Republic of Cospaia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Cospaia Republic
Repubblica di Cospaia


Flag Coat of arms
Perpetua et firma libertas
Location of Cospaia
Capital Cospaia
Languages Italian
Religion Roman Catholic
Government Republic
Historical era Early Modern
 •  Established 1440
 •  Partitioned May 25, 1826
Area 3.3 km² (1 sq mi)
Currency Ducal

Cospaia was a small republic in Italy, located in northern Umbria, independent from 1440 to 1826.


It unexpectedly gained independence in 1440 after Pope Eugene IV, embroiled in a struggle with the Council of Basel, made a sale of territory to the Republic of Florence. By error, a small strip of land went unmentioned in the sale treaty and its inhabitants promptly declared themselves independent. An early centre in Italy for tobacco production, Cospaia eventually evolved into a commerce haven which, in 1826, was divided between Tuscany and the Papal States. Each citizen was awarded a silver coin by the church to help convince them to continue farming tobacco.

Today, Cospaia is a hamlet (frazione) of the comune of San Giustino in the Province of Perugia.



The Republic of Cospaia was almost completely anarchist[citation needed] in its government and criminal justice system, or lack thereof. There were no jails and there was no standing army or police force within the tiny nation. There was a council of elders and a chief's family who governed at one point. They met in the Church of Annunciation for councils.

See also[edit]


  • Ascani, Angelo (1963). Cospaia: storia inedita della singolare Repubblica. Umbria: Città di Castello. 
  • Natali, Filippo (1892). La stato libero di Cospaia: nell'alta Valle del Tevere (1440-1826). Umbertide: stab. tip. Tiberino. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Cospaia at Wikimedia Commons