Republic of China on Taiwan
Republic of China on Taiwan is a political term as well as discourse regarding the present status of the Republic of China. It is proposed by former president of the Republic of China Lee Teng-hui. During his presidential tenure in 1995, Lee visited his alma mater Cornell University and mentioned this term when delivering an Olin Lecture.
The term is one of the several terms regarding the Republic of China, and is not exactly about Taiwan independence. The term was once categorized under the stages of the Republic of China in a syllabus of Chinese history course.
Before Lee Teng-hui coined the term, the officials of the Republic of China have always been using the state's official name "Republic of China". Therefore the term was regarded as a breakthrough.
In regards to the origin of the term, Lee Teng-hui explained in 2005 during a lecture in Lee Teng-Hui Institute that, following the World War II, Chiang Kai-shek's forces temporarily occupied the island of Taiwan under the direction of Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers Douglas MacArthur, and because both Treaty of San Francisco and Treaty of Taipei concluded afterwards did not explicitly specify to whom Japan renounced the sovereignty of Taiwan for, the legal status of Taiwan has become undetermined, and therefore he coined the term "Republic of China on Taiwan".
Position of the People's Republic of China (PRC)
Because the term is not exactly about Taiwan independence, the government of the People's Republic of China focused on blaming the government of the United States for allowing Lee Teng-hui to visit, and asked the United States to stick to the "One-China policy".
The government of the People's Republic of China stated: “The reunification of China must be achieved. We never allow the seceding of Taiwan from China through 'Two Chinas', 'One China, One Taiwan', or any other means.”
- Four-Stage Theory of the Republic of China
- Taiwan after World War II
- Legal status of Taiwan
- Politics of the Republic of China
- Elections in the Republic of China
- President of the Republic of China
- Four Noes and One Without
- 總統李登輝訪美國康乃爾大學，臺灣民主受推崇, Government Information Office (Chinese)
- 民國84年李登輝總統於康乃爾大學歐林講座發表演講, National Central Library (Chinese)
- 陳永昌 (July 4, 2005). "李登輝：台灣要獨立 應與美國談法定地位". Central News Agency (in Chinese). Taipei. Retrieved June 13, 2016.
- 李欣芳 (July 5, 2005). "李登輝：台灣要獨立 應跟美談法定地位". Liberty Times (in Chinese). Taipei. Retrieved July 11, 2016.
- "中国政府坚决反对"两个中国"、"一中一台"等分裂主张". Xinhuanet (in Chinese). Archived from the original on June 20, 2003. Retrieved February 13, 2015.