Republic of China Army

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Republic of China Army
中華民國陸軍
Zhōnghuá Mínguó Lùjūn (Mandarin)
Chûng-fà Mìn-koet Liu̍k-kiûn (Hakka)
Republic of China Army (ROCA) Logo.svg
Emblem of the Republic of China Army
FoundedJune 16, 1924 (1924-06-16) (as the National Revolutionary Army)
Country Republic of China
TypeArmy
RoleGround warfare
Size130,000 (2019 est.)
Part ofRepublic of China Armed Forces
Garrison/HQLongtan, Taoyuan, Taiwan (ROC)
Motto(s)"忠誠精實"
ColorsGold & Green
March"Army Anthem" (Chinese: 陸軍軍歌; "Lùjūnjūngē"; "Liu̍k-kiûn Kiûn-kô")
EngagementsNorthern Expedition
Sino-Soviet conflict (1929)
Long March
Second Sino-Japanese War
World War II
Battle of Baitag Bogd
Chinese Civil War
Chinese Communist Revolution
Battle of Guningtou
Battle of Nanri Island
Battle of Yijiangshan Islands
Vietnam War
Laotian Civil War
War on Terror
Military intervention against ISIL[1]
Commanders
Commander of the ArmyROC Commanding General of Army Flag.svg General Chen Pao-yu (陳寶餘)[2]
Deputy Commander of the Republic of China ArmyROCA Lieutenant General's Flag.svg Lieutenant-general Liu Te-king (劉得金)
Deputy Commander of the Republic of China ArmyROCA Lieutenant General's Flag.svg Lieutenant-general Mo You-ming (莫又銘)
Insignia
Flag
Flag of the Republic of China Army.svg
Aircraft flown
Attack helicopterAH-1W, AH-64E
Cargo helicopterCH-47SD, UH-60M
Observation helicopterOH-58D
Trainer helicopterTH-67A
Utility helicopterUH-60M
Republic of China Army
Traditional Chinese中華民國陸軍
Simplified Chinese中华民国陆军

The Republic of China Army (ROCA) is the largest branch of the Republic of China Armed Forces. An estimated 80% of the ROC Army is located on Taiwan, while the remainder are stationed on the Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu, Dongsha and Taiping Islands.

Since the Chinese Civil War, no armistice or peace treaty has ever been signed, so as the final line of defense against a possible invasion by the People's Liberation Army (PLA), the primary focus is on defense and counterattack against amphibious assault and urban warfare.

Organization[edit]

General Chen Pao-yu, the incumbent commander of the ROC Army
ROC Army Logistics Command

The ROC Army's current operational strength includes 3 armies, 5 corps. As of 2005, the Army's 35 brigades include 25 infantry brigades, 5 armoured brigades and 3 mechanized infantry brigades.[3][4][5] All infantry brigades stood down and transferred to Reserve Command after 2005.

This update reflects the ROCA order of battle at the conclusion of the Jinjing Restructuring Plan in 2008.

A new type of unit called defense team (守備隊) is being introduced. These are formed by elements of de-activated brigades under each area defense command. The strength of a defense team may vary from one or more reinforced battalions, making it roughly equal to a regiment. The team CO is usually a full colonel.[6]

Republic of China Army Command Headquarters[edit]

The ROC Army CHQ (中華民國國防部陸軍司令部) is headed by a 3-star general and is responsible for overall command of all ROC Army assets. Army GHQ is subordinate to the Chief of the General Staff (military), the Minister of National Defense (civilian) and the ROC President.
ROC Army sharpshooter team
ROC Army 101st Amphibious Reconnaissance Battalion Training during Amphibious Landing Exercise
  • Internal Units: Personnel, Combat Readiness and Training, Logistics, Planning, Communications, Electronics and Information, General Affairs, Comptroller, Inspector General, Political Warfare.
  • Aviation and Special Forces Command (航空特戰指揮部)
  • 601 Air Cavalry Brigade (original special force battalion assigned transferred back to 862nd Brigade)
  • 602 Air Cavalry Brigade (original special force battalion assigned transferred back to 862nd Brigade)
  • 603 Air Cavalry Brigade (this is a phantom unit, only exists on paper, no manpower, units, helicopters assigned)
  • 101st Reconnaissance Battalion (better known as Sea Dragon Frogman, has a company station in Kinmen, Matsu, 3 in Penghu, and other frontline islands)
  • Special Forces Command (特戰指揮部) In charge of 3 training centers
  • Army Airborne Training Center (大武營「陸軍空降訓練中心」)
  • Army Special Forces Training Center (谷關「陸軍特戰訓練中心」)
  • Army Winter and Mountain Training Center (武嶺寒訓中心)
  • Special Operation Command
  • 862 Special Operation Group (originally 862nd Special Operation Brigade, with 3rd, 4th, and 6th battalion that transferred back from aviation brigades)
  • 871 Special Operation Group (units unknown)
  • 6th Army Corps (第六軍團指揮部): Northern Taiwan
  • Guandu Area Command
  • Lanyang Area Command
  • 269 Mechanized Infantry Brigade
  • 542 Armor Brigade
  • 584 Armor Brigade
  • 21 Artillery Command
  • 53 Engineer Group
  • 73 Signals Group
  • 33 Chemical Warfare Group
  • 8th Army Corps (第八軍團指揮部): Southern Taiwan
  • 333 Mechanized Infantry Brigade
  • 564 Armor Brigade
  • 43 Artillery Command
  • 54 Engineer Group
  • 75 Signals Group
  • 39 Chemical Warfare Group
  • 10th Army Corps (第十軍團指揮部): Central Taiwan
  • 234 Mechanized Infantry Brigade (will receive CM-32 "Clouded Leopard" wheeled IFV beginning of 2011)[7]
  • 586 Armor Brigade
  • 58 Artillery Command
  • 52 Engineer Group
  • 36 Chemical Warfare Group
  • 74 Signals Group
  • Hua-Tung Defense Command (花東防衛指揮部): Eastern Taiwan
  • Hualien (花蓮) Defense Team
  • Taitung (台東) Area Command
  • Kinmen Defense Command (金門防衛指揮部)
  • Jindong (金東, Kinmen East) Defense Team
  • Jinshih (金西, Kinmen West) Defense Team
  • Shihyu () Defense Team
  • Artillery Group
  • Penghu Defense Command (澎湖防衛指揮部)
  • 1 Armored Battalion, 1 Armored Infantry Battalion, 1 Armored Cav Battalion, 1 mixed Artillery Battalion.
  • Matsu Defense Command (馬祖防衛指揮部)
  • Beigao (北高) Area Command
  • Juguang (莒光) Area Command
  • Dongyin Area Command (東引地區指揮部)
  • Logistics Command (後勤指揮部)
  • Education, Training and Doctorine Command (教育訓練暨準則發展指揮部)
  • Republic of China Military Academy, Training & Command Schools, Chemical Warfare Corps, Engineering Corps, Arsenal Development.
  • Armed Force Reserve Command (後備指揮部)
  • 9 active infantry brigades, 24 Reserve brigades (Activated only in time of war)

ROC Army's former Army Missile Command was transferred to ROC Air Force in 2006.

Republic of China Army Organization as of 2016

Ranks[edit]

Officers

The rank of Generalissimo was bestowed only once, to Chiang Kai-shek and currently is abolished. Since 2013, the rank of Colonel General(Full general) shall be granted only in wartime.

Equivalent
NATO Code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) & Student officer
Republic of China
(edit)
No equivalent Taiwan-army-OF-9b.svg Taiwan-army-OF-9a.svg Taiwan-army-OF-8.svg Taiwan-army-OF-7.svg No equivalent Taiwan-army-OF-5.svg Taiwan-army-OF-4.svg Taiwan-army-OF-3.svg Taiwan-army-OF-2.svg Taiwan-army-OF-1b.svg Taiwan-army-OF-1a.svg
Full general General Lieutenant general Major general Colonel Lieutenant colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second lieutenant Officer cadet
一級上將 二級上將 中將 少將 上校 中校 少校 上尉 中尉 少尉 軍校生
Pinyin Yījí Shàngjiàng Èrjí Shàngjiàng Zhōngjiàng Shaojiàng Shàngxiào Zhōngxiào Shàoxiào Shàngwèi Zhōngwèi Shàowèi
Enlisted
Equivalent
NATO code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Republic of China
(Edit)
Taiwan-army-OR-9.svg Taiwan-army-OR-8.svg Taiwan-army-OR-7.svg Taiwan-army-OR-6.svg Taiwan-army-OR-5.svg Taiwan-army-OR-4.svg Taiwan-army-OR-3.svg Taiwan-army-OR-2.svg Taiwan-army-OR-1.svg
Master sergeant first class
一等士官長
Master sergeant second class
二等士官長
Master sergeant third class
三等士官長
Staff sergeant
上士
Sergeant
中士
Corporal
下士
Specialist
上等兵
Private first class
一等兵
Private
二等兵
Pinyin Yīděng Shìguān zhǎng Èrděng Shìguān zhǎng Sānděng Shìguān zhǎng Shàngshi Zhōngshi Xiàshi Shàngděng Bīng Yīděng Bīng Èrděng Bīng

Training[edit]

The Republic of China Military Academy trains officers for the army in a four-year program.

History[edit]

An honor guard at the National Martyrs Shrine in Taipei

The Republic of China Army originated from Chinese National Revolutionary Army, which was founded by Sun Yat-sen's Kuomintang (KMT) in 1924, when the Whampoa Military Academy was established with Soviet military assistance. Whampoa Military Academy, which was presided by Chiang Kai-shek, was tasked with the objective of training a professional Chinese revolutionary army (革命軍人) to unify China during the Warlord Era . It participated in the Northern Expedition, the Second Sino-Japanese War (during World War II) and the Chinese Civil War before withdrawing with the ROC government to Taiwan in 1949.

After 1949, the ROC Army has participated in combat operations on Kinmen and the Dachen Archipelago against the PLA in the Battle of Kuningtou, and in the First and Second Taiwan Strait Crisis. In addition to these major conflicts, ROCA commandos were regularly sent to raid the Fujian and Guangdong coasts. Until the 1970s, the stated mission of the Army was to retake the mainland from the People's Republic of China. Following the lifting of martial law in 1988 and the democratization of the 1990s, the mission of the ROC Army has been shifted to the defense of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu from a PLA invasion.

With the reduction of the size of the ROC armed forces in recent years, the Army has endured the largest number of cutbacks as ROC military doctrine has begun to emphasize the importance of offshore engagement with the Navy and Air Force. Subsequent to this shift in emphasis, the ROC Navy and Air Force have taken precedence over the ROC Army in defense doctrine and weapons procurement.[8] Recent short-term goals in the Army include acquisition and development of joint command and control systems, advanced attack helicopters and armored vehicles, Multiple Launch Rocket System and field air defense systems. The Army is also in the process of transitioning to an all volunteer force.[5]

Equipment[edit]

From the 1990s onwards, the Republic of China Army launched several upgrade programmes to replace out-dated equipment with more advanced weapons, also increasing its emphasis on forces that could be rapidly deployed and were suited for combat in Taiwan's heavily urbanized environment. Orders were placed with the United States for M60A3 Patton tanks, M109A5 "Paladin" howitzers and AH-1W SuperCobra attack helicopters, as well as updating existing equipment.

Along with the other ROC military branches, the ROC Army has extensive experience in the construction and utilization of tunnels and bases gained during the People's Republic of China's bombardments of Kinmen and Matsu during the Cold War and many facilities are rumoured to be located underground in undisclosed locations.

The U.S. Government announced on October 3, 2008 that it plans to sell $6.5 billion worth of arms to Taiwan ending the freeze of arms sales to Taiwan. Amongst other things, the plans include $2.532 billion worth of 30 AH-64D Apache Longbow Block III Attack helicopters with night-vision sensors, radar, 173 Stinger Block I air-to-air missiles and 1000 AGM-114L Hellfire missiles.[9] and 182 Javelin missiles will also be available with 20 Javelin command launchers and is estimated to cost $47 million.[10]

On January 29, 2010, US Government announced 5 notifications to US Congress for arms sales to Taiwan. Of the total 6.392 billion US dollars in the 5 announcements, ROC Army will receive 60 UH-60M and other related things for cost of 3.1 Billion.[11]

Helicopters[edit]

ROCA AH-64E 802 and UH-60M 912 flight over Hongchailin Camp

In July 2007 it was reported that the ROC Army would request the purchase of 30 AH-64E Apache Guardian attack helicopters from the US in the 2008 defence budget.[12] In October 2015 it was announced that 9 AH-64E had been grounded due to oxidation of components in the helicopters' tail rotor gearboxes and comprehensive safety checks were made on all Apaches. The 2008 defense budget also listed a request for 60 UH-60M Black Hawk helicopters as a partial replacement for the UH-1Hs currently in service.[13]

Main battle tanks[edit]

An ROCA M60A3 TTS main battle tank

As of 2019, the ROC army has 480 M60A3s, 450 CM11s (modified M48 turrets mated to M60 chassis), and 250 CM12s (CM-11 turrets mated to M48 hulls). The design and technology used in the tanks date back to the 1940s and 1950s, including their 105mm rifled gun and utilizing traditional steel armor plating rather than composite materials used in modern armored fighting vehicles. It is expected that majority of the ROC Army’s armored units would continue to be equipped with legacy tanks in upgraded form after the army acquires the newer modern tanks.[14] As of 2015, some CM11 tanks are observed to be upgraded with explosive reactive armor around the turret and hull.[15]

In October 2017, Taiwan announced an upgrade program for 450 M60A3s consisting of replacing the main gun with a new 120 mm weapon, as well as upgrading the ballistics computer, turret hydraulics, and other systems. Testing and evaluation are expected to be completed in 2019 and application of new features to start in 2020.[16] However, in July 2018 the Ministry of National Defense renewed its interest in acquiring Abrams, and had set aside US$990 Million to purchase 108 M1A2s while modernization of existing M60A3s in service continues.[17]

On June 7, 2019, Taiwan’s Ministry of National Defense confirmed that Taiwan has signed a $2 billion dollar weapons deal with the Trump administration, which includes a purchase of 108 M1A2T (M1A2C export variant for Taiwan) Abrams battle tanks. Taiwanese Defense officials intend to use the M1A2T Abrams battle tank to "replace Taiwan’s aging American-made M60A3 battle tanks and the Taiwanese-manufactured M48H CM11 tank".[18][19] On July 8, 2019, The U.S. State Department has approved the sale to Taiwan of new M1A2T Abrams tanks despite People's Republic of China's (PRC) criticism and protest of the deal. The deal includes 122 M2 Chrysler Mount Machine Guns, 216 M240 machine guns, 14 M88A2 HERCULES vehicles, and 16 M1070A1 Heavy Equipment Transporters. General Dynamics Land Systems will build the tanks at Anniston Army Depot, Alabama, and at Joint Systems Manufacturing Center in Lima, Ohio. The final signing of the Letter of Offer and Acceptance (LOA) is confirmed on December 21, 2019.[20] The tanks are the first sale of new tanks for ROC Army in decades from the US. Surplus M1A1 tanks were previously rejected by previous US administrations, including George W. Bush in 2001.[21] Current ROC tanks are used M60A3 tanks and locally manufactured M48 tanks in which the initial variants are first produced in between the 1950s and 1960s.[22][23][24]

Some criticisms were made to these M1 Abrams purchases, some analysts expressed that Taiwan's terrain and some of its bridges and roads are unsuitable for the 60-tonne M1A2. However, Taiwan's current tanks have obsolete 105-millimeter guns that may not be able to penetrate the frontal armor of modern People’s Liberation Army (PLA) Type 96 and Type 99 tanks, which can easily penetrate the Patton’s old-fashioned steel armor with their modern 125-millimeter guns. The M1A2T tank's 120-millimeter gun is capable of destroying PLA tanks without reliance on anti-tank missiles.[25] Moreover, tanks can be used as mobile reserves for counterattacks against PLA beach landings, which was successful during Battle of Guningtou.[26]

Infantry vehicles[edit]

The CM-32 Armoured Vehicle, currently under production (mobile-gun platform variant is shown)

CM-32 Yunpao, an 8x8 armoured personnel carrier locally manufactured, will replace ageing M113s and V-150 armoured vehicles. It is a modular vehicle platform capable of accepting various configurations for specific combat requirements. As of 2019, an IFV version of Yunpao armed with Orbital ATK 30mm Mk44 Bushmaster II cannons, CM-34, is planned for production.[27] Production of a version with a 105-mm assault gun, which is modeled on that of the CM-11 Brave Tiger main battle tank, is also scheduled to be completed by 2023.[28]

Air defense[edit]

Antelope air defense system

Long and medium range air defense systems are operated by the Republic of China Air Force with the Army assuming much of the SHORAD mission. The most modern air defense system of the Army is the indigenously developed Antelope.[29]

The ROCA is in the process of fielding the Surface-to-Air TC-2 medium range air defense system.[30] Development of a surface launched TC-2 began with the ROCN in 1994.[31]

On June 7, 2019, Taiwan’s Ministry of National Defense confirmed that Taiwan has signed a $2 billion weapons deal with the Trump administration, which includes a purchase of "250 surface-to-air Stinger missile systems."[18] Taiwan's ROC Army already has 2,223 Stinger missile systems.

Armoured vehicles[edit]

Vehicle Origin Type In service Notes
M60A3 TTS  United States Main battle tank 460 Some are transferred to ROCMC[32]
CM-11 (M48H)  Republic of China Main battle tank 450 Assembled in Taiwan 1988–1994. few of them equipped reactive armoured
CM-12  Republic of China Medium tank 100 Modified in Taiwan from M48A3[33]
M48A3  Republic of China Medium tank 50 Received 309 M48A1/A2 in the 1970s, modified in Taiwan to M48A3,
100 of them upgraded to CM-12 standard[33]
M41  United States Light tank
~100 Total 775, most of them retired and 50 M41D modified in Taiwan.
CM-32  Republic of China Eight-wheeled IFV/
Light armoured vehicle
~414 In production, first batch of 652, first unit will be 200th MIB in Central Taiwan.[7]
414 vehicles entering service by 2017–2019
CM-21  Republic of China M113 APC variant 1,000+ Various variants produced from 1982 to 2009. CM-21/A1 personnel carrier
CM-22 mortar carrier for 107mm/120mm mortar
CM-23 mortar carrier for 81mm mortar
CM-24/A1 ammo carrier, can carry either 90 rounds of 155mm or 42 rounds 203mm
CM-25 TOW launcher
CM-26 Command Track
CM-27/A1 Recovery
V-150S  United States Amphibious APC 300 With Southern Army Group, 298th Mech Inf Brigade
AM General Humvee  United States Light utility vehicle 7,000+ [34] Various variants, including to carry local made machine guns and TOW 2A launchers, and others.
M3 Amphibious Rig  Germany Amphibious bridging vehicle 22 With Northern Army Group, 53 Engineering Battalion

Artillery[edit]

On September 23, 2019, Defense Minister Yen De-fa (嚴德發) confirmed the Republic of China Armed Forces has requested the purchase of M109A6 Paladin self-propelled howitzers from the United States. The number planned to order is undisclosed but 100 M109A6 artillery is estimated by the media. It is important to note the latest M109 artillery in the series is currently M109A7.[35][36][35]

As of 2019, the ROC Army’s current artillery in service consists of M109A2 and M109A5 systems, 8 inch M110A2 self-propelled howitzers and 155mm M114 towed howitzers. These systems have exceeded their service life with the oldest being the M114, which has been in service for 68 years, while the youngest artillery system, the M109A5, has been in service for 21 years. The last artillery system that entered service is the M109A5s, which are ordered in 1996 and taken delivery in 1998.

ROCA Self-propelled Howitzers Display at ORDC Yue Kang Road
Weapon Origin Type In service Notes
M110A2  United States 203mm self-propelled howitzer 60
M109A2/A5  United States 155mm self-propelled howitzer 197/28[37] Some transferred to ROCMC
M108  United States 105mm self-propelled howitzer 0 All of them are retired
M1  United States 240mm fixed/towed howitzer 30+ Stationed in Kinmen/Quemoy and Matsu
M115  United States 203mm towed howitzer 90[37]
M59 "Long Tom"  United States 155mm towed howitzer 390[37]
M101  United States 105mm towed howitzer 650
M712 Copperhead  United States 155mm Laser-guided AP Artillery shell ??
RT/LT-2000  Republic of China 117mm, 180mm, or 227mm wheeled MRL 43 57 originally ordered, later reduced to 43
Kung Feng VI  Republic of China 117mm or 126mm wheeled MRL 72 24 per Corp[38]

Helicopters and UAVs[edit]

ROCA OH-58D 636 taking off from ROCMA Ground 20140531a
7306 CH-47 Chinook
Aircraft Origin Type In service[5][39] Notes
AH-64E Apache  United States Attack helicopter 29 30 ordered, one lost to crash[40][41]
AH-1W SuperCobra  United States Attack helicopter 61
Bell OH-58D Kiowa  United States Light observation helicopter 39 Partially assembled in Taiwan
OH-6A Cayuse[42]  United States Light observation helicopter ??
Bell TH-67A Creek  United States Training helicopter 30
CH-47SD Chinook  United States Heavy transport helicopter 9
UH-60M Black Hawk  United States Utility helicopter 60[43] 60 ordered. Delivery starts mid December 2014 for first 6,
rest to arrive by in seven batches with full delivery by 2018[44]
NCSIST Albatross  Republic of China Medium recon UAV 32 32 as of 2014, at least three lost in crashes.[45]
NCSIST Cardinal II  Republic of China Small recon UAV 30 Hand launched tactical UAV[46]

Anti-aircraft weapons[edit]

M730A1 (MIM-72)
A visitor operates an FIM-92 Stinger Twin Launchers with a soldier
Platform Origin Type In service Notes
AIM-9 Sidewinder  United States Air-to-air missile (AAM) 300 AIM-9S. Carry by F-16 or AH-1W[47]
AIM-92 Stinger  United States Air-to-air missile (AAM) 173 Block I, ordered for AH-64D Block III APACHE Longbow Attack Helicopters[48]
Sky Sword II (TC-2)  Republic of China Mid-range SAM/AAM ?? Carry by AIDC F-CK-1 or tracked/wheeled trucks
MIM-72/M48 Chaparral  United States Short-range SAM 40 In service with Southern Army Group only.
With 646 rounds of MIM-72F and 302 rounds of MIM-72E/G/J[37]
Antelope air defence system  Republic of China Short-range SAM ?? Mounts four TC-1L interceptors
M-1097 Avenger (AN/TWQ-1)  United States SPAAG 74 In service with Northern and Central Army Group only,
came with 1299 Stingers purchased in the same deal[37]
Dual Mounted Stinger (DMS)  United States Short-range SAM 116 55 Stinger DMS launchers with 465 RMP rounds, from US Army stockpile and rebuilt/refurbished, sold to Taiwan May 1996 for 80 million.[49] 61 Stinger DMS launchers with 728 rounds, delivered between 1996 and 1998 for 180 million, some transferred to ROCMC[37]
FIM-92 Stinger  United States MANPADS 2,223 250 Stinger Block-1-92 ordered in 2018[50]
CS/MPQ-90 Bee Eye  Republic of China AESA radar 17[51] Integrated with Avenger and Antelope batteries from 2010[52] Six on order as of 2019.

Anti-ship weapons[edit]

Platform Origin Type In service Notes
Hsiung Feng III  Republic of China Anti-ship missile (AShM) ?? Truck platform[53]
Hsiung Feng II  Republic of China Anti-ship missile (AShM) ?? Truck platform

Anti-tank weapons[edit]

A 4-round XM65 Missile Launcher on outboard hardpoint of a ROCA AH-1W 20110813
Platform Origin Type In service Notes
Hellfire AGM-114L  United States Anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) 1,000 Delivered 2012-2014[50]
Hellfire AGM-114K3  United States Anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) 240 Carried by AH-1W and OH-58D since 1999
Hellfire AGM-114C  United States Anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) 684 Carried by AH-1W and OH-58D[37]
BGM-71 TOW-2A/B  United States Anti-Tank Missile (ATGM) 3,100+ [54] 163+ launchers, used by ROC Army and ROCMC on HUMVEE, M-113, CM-25, and on AH-1W and OH-58D helicopters.[55] 769 BGM-71F TOW-2B ARF ordered in 2018[37]
FGM-148 Javelin  United States Anti-tank missile (ATGM) 542 60 launchers, 208 missiles ordered in 2017[50]
APILAS  France Anti-Tank Missile (ATM) 1,000 Over 1,000 delivered by 1998
M136 (AT4)  Sweden Rocket-propelled grenade (RPG) ?? Licence-built in US
M72 LAW  United States Rocket-propelled grenade (RPG) ?? Produced locally as the Type 66

Other surface attack weapons[edit]

Two AGM-114 Hellfire Missiles loaded on the mounting bracket of an ROCA OH-58D
Platform Origin Type In service Notes
Yun Feng  Republic of China Supersonic cruise missile ~50 Truck platform, twenty improved missiles ordered in 2018.[56]
Hsiung Feng IIE  Republic of China Subsonic cruise missile Dozens to hundreds[57] Truck platform[53]
Tien Chi  Republic of China Short-range ballistic missile (SRBM) 15-50[58] Silo based
AGM-114M3 Hellfire  United States Air-to-surface missile (ASM) 449 Carry by AH-1W or OH-58D or AH-64E, ordered 9/2002[48]
Hydra 70[59]  United States Anti-materiel rocket ?? Carry by AH-64E, AH-1W, or OH-58D. Both imported and domestically produced.[60]

Small arms[edit]

T-93 sniper rifle with the Taiwanese team competing in the International Sniper Competition at Fort Benning, Georgia in 2010
T91 rifles and M14
ROCA Special Force Team ASSC 2
ROCA Special Force Team ASSC 2
ROCA LWRCI R.E.P.R. 20 on display at the Armor School Museum
Weapon Origin Cartridge Type Notes
T75K1/T75K3  Republic of China 9×19mm Parabellum Pistol Based on M9/Beretta 92
Glock 17  Austria 9×19mm Parabellum Pistol
USP  Germany 9×19mm Parabellum Pistol
T51  Republic of China .45 ACP Pistol License-produced M1911A1
Uzi  Israel 9×19mm Parabellum Submachine gun
Type 77 SMG  Republic of China 9×19mm Parabellum Submachine gun
Calico M960  United States 9×19mm Parabellum Submachine gun
MP5A5  Germany 9×19mm Parabellum Submachine gun
FN P90  Belgium FN 5.7x28mm Personal defense weapon
M1 Carbine  United States .30 Carbine Carbine
Franchi SPAS-12  Italy 12-gauge Combat shotgun
M1014  Italy 12-gauge Semi-automatic shotgun
M16A1  United States 5.56mm NATO Assault rifle Limited use only
T65  Republic of China 5.56mm NATO Assault rifle
T86  Republic of China 5.56mm NATO

40mm grenade

Assault rifle Evaluation only
AUG  Austria 5.56mm NATO Assault rifle
M4A1  United States 5.56mm NATO Assault rifle
Carbine
T91 carbine  Republic of China 5.56mm NATO Assault rifle
Carbine
Current standard issue
Type 57  Republic of China 7.62mm NATO Battle rifle License-produced M14
LWRC International R.E.P.R. 20  United States .308 Winchester Designated marksman rifle LWRC International
M24  United States .308 Winchester Sniper rifle
T93 sniper rifle  Republic of China 7.62 × 51 mm NATO Sniper rifle
SSG-2000   Switzerland .308 Winchester Sniper rifle
DSR-1  Germany .308 Winchester Sniper rifle
PSG-1  Germany .308 Winchester Sniper rifle
Barrett M82A1 and also M107A1  United States .50 BMG Sniper rifle Used with Army Special Forces
FN Minimi or T75 light machine gun  Belgium 5.56mm NATO Squad automatic weapon
T74 general-purpose machine gun  Republic of China 7.62mm NATO General-purpose machine gun Based on FN MAG
M2  United States .50 BMG Heavy machine gun
T85 grenade launcher  Republic of China 40mm grenade Grenade launcher
MGL Mk-1  South Africa 40mm grenade Grenade launcher
Mk-19 Mod 3  United States 40mm grenade Automatic grenade launcher Licensed production in Taiwan

Watercraft[edit]

Platform Origin Manufacturer Type Notes
K85  Republic of China Karmin 8.7m rigid inflatable boat More than 30 purchased, in service with ROCA special forces[61]

Future weapons and acquisition[edit]

XT-97 rifle
Platform Origin Cartridge Type Notes
XT-99  Republic of China 9×19mm Parabellum Machine pistol In development from Glock 18, SIG P226, FN FNP-45, Five-seveN, and PDW[62]
MSR 9mm  Republic of China 9×19mm Parabellum Submachine gun In development from HK MP5, Magpul FMG-9, B&T MP9, FN P90, and PDW[63]
XT-97  Republic of China 5.56mm NATO Assault rifle Designed in 2008 due for service in 2011 for Special forces[citation needed]
XT-100  Republic of China 6.8mm SPC Assault rifle In development from Gas-Operation, M951-KIT02, BGV-QDSF, and Harris BRM-S[64]
XT-101  Republic of China 3-in-one Assault rifle In development from 6.5 Grendel, Diamondhead D-45, Ergo 4015, and Vltor EMod[65]
MUSR  Republic of China 3-in-one Assault rifle In development from FN Scar, HK416, SG 550, AK-12, ARX-160, ACR, and XCR[66]
XT-98  Republic of China 7.62mm NATO 7.62mm NATO battle rifle In development from Mk 14 EBR, FN FAL, SR-25, and LWRC REPR[62]
TC-2N  Republic of China Medium-range SAM Six batteries and 246 missiles ordered in 2019[67]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]