Republic of China Army rank insignia
The rank system of the Republic of China Army (中華民國陸軍 - Zhōnghuá Mínguó Lùjūn) was originally based on that of the Wehrmacht during the era of Sino-German cooperation in the 1930s. Since the 1950s, the rank structure is getting closer to the one used by the United States Army. The Republic of China Army rank of one-star general does not use the French-style title of Brigadier General, but the German-style title of Major General.
|Chinese||Pinyin||Literal translation||English translation||Insignia|
|Generals||特級上將||Tèjíshangjiàng||Superior General Special Class[a]||General Special Class|
|一級上將||Yījíshangjiàng||Superior General First Class[b]||General of the Army|
|二級上將||Èrjíshangjiàng||Superior General Second Class||General|
|中將||Zhōngjiàng||Middle General||Lieutenant General|
|少將||Shàojiàng||Junior General||Major General|
|Senior officers||上校||Shàngxiào||Superior Field Officer||Colonel|
|中校||Zhōngxiào||Middle Field Officer||Lieutenant Colonel|
|少校||Shàoxiào||Junior Field Officer||Major|
|Junior officers||上尉||Shàngwèi||Superior Subaltern||Captain|
|中尉||Zhōngwèi||Middle Subaltern||First Lieutenant|
|少尉||Shàowèi||Junior Subaltern||Second Lieutenant|
|准尉||Zhūn Wèi||Demi-Officer||Warrant Officer|
|Sergeant-Majors||一等士官長||Yī děng Shìguān zhǎng||Sergeant-Major
|Master Sergeant First Class|
|二等士官長||Er děng Shìguān zhǎng||Sergeant-Major
|Master Sergeant Second Class|
|三等士官長||Sān děng Shìguān zhǎng||Sergeant-Major
|Master Sergeant Third Class|
|Sergeants||上士||Shàng Shi||Superior Sergeant||Sergeant|
|中士||Zhōng Shi||Middle Sergeant||Staff Sergeant|
|下士||Xia Shi||Inferior Sergeant||Corporal|
|Privates||上等兵||Shàng děng Bīng||Private Superior Class||Specialist|
|一等兵||Yī děng Bīng||Private First Class||Private First Class|
|二等兵||Er děng Bīng||Private Second Class||Private E-2|
- The rank was bestowed only once - upon Chiang Kai-shek and currently is abolished.
- Since 2013, the rank shall be granted only in wartime.
- Republic of China Army (Since 1981)
- "Act of Commission for Officers and Noncommissioned Officers of the Armed Forces Commission Act for Officers and Noncommissioned Officers of the Armed Forces (陸海空軍軍官士官任官條例)". Laws and Regulations Database , Ministry of National Defense, R.O.C. Archived from the original on 2012-07-09. Retrieved 2016-12-28.