Taiwan passport

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Taiwan Passport
Taiwan ROC Passport.jpg
Cover of the Taiwanese biometric passport.
Issued by  Republic of China
Type of document Passport
Purpose Identification
Eligibility requirements Republic of China nationality
Expiration 5, 10 years
Republic of China passport
Traditional Chinese 中華民國護照
Simplified Chinese 中华民国护照
Taiwan passport
Traditional Chinese 臺灣護照
Simplified Chinese 台湾护照

The Republic of China passport (Chinese: 中華民國護照; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó hùzhào)[1][2][3][4] is the passport issued to nationals of the Republic of China, also known as Taiwan passport or Taiwanese passport.

The status of the ROC passport is complicated due to the political status of Taiwan. Taiwan's nationality law considers not only residents of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen, and Matsu, but overseas Chinese and Chinese residents of mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macau to be nationals of the Republic of China.[5] Persons in the latter categories may be eligible for a ROC passport under certain conditions, but do not have household registration in Taiwan and thus do not enjoy the right to reside in Taiwan.[a][6] Countries granting visa-free privileges to Taiwan passport holders often require that a National Identity Card number be imprinted on the passport, signifying that the holder has household registration in Taiwan.

Taiwanese passport is one of the 5 passports with the most improved rating globally since 2006 in terms of number of countries that its holders may visit without a visa.[7]

Passport appearance[edit]


The current ROC (Taiwan) biometric passport was issued since December 29, 2008.[8] An ordinary ROC (Taiwan) passport is in dark green, the national emblem – Blue Sky with a White Sun is represented in the middle. On the top is the official name of the country "REPUBLIC OF CHINA" in both Traditional Chinese characters and English. Below the national emblem printed "TAIWAN" in English and "PASSPORT" in both Chinese and English. At the bottom is the symbol of biometric passport (EPassport logo.svg).[9]

An official passport is in brown and shows "OFFICIAL PASSPORT" on the cover, a diplomatic passport is in dark blue and shows "DIPLOMATIC PASSPORT" on the cover.

Request page[edit]

The first page of the passport is the passport note page and printed the following request, with anti-counterfeiting printing shows the shape of Taiwan at the top and word TAIWAN at the bottom
In Traditional Chinese


In English

The Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of China requests all whom it may concern to permit the national of the Republic of China named herein to pass freely and in case of need to give all possible aid and protection.
Request page of a Taiwan passport.
A sample ROC (Taiwan) passport data page
護    照
Photo 形式/Type
護照號碼/Passport No.
姓名/Name (Surname, Given names)
外文別名/Also Known As
身分證統一編號/Personal Id. No.
出生日期/Date of birth
01 SEP 2003
發照日期/Date of issue
29 DEC 2008
出生地/Place of birth
效期截止日期/Date of expiry
29 DEC 2018

Data page[edit]

Identification information for the passport holder and the machine readable zone beneath.

Data Description
Type P for ordinary passports, PO for official passports, PD for diplomatic passports
Code TWN, the ISO country code for Taiwan, officially named "Taiwan, Province of China" in ISO 3166-1
Passport No. a nine digit number, biometric passports begin at 3
Name both Chinese characters and romanization
Also Known As only printed for people who have another name
Nationality REPUBLIC OF CHINA, the official name of Taiwan
Personal Id. No. Taiwanese national ID number, does not print for overseas nationals
Sex M for male, F for female
Date of birth DD MMM YYYY
Date of issue DD MMM YYYY
Place of birth write the name of a province/special municipality or a foreign country, for example: TAIWAN,FUKIEN, TAIPEI CITY, NEW TAIPEI CITY, TAOYUAN CITY, TAICHUNG CITY, TAINAN CITY, KAOHSIUNG CITY
Date of expiry DD MMM YYYY
Authority write MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS for Taiwan citizens, the name of the issuing diplomatic mission for overseas nationals.

The data page is protected by a plastic anti-counterfeiting membrane, shows the laser hologram of the country code TWN and Broad-tailed Swallowtail Butterfly, an endemic species of Taiwan.

Inner pages[edit]

The inner pages of a Taiwan passport are printed in light purple, contains

  • Data page in 2
  • Signature page in 3
  • Amendment and endorsement pages from 4 to 7
  • Visa pages from 8 to 47
  • Remark pages from 48 to 50

Selected famous sights of Taiwan are printed in the inner pages, each page also contains a transparent watermark of Jade Mountain, the highest peak of the country.

Page Theme Division Page Theme Division
2 Airport and Taiwan High Speed Rail transportations Multi 26, 27 Alishan National Scenic Area and Alishan Forest Railway Chiayi
3 Electronics industry in Taiwan 28, 29 Rice agriculture in Chianan Plain
4, 5 Yehliu Scenic Area New Taipei 30, 31 Salt evaporation ponds in Qigu District Tainan
6, 7 Guandu Bridge and Bali District 32, 33 Eternal Golden Castle and Fort Provintia
8, 9 National Palace Museum Taipei 34, 35 Port of Kaohsiung Kaohsiung
10, 11 Taipei 101 and Taipei metro area 36, 37 Oil-paper umbrella of Meinong District
12, 13 Suspension bridge of Bitan New Taipei 38, 39 Kenting National Park and Eluanbi Lighthouse Pingtung
14, 15 Tea harvest in northern Taiwan Hsinchu 40, 41 Orchid Island and Tao People Taitung
16, 17 Dabajian Mountain in Shei-Pa National Park Miaoli 42, 43 Taroko National Park and Central Cross-Island Highway Hualien
18, 19 Formosan landlocked salmon Taichung 44, 45 Chingshui Cliff
20, 21 Taichung Park 46, 47 Guishan Island and Cetaceas Yilan
22, 23 Sun Moon Lake Nantou 48, 49 Volcanic geology Penghu
24, 25 Jade Mountain in Yushan National Park 50 Shisa Kinmen

Back cover[edit]

Contactless biometric data chip is installed in the back cover page, with the warning inside
In Traditional Chinese


In English

This passport contains a sensitive electronic chip, and should be treated with great care in the same way as a portable electronic device. For best performance, please do not bend, twist, perforate or staple the passport. Neither expose it to direct sunlight, extreme temperature or humidity. Avoid electro-magnetic fields or chemical substance.


Passport regulations for Taiwanese residents[edit]

Old version of a Republic of China passport issued in 1982.

Nationals with household registration in the Taiwan Area may apply passport from Bureau of Consular Affairs in Taipei or its branch offices in Kaohsiung, Hualien and Taichung with the following documents.

For the first time application, the applicants are required to send their documents in person to the Bureau of Consular Affairs.

  • Processing time: Four working days.
  • Validity period: Starting from May 21, 2000, validity period for an ordinary passport is generally 10 years. For the applicant aged under 15 is 5 years. For the male citizens who have not complete his conscription duty is 3 years.
  • Application fee: Effective since January 1, 2013, the application fee for a 10-year passport is TWD $1300, for a passport with restricted validity period is TWD $900.[10]

With regard to the policy of conscription in Taiwan, travel restrictions are placed on male citizens from the age of 15 until they have completed their military service. When a passport is issued to such a citizen, a stamp with the following words will be shown on the remarks page, and a sticker which describes the regulation will be pasted to the back cover of the passport.[11]
In Traditional Chinese:

Translation: The bearer needs a permission to travel abroad and has not yet completed military service.

Before travelling with this passport, the holder needs to apply for permission from the National Immigration Agency or the conscription administration near his residence. The permission is another stamp on the remark pages which detail the expiration date and the authority.

Passport regulations for overseas nationals[edit]

The ROC passport of a national without household registration does not have an identification card number listed on its data pages in the empty spaces labelled (1).
Entry permit for overseas nationals

Today around 60,000 Taiwan passport holders are overseas nationals, accounting for approximately 0.5% of total valid passports. The overseas nationals do not have household registration in Taiwan, and hence do not have the right of abode in Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu and other outlying islands.


Overseas nationals can only apply passport from an embassy, consulate or Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office near their residing country with the following document.

The Republic of China (Taiwan) nationality law adopts the jus sanguinis principle. The ancestor's nationality of a person may be a proof of that person's nationality. There are various of documents may applied, see the following eligibility paragraph.

  • Application fee: For a 10-year passport is USD $45, for a passport with restricted validity period is USD $31.[10]

Travel requirements and limitations[edit]

Unlike residents of Taiwan, Taiwanese overseas nationals do not automatically have right of abode in Taiwan. They are required to apply for an entry permit to enter Taiwan prior to their travel. The application must be submitted to the embassy, consulate or Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office near their residing country. Once application is approved, a visa-type permit will be pasted on the visa page.

Because of the lack of right of abode, the overseas nationals the remark page 50 will show the following words in stamp.
In Traditional Chinese:

Translation: This passport is not eligible for the visa waiver programs of some countries according to their regulations.

Unlike passports of Taiwanese residents, passports for overseas nationals contain a special stamp that indicates overseas nationals status and exempts holders from conscription.

Eligibility for holding Taiwan passport[edit]

Old Republic of China passport issued in 1946

The ROC was founded in 1912 governing the whole of mainland China. At the end of the Second World War in 1945, the Republic of China was given administrative jurisdiction over Taiwan, The Republic of China has maintained control of it ever since. At the Chinese Civil War's end in 1949, the ROC lost its control of mainland China to the Chinese Communist Party, which renamed the region the People's Republic of China (PRC). Henceforth, the ROC has been able to administer only Taiwan and some islands off the Mainland's coast. Maintaining the view that it is still the legitimate government of the whole of China, the ROC does not formally recognize the legitimacy of PRC. It has also constitutionally defined all the territory under its control as the "Free Area" (or the "Taiwan Area") and the territory outside Taiwan Area as the "Mainland Area". The ROC constitution allows the ROC government to make laws for one Area of the country without affecting the other Area.[citation needed].

However, permanent residents in of the Mainland Area, Hong Kong or Macau are not generally eligible to obtain a ROC passport [Passport Act, Article 9].[13] Furthermore, Overseas Chinese applicants normally must submit one of the following forms of proof of ROC nationality [Passport Act Enforcement Rules, Article 13]:[14]

  • A ROC passport;
  • A Certificate of Overseas Chinese status, issued on the basis of proof of ROC nationality;
  • Proof of ROC nationality for a parent or ancestor, together with proof of descent. (Those in the chain of descent born before the 1980s must be descended through the male line).

There are certain exceptions to this in certain cases for first- and second- generation emigrants, but in general an applicant will be unable to obtain a ROC passport unless he already holds ROC-issued nationality documentation for himself or an ancestor.

Therefore, for a person to obtain a ROC passport, one of the following must normally apply:

  • The person first obtained proof of ROC nationality before 1949, when the ROC controlled the Mainland Area; or
  • The person first obtained a ROC passport before 1 July 1997 as a resident of Hong Kong, or before 20 December 1999 as resident of Macau; or
  • The person first obtained a ROC passport before 2002, as an Overseas-born Chinese, on the basis of Chinese ethnicity, before the Passport Act Enforcement Rules were revised to prevent this; or
  • The person obtained an ROC passport after emigrating overseas from the Mainland Area [Passport Act Enforcement Rules, Article 18];[14] or
  • The person obtained an ROC passport after emigrating overseas from Hong Kong or Macau, whilst not holding a foreign passport other than a BN(O) passport [Passport Act Enforcement Rules, Article 19], or after being born overseas to a parent who so emigrated;[14] or
  • The person has an ancestor in one of the previous categories (i.e. the ancestor actually obtained the ROC document, as opposed to merely having the right to do so), and the chain of descent is through the male line until the 1980s.

The interior is in traditional Chinese characters and English. Until the mid-1990s, the passport also contained an entry for provincial ancestry (籍貫), stating the Chinese province and county of one's ancestral home, but this field has been eliminated. However, the Chinese province and county of birth is still listed in the birthplace entry if the passport holder was born in either mainland China or Taiwan.

Limitation in usage[edit]

Even though Taiwan maintains official relations with only 22 countries, the ROC passport is still accepted as a valid travel document in most countries of the world. Taiwanese enjoy visa-free status in 158 countries. However, some countries, pursuant to their positions on Taiwan's political status, refuse to visé or stamp ROC passports, and instead issue a separate travel document to Taiwanese travelers to avoid conveying any kind of recognition to the ROC, or to Taiwan as a polity distinct from the PRC.

Country or Area Restriction in use
 Argentina Visitor permit issued in a separate paper.
 Brunei Visa issued on a separate paper.
China Mainland, People's Republic of China ROC passports are not recognized or accepted. Taiwanese are required to apply for a Chinese Mainland Travel Permit for Taiwan Residents (a credit card sized travel document).
 Hong Kong, People's Republic of China Taiwan passport holders are required to apply online for pre-arrival registration in advance (since September 1, 2012).[15] The Hong Kong Immigration Department will issue a Hong Kong entry permit upon arrival, which can be in the form of either a separate card (for a single entry) or booklet (for multiple entries). Taiwanese travelers can also enter Hong Kong for up to 30 days with a valid Chinese Mainland Travel Permit for Taiwan Residents (since 27 April 2009).[16]
 Kenya Visa issued on a separate paper.
 Laos Visa issued on a separate paper travel document (passport-size; with photo)
 Macau, People's Republic of China Stamps are placed on the Arrival/Departure Card, which is collected upon a Taiwanese visitor's departure from Macau. Passports are stamped only when Taiwanese visitors leave/enter Macau to/from a third country via Macau International Airport. Taiwan passport holders have been granted visa-free access for up to 30 days since 1982.[17]
 Morocco Visa issued on a separate paper
 Myanmar Visa issued on a separate sheet that is stapled to the passport
   Nepal Visa issued on a separate sheet that is stapled to the passport
 Serbia Tourist Pass issued on a separate paper.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ That is, such passport holders cannot be removed to the issuing jurisdiction of the passport. Similar examples include British National (Overseas) who do not have the right of abode in the United Kingdom.


  1. ^ "St. Lucia customs woes show utility of new passport". Taipei Times. December 2, 2007. Retrieved September 8, 2008. 
  2. ^ "Taiwanese Passport Move Denounced". China Internet Information Center. June 14, 2003. Retrieved 2008-09-08. 
  3. ^ "Taiwan passport change angers China". BBC News Online. 13 January 2002. Retrieved 2008-09-08. 
  4. ^ "ISECO-Israel Economic and Cultural Office in Taipei". Iseco.org.tw. Retrieved 2008-09-08. 
  5. ^ Roger Mark Selya, Development and Demographic Change in Taiwan (World Scientific, 2004), p. 329.
  6. ^ Shelley Rigger, "Nationalism versus Citizenship on Taiwan," in Changing Meanings of Citizenship in Modern China, Merle Goldman, Elizabeth Jean Perry ed. (Harvard University Press, 2002), 360-61.
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ 晶片護照來了 12.29發行[dead link]
  9. ^ "台灣新版護照封面 將加註ISSUED IN TAIWAN 字樣 (The new version of the passport cover in Taiwan will be marked with an "issued in Taiwan" remark)". Epoch Times (in Chinese). January 14, 2002. 
  10. ^ a b "Passport Application Fees". Bureau of Consular Affairs. January 1, 2013. 
  11. ^ "Enforcement Rules of the Passport Act". Retrieved April 27, 2011. 
  12. ^ travel.state.gov, Taiwan Reciprocity Schedule, US State Dept., retrieved 2011-07-07 
  13. ^ "Passport Act". Retrieved September 9, 2012. 
  14. ^ a b c "Enforcement Rules of the Passport Act". Retrieved September 9, 2012. 
  15. ^ Pre-arrival Registration for Taiwan Residents
  16. ^ Hong Kong to provide free online visa services for Taiwanese
  17. ^ Section VIII.B.2.1

External links[edit]

* Bureau of Consular Affairs