Republic of China Marine Corps

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Not to be confused with People's Liberation Army Marine Corps, the marine forces of the People's Republic of China (PRC).
Republic of China Marine Corps
中華民國海軍陸戰隊
Zhōnghuá Mínguó Hǎijūn Lùzhàndùi
Flag of the Republic of China Marine Corps.svg
Flag of the Republic of China (Taiwan) Marine Corps
Active December 1914 – present
Country  Taiwan (Republic of China)
Type Marine combined arms
Role Amphibious and expeditionary warfare
Size 9,000 active
Part of Republic of China Navy
(since 1924)
Headquarters Zuoying, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Motto(s) "Forever Loyalty" modeled after the USMC's "Semper Fidelis".
Engagements Chinese Civil War
Vietnam War
Commanders
Commander of the Republic of China Marine Corps ROCMC Lieutenant General's Flag.svg Lt. General Chen Tzi-feng
Insignia
Emblem Republic of China Marine Corp (ROCMC) Logo.svg

The Republic of China Marine Corps (Chinese Marine Corps, Chinese: 中華民國海軍陸戰隊; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó Hǎijūn Lùzhàndùi) is the amphibious arm of the Republic of China Navy responsible for amphibious combat, counter-landing and reinforcement of the main island of Taiwan, remote islands, defense of ROCN facilities, and also functions as a rapid reaction force and a strategic reserve.

Organization[edit]

Marines at Zuoying Naval pier

Republic of China Marine Corps Command (中華民國海軍陸戰隊指揮部)[edit]

Marine Corps Command is subordinate to Navy GHQ, the General Staff, the Minister of Defense, and the ROC President.

  • Brigades (formerly divisions)
    • 66th Marine Brigade 'Vanguard' (陸戰六六旅「先鋒部隊」), Taipei area, receiving M60A3TTS to replace M41 tanks[1]
    • 77th Marine Brigade 'Iron Guards' (陸戰七七旅「鐵衛部隊」), Garrison brigade, CCK and other area all over Taiwan
    • 99th Marine Brigade 'Iron Force' (陸戰九九旅「鐵軍部隊」), Kaohsiung
  • Groups
    • Amphibious Armor Group (登陸戰車大隊)
      • 4 Amphibious Transport Squadrons (運輸中隊), 24+ tracks per squadron. 1st(AAV-7), 2nd(AAV-7), 3rd(LVT-5), 4th(LVT-5).
      • 2 Amphibious Artillery Squadrons (砲兵中隊), mortars, 1st(LVT-5) and 2nd(LVT-5).
    • Amphibious Reconnaissance and Patrol Unit, ARP (zh-tw:海軍陸戰隊兩棲偵搜大隊): nicknamed "Frogmen" and regarded as the ROC Military's counterpart to US Navy SEALs, over half of the 600 troops of this unit are aboriginal Taiwanese
      • 3 Reconnaissance Company(偵搜中隊)
      • 1 Special Service Company(特勤中隊)
      • 1 Underwater Demolition Company(爆破中隊)
      • 1 Support Company(支援中隊)
    • Combat Support Group (戰鬥支援大隊), combined formerly the Beach Logistics Group and the Communications, Information, and Electronic Warfare Group[2]
  • Wuchiu Garrison Command (烏坵守備大隊)
  • Armed Force Joint Operation Training Base (三軍聯合作戰訓練基地)
  • Corps HQ Battalion (隊部營)

History[edit]

ROC Marine personnel
ROC Marine Frogmen

The ROC Marine Corps were formed from the former Navy Sentry Corps in December 1914. In 2004, the ROCMC redeployed a brigade near the Taipei area to defend against a possible PRC decapitation strike.

The Marine Corps used to be 2 divisions, 66th and 99th divisions, in size, when its doctrine focused on retaking mainland China. Since its transition to a defensive posture, the ROCMC has been downsized.

The ROC Marine Corps' official motto is "永遠忠誠" (Forever Loyalty), modeled after the USMC's "Semper Fidelis".

Equipment[edit]

ROC Marines with a Kurstal rocket launcher
Type Make/Model Origin #
Tanks M60A3 TTS  United States [3][4]
Tanks M41 Walker Bulldog  United States
Armored fighting vehicles AAV-P7A1 amphibious assault vehicles  United States 54
Armored fighting vehicles LVPT5A1 amphibious assault vehicles  United States 84
Armored fighting vehicles CM-25 AFV(CM-21 with 1 x TOW launcher)  Republic of China
Armoured fighting landing vehicle LVT-5 (LVTH-6, LVTE-1, LVTR-1, LVTC-1)  United States
Armoured fighting vehicles CM-24  Republic of China
Armoured vehicle M998 USA
Artillery M101 howitzer  United States
Artillery M109 howitzer  United States
Anti-Tank BGM-71 TOW-2A/B  United States
Anti-Tank MK-153 SMAW  United States
Anti-Tank FGM-148 Javelin Anti-Tank Guided Missile  United States [5]
Anti-Tank M40A1 recoilless rifle  United States
SAM Stinger DMS(Dual Mount Stinger)  United States
SAM MIM-72/M48 Chaparral locally upgraded FLIR by CSIST  United States
Assault Rifle T65K2 assault rifle  Republic of China
Assault Rifle T91 combat rifle  Republic of China
Squad Automatic Weapon T75 squad machinegun  Republic of China
Sniper Rifle SSG-2000   Switzerland
Sniper Rifle T93  Republic of China
Automated grenade launcher Mk 19 grenade launcher  United States
Autocannon T-75 20mm
ASW Naval utility helicopter McDonnell Douglas MD 500 Defender  United States

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "ROCMC's 66th Brigade Receiving New Tanks". Retrieved 2010-11-23. 
  2. ^ "ROCMC's new Combat Support Group". Retrieved 2010-11-09. 
  3. ^ "ROCMC M41 tanks". Retrieved 2010-11-09. 
  4. ^ "ROCMC's 66th Brigade Receiving New Tanks". Retrieved 2010-11-23. 
  5. ^ "ROCMC open base 2010". Retrieved 2010-10-09. 

External links & links[edit]