Republic of Negros
|Republic of Negros|
|Filipino: Republika ng Negros|
|Provisional Revolutionary Government(1898-1899)
US Protectorate (1899–1901)
Location of Negros in the Philippines
|Languages||Hiligaynon, Cebuano and Spanish|
|Governor General of the Provinces||Melecio Severino|
|President of the Chamber of Deputies||José Ruiz de Luzurriaga|
|Legislature||Chamber of Deputies|
|Historical era||Century XIX-XX|
|•||End of the Negros Revolution||November 27, 1898|
|•||Disestablished||April 30, 1901|
|Today part of||Philippines|
Part of a series on the
|History of the Philippines|
The Republic of Negros (Spanish: República de Negros; Hiligaynon: Republika sang Negros; Cebuano: Republika sa Negros; Filipino: Republika ng Negros) was a short-lived revolutionary republic in the eponymous island, and later, an administrative division, which existed while the Philippines was under Spanish and American sovereignty.
From 3 November to 6 November 1898, the people of Negros rose in revolt against the Spanish authorities headed by politico-military governor, colonel Isidro de Castro. The Spaniards decided to surrender upon seeing armed troops marching in a pincer movement towards Bacolod, the main city of the island. The revolutionaries, led by generals Juan Araneta, from Bago and Aniceto Lacson, from Talisay, were actually carrying fake arms consisting of rifles carved out of palm fronds and cannons of rolled bamboo mats painted black. On 5 November, Spanish officials surrendered themselves to native leaders. A provisional government was then established with Aniceto Lacson as President, and a notice of this was sent to Emilio Aguinaldo in Luzon.
On November 27, 1898, the unicameral Chamber of Deputies (Spanish: Cámara de Diputados) met in Bacolod and declared the establishment of the Cantonal Republic of Negros (Spanish: República Cantonal de Negros). The Chamber of Deputies acted as a Constituent Assembly to draft a constitution.
With the looming invasion of the United States Army, President Aniceto Lacson raised the American flag in the Casa Real to welcome the army as a friendly force. Despite the initial protest from the Negros Oriental deputies, the republic came under U.S. protection on April 30, 1899 as a separate state from the rest of the Philippine Islands and on the next day, the constitution was passed. On 22 July 1899, it was renamed the Republic of Negros. However, on 30 April 1901, it had been dissolved and the island of Negros was annexed to the Philippine Islands by the United States, which retained control until the Japanese imperial occupation in the Second World War.
The leaders of the short-lived republic were:
(November 5, 1898 - November 27, 1898)
November 5, 1898 - July 22, 1899
(President in Negros Occidental only until November 27, 1898)
(November 24, 1898 - November 27, 1898)
November 5, 1898 - July 22, 1899
(President in Negros Oriental only)
July 22, 1899 - November 6, 1899
President of the Chamber of Deputies Eusebio Luzurriaga Secretary of the Treasury Simeon Lizares Secretary of the Interior Nicolas Golez Secretary of Public Works Agustin Amenablar Secretary of Agriculture and Commerce Juan Araneta Secretary of War Antonio Ledesma Jayme
July 24, 1854 - October 9, 1937
Secretary of Justice Melecio Severino
November 6, 1899 - April 30, 1901
Governor-General of the Provinces
In Bago City, the event was chronicled in a historic marker found in the Public Plaza, which bears the following inscriptions:
REPÚBLICA DE NEGROS
- "The Two Republics of Negros". Retrieved 26 October 2012.
- "What is the República Negrénse?". Retrieved 27 September 2013.
- Kalaw, Maximo Manguiat (1921). The Present Government of the Philippines. Oriental commercial. p. 148. ISBN 1-4067-4636-3.(Note: 1. The book cover incorrectly lists author as "Maximo M Lalaw", 2. Originally published in 1921 by The McCullough Printing Co., Manila)
- Zaide, Gregorio F. (1970). Philippine Constitutional History and Constitutions of Modern Nations: With Full Texts of the Constitutions of the Philippines and Other Modern Nations. Modern Book Co. p. 34.
- WorldStatesmen. "Philippines - Republic of Negros". Retrieved 10 August 2010.