Republic Day (North Macedonia)

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Republic Day
Ден на Републиката
Makedonija140.jpg
The Macedonium monument in Kruševo commemorating the Ilinden Uprising of 1903
Also calledIlinden
St. Elijah Day
Observed byRepublic of Macedonia North Macedonia
TypeNational
SignificanceThe day North Macedonia proclaimed its statehood in 1944
The day of the Ilinden Uprising and the proclamation of Kruševo Republic in 1903.
CelebrationsFireworks, Family reunions, Barbecues, Picnics, Concerts, Sports games
DateAugust 2
Next time2 August 2019 (2019-08-02)
Frequencyannual

Republic Day or the Day of the Republic or Ilinden (Macedonian: Ден на Републиката, Den na Republikata, Илинден) is a major national holiday of North Macedonia. It is celebrated on 2 August,[1] which is also a major religious holiday – Ilinden (Macedonian: Илинден; St. Elijah day; the day is reckoned as 20 July according to the Julian Calendar). It commemorates two major events in the establishment of the statehood of North Macedonia which took place on this date:

Macedonians have traditionally celebrated this day, also called Ilinden, because of its religious significance which has its roots in the Christian St. Elijah (Macedonian: Св. Илија, Sv. Iliya),[2] and also in the earlier pagan traditions. It has been proclaimed a national holiday since 1944. Major gatherings are held in the monasteries, and there is a march of horsemen from Skopje, the capital, to Kruševo, where during the Ilinden Uprising the Kruševo Republic was established. The main celebration takes place in Kruševo, in the area called Mechkin Kamen (Bear's Rock), where a major battle with the Ottoman army took place in August 1903.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ilinden, non-working day for Macedonian citizens". Kurir News Agency. July 31, 2017. Retrieved 2 August 2017.
  2. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica: Perun, Slavic deity
  3. ^ The Ilinden Uprising and the Republic of Kruševo (Macedonia, 1903)