonomous princely States) on 23 March 1940. Since then, the day is celebrated annually at the national level as a public holiday and the joint inter-services commonly holds a military parade for the celebration of the event.
The Muslim League held its annual session at Minto Park in Lahore, Punjab, that lasted from 22 March till 24 March 1940. During this event, the Muslim League led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah and other Founding Fathers narrated the events regarding the differences between Hindus and Muslims, and moved the historical resolution that cemented the formation of a nation-state in South Asia as Pakistan, even though it did not actually mention Pakistan at all.
The resolution was passed on 23 March and had its signatures from the Founding Fathers of Pakistan. It reads as:
[Quoting Resolution:] No constitutional plan would be workable or acceptable to the Muslims unless geographical contiguous units are demarcated into regions which should be so constituted with such territorial readjustments as may be necessary. That the areas in which the Muslims are numerically in majority as in the North-Western and Eastern zones of India should be grouped to constitute independent states in which the constituent units shall be autonomous and sovereign.
After achieving independence on 14 August 1947 from British Raj, Pakistan was formed as a constitutional monarchy with George VI as head of state and Muhammad Ali Jinnah as Governor-General of Pakistan. With no constitution in effect, the country was governed based on the modified colonial 1935 Act of Government of India. While Pakistan's Independence Day celebrates its freedom from British Rule, the Republic Day celebrates of coming into force of its constitution.
Works and efforts by Basic Principles Committee drafted the basic outlines of the constitution in 1949. After many deliberations and years of some modifications, the first set of the Constitution of Pakistan was enforced in the country on 23 March 1956. This marked the country's successful transition from Dominion to Islamic Republic. The Governor-General was replaced with President of Pakistan as ceremonial head of state.
Main celebration is held in Islamabad– the capital of Pakistan. The President of Pakistan is usually the chief guest; also the attended in public are Prime Minister of Pakistan alongside the Cabinet ministers, military chiefs of staff, and chairman joint chiefs.
The celebrations regarding the holiday include a full military and civilian parade in the capital, Islamabad. These are presided by the President of Pakistan and are held early in the morning. After the parade,the President confers national awards and medals on the awardees at the Presidency. Wreaths are also laid at the mausoleums of Muhammad Iqbal and Muhammad Ali Jinnah founder of Pakistan. In very rare times and significance, foreign dignitaries have been invited to attend the military parade. From the timeline of 1956-2000, the following foreign dignitaries who have attended parade are:
|1985||General Rudini||Indonesia||Chief of staff of Indonesian Army|
|1996||Cassam Uteem||Mauritius||President of Mauritius|
Parallel steps by Pakistan Army.
Parallel steps by Pakistan Navy.
The Minar-e-Pakistan glances on the eve of 23 March 2014.
Group photo of the Frontier Force Regiment prior to the participation on the Pakistan Day in 1974.
- History of Pakistan
- Holidays in Pakistan
- Independence Day
- Republic Day in other countries
- Pakistan Day Parade 2015
- Pakistan Defence Day
- Iqbal Day
References and Notes
- Official name is (Urdu: Urdu: یوم پاکستان, lit. Yaum-e-Pakistan) or Pakistan Day in English. The day is also commemorate Pakistan Resolution Day, Republic Day (Urdu: يوم جمهوريه) or as Joint Inter-Services parade. Unofficially, the day is also known as 23 March
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- Staff work (22 March 2015). "Preparations complete for Pakistan Day parade on March 23". NewsTribe, 2015. NewsTribe. Retrieved 24 March 2015.
- DAWN.com (24 March 2015). "Pakistan holds first Republic Day parade in seven years". Dawn Newspapers, 2015. Dawn Newspapers. Retrieved 24 March 2015.
- Dawn.com (24 March 2015). "Relive Pakistan Day: 1940 – 2000". Dawn archives, 2015. Dawn archives. Archived from the original on 24 March 2015. Retrieved 24 March 2015.