Republic of Macedonia–Russia relations

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Macedonia–Russia relations
Map indicating locations of Macedonia and Russia



Macedonia–Russia relations (Macedonian: Македонско-руски односи, Russian: Российско-македонские отношения) are foreign relations between the Republic of Macedonia and the Russian Federation. Bilateral political relations between Macedonia and Russia are friendly and characterized by high-level cooperation between the two countries.[1] Russia has an embassy in Skopje, while the Republic of Macedonia has an embassy in Moscow and a consulate in St. Petersburg. The current ambassador of Russia to Macedonia is Oleg Nikolayevich Shcherbak.[2]

History of relations[edit]

Patriarch of the Russian Orthodox Church Alexy I performing a joint ceremony with Macedonian Archbishop Dositheus II in Skopje, 1962.
Macedonian president Gjorge Ivanov and the Russian president Dmitry Medvedev on the 2010 Moscow Victory Day Parade.

Russia recognized Macedonia as an independent state on 4 August 1992, about one year after Macedonia's declaration of independence from Yugoslavia.[3] The Russian Federation by that move became the first major power in the world to recognize Macedonia under its constitutional name Republic of Macedonia,[3][4][5] by which it is recognized today by 131 states.[6] The establishment of full diplomatic relations between the two states took place on 31 January 1994.[3]

Political relations[edit]

The Russian consulate in Bitola.

Over 40 agreements were signed by the Republic of Macedonia and the Russian Federation in the first 15 years of their bilateral relations,[3] among them the important Declaration of Friendship and Cooperation in 1998.[1]

Economic relations[edit]

Macedonia gives special importance to investments from Russia. One very positive example is the one of Russia's largest oil company - Lukoil.[7][dead link]