Republic of China at the 1960 Summer Olympics
|Chinese Taipei at the Olympic Games|
|At the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome|
|Competitors||27 (24 men, 3 women) in 6 sports|
|Olympic history (summary)|
* As the Republic of China** As Taiwan
|Other related appearances|
|Republic of China (1932–48)|
The Republic of China (Taiwan) competed at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, Italy. 27 competitors, 24 men and 3 women, took part in 18 events in 6 sports. The nation won its first ever Olympic medal. The ROC was forced to use the name "Formosa" (formerly the common Western name for the island). In the opening ceremony the athletes marched behind a sign reading "UNDER PROTEST". 
Three shooters represented the Republic of China in 1960.
- "Chinese Taipei at the 1960 Rome Summer Games". Sports Reference. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
- Mallon, Bill; Heijmans, Jeroen (2011), Historical Dictionary of the Olympic Movement (4 ed.), Plymouth, United Kingdom: Scarecrow Press, Inc., p. 78, ISBN 978-0-8108-7249-3
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