Republic Day of Transnistria

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Republic Day
Celebrating 25 years of independence (2015).jpg
Celebrations in 2015
Official nameRussian: День Республики
Romanian: Ziua Republicii
Ukrainian: День Республіки
Observed by Transnistria
TypeState
CelebrationsFireworks, Concerts, Parades
DateSeptember 2
Next time2 September 2020 (2020-09-02)
Frequencyannual

The Republic Day of Transnistria (Russian: День Республики Приднестровья, Romanian: Ziua Republicii Transnistriei, Ukrainian: День Республіки Придністров'я) also known in the West as Independence Day or National Day is the main state holiday in the partially recognized republic of Transnistria. This date is celebrated annually on September 2.

History[edit]

In late April 1990, the Supreme Soviet of Moldova adopted a new national flag based on the Romanian tricolor flag, which set the stage for conflict between the Chişinău government and the government in the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic (PMSSR). Three days later, the Tiraspol City Council announced that it would not accept the new flag in the PMSSR, instead saying that the Flag of the Moldovan SSR claims precedence in the PMSSR. In the weeks that followed the decision, many cities in the PMSSR sided with the Tiraspol City Council, while enacting their own measures to counteract Chişinău.

The First Congress of People's Deputies of the PMSSR in 1990.

On September 2, 1990, the then PMSSR declared its independence from the Moldovan SSR, becoming the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (PMR). This happened in response to fears of Moldova's unification with Romania following the fall of dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu, as well as hopes of the creation of a pro-Soviet republic that would remain in the USSR. 2 months later, the Moldovan authorities invaded Transnistria in an attempt to take control of the region. The war eventually ended in a ceasefire on July 21, 1992.[1]

Holiday programme and celebrations[edit]

The political leadership of the PMR observing the parade from a grandstand in 2014.

Trade fairs, concerts, and cultural dances are held in the major areas of the capital.[2] A two-hour military parade of the Armed Forces of Transnistria is annually held on Suvorov Square in the center of Tiraspol. The parade usually features 19 military contingents led by the Dzerzhinsky Republican Cadet School.[3] The first one in the republic's history took place on the third anniversary in 1993.[4] Attendees include the president, the Prime Minister of Transnistria and members of the Supreme Council. Many of the parades and celebrations are held with the participation and involvement of the Operational Group of Russian Forces in Moldova.

The first major anniversary occurred in 1995, during which students educational institutions in Tiraspol conducted theatrical performance on the history of the country. Transnistrian organizations such as the Black Sea Cossack army, the national militia, and the Union of Women took part in the celebrations.[5] In 2000, during the 10th anniversary celebrations, the first jubilee medal was commissioned during the celebrations.[6] In 2005, Official delegations from Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, South Ossetia, Nagorno-Karabakh, Abkhazia, and Gagauzia attended the celebrations.[7][8] and in 2010, a bicycle race was held through central Tiraspol.[9]

President Vadim Krasnoselsky greeting the commander of a female parade contingent.

2015 celebrated the silver jubilee of Independence. The military parade was the largest ever in the quarter-century history of Transnistria, featuring 38 military formations.[10] A concert featuring Russian singer Polina Gagarina took place later that evening.[11]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "'Historic Landmark Day': Self-Proclaimed Republic of Transnistria Turns 27". Sputnik News Agency. Retrieved September 7, 2017.
  2. ^ "Celebration's Calendar | Transnistria tour". Transnistria-tour.com. Retrieved September 2, 2017.
  3. ^ "19 military parade squads march on Tiraspol's central square | Новости Приднестровья". Novostipmr.com. Retrieved October 6, 2018.
  4. ^ "Оркестр Главного штаба Вооруженных Сил Приднестровской Молдавской Республики". Partita.ru. Retrieved August 28, 2018.
  5. ^ "Закон ПМР – О ПОДГОТОВКЕ И ПРОВЕДЕНИИ ПРАЗДНОВАНИЯ 5-Й ГОДОВЩИНЫ СО ДНЯ ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ ПРИДНЕСТРОВСКОЙ МОЛДАВСКОЙ РЕСПУБЛИКИ". Zakon-pmr.com. Retrieved August 28, 2018.
  6. ^ "Закон ПМР – О ПРАЗДНОВАНИИ 10-Й ГОДОВЩИНЫ ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ ПРИДНЕСТРОВСКОЙ МОЛДАВСКОЙ РЕСПУБЛИКИ". Zakon-pmr.com. Retrieved August 28, 2018.
  7. ^ "Приднестровье отметит 27-летие провозглашения независимости". РИА Новости (in Russian). September 2, 2017. Retrieved September 4, 2017.
  8. ^ "2 СЕНТЯБРЯ ПРИДНЕСТРОВСКИЙ НАРОД ТОРЖЕСТВЕННО ОТПРАЗДНУЕТ 15-Ю ГОДОВЩИНУ СО ДНЯ РОЖДЕНИЯ ПРИДНЕСТРОВСКОЙ МОЛДАВСКОЙ РЕСПУБЛИКИ". Ava.md. August 19, 2005. Retrieved August 28, 2018.
  9. ^ "Программа мероприятий празднования 20-й годовщины со дня образования Приднестровской Молдавской Республики – Официальный сайт Государственной администрации г.Тирасполя и г.Днестровска". Tirasadmin.org. Retrieved August 28, 2018.
  10. ^ "В ЧЕСТЬ 25-Й ГОДОВЩИНЫ СО ДНЯ ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ ПРИДНЕСТРОВЬЯ БУДЕТ ПРОВЕДЕН ВОЕННЫЙ ПАРАД " Государственная администрация г.Бендеры". Bendery-ga.org. Retrieved September 11, 2017.
  11. ^ "Transnistria celebrates 25th anniversary of the republic". Redstaroverdonbass.blogspot.com. Retrieved August 28, 2018.