Republic of China Army rank insignia

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The rank system of the Republic of China Army (中華民國陸軍 - Zhōnghuá Mínguó Lùjūn[1]) was originally based on that of the Wehrmacht during the era of Sino-German cooperation in the 1930s. Since the 1950s, the rank structure is getting closer to the one used by the United States Army. The Republic of China Army rank of one-star general does not use the French-style title of Brigadier General, but the German-style title of Major General.

Rank Structure[edit]

Chinese Pinyin Literal translation English translation Insignia
Generals 特級上將 Tèjíshangjiàng Superior General Special Class[a] General Special Class General Special Class rank insignia (ROC).jpg
一級上將 Yījíshangjiàng Superior General First Class[b] General of the Army General First Class rank insignia (ROC).svg
二級上將 Èrjíshangjiàng Superior General Second Class General General Second Class rank insignia (ROC).svg
中將 Zhōngjiàng Middle General Lieutenant General Lieutenant General rank insignia (ROC).svg
少將 Shàojiàng Junior General Major General Major General (少將) rank insignia (ROC).svg
Senior officers 上校 Shàngxiào Superior Field Officer Colonel Colonel rank insignia (ROC).svg
中校 Zhōngxiào Middle Field Officer Lieutenant Colonel Lieutenant Colonel rank insignia (ROC).svg
少校 Shàoxiào Junior Field Officer Major Major rank insignia (ROC).svg
Junior officers 上尉 Shàngwèi Superior Subaltern Captain Captain rank insignia (ROC).svg
中尉 Zhōngwèi Middle Subaltern First Lieutenant First Lieutenant rank insignia (ROC).svg
少尉 Shàowèi Junior Subaltern Second Lieutenant Second Lieutenant rank insignia (ROC).svg
Wèi Officer Third Lieutenant
准尉 Zhūn Wèi Demi-Officer Warrant Officer
Sergeant-Majors 一等士官長 Yī děng Shìguān zhǎng Sergeant-Major
First Class
Master Sergeant First Class[2] Warrant Officer First Class rank insignia (ROC).svg
二等士官長 Er děng Shìguān zhǎng Sergeant-Major
Second Class
Master Sergeant Second Class[2] Warrant Officer Second Class rank insignia (ROC).svg
三等士官長 Sān děng Shìguān zhǎng Sergeant-Major
Third Class
Master Sergeant Third Class[2] Warrant Officer Third Class rank insignia (ROC).svg
Sergeants 上士 Shàng Shi Superior Sergeant Sergeant[2] Sergeant (上士) rank insignia (ROC).svg
中士 Zhōng Shi Middle Sergeant Staff Sergeant[2] Staff Sergeant rank insignia (ROC).svg
下士 Xia Shi Inferior Sergeant Corporal Corporal rank insignia (ROC).svg
Privates 上等兵 Shàng děng Bīng Private Superior Class Specialist Senior Private rank insignia (ROC).svg
一等兵 Yī děng Bīng Private First Class Private First Class Private First Class rank insignia (ROC).svg
二等兵 Er děng Bīng Private Second Class Private E-2 Private Second Class rank insignia (ROC).svg


  1. ^ The rank was bestowed only once - upon Chiang Kai-shek and currently is abolished.
  2. ^ Since 2013, the rank shall be granted only in wartime.


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