Republican Party of India
|Founded||3 October 1957|
|Preceded by||Scheduled Castes Federation|
|Student wing||Republican Student Federation of India|
|Ideology||Dalit Buddhist movement
The Republican Party of India (RPI) is a political party in India. It has its roots in the Scheduled Castes Federation led by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar. The 'Training School for Entrance to Politics' was established by Dr. Ambedkar in 1956 which was to serve as an entry point to the Republican Party of India (RPI). The first batch of the school consisted of 15 students. Its first batch turned out to be last batch as the school was closed after Dr. Ambedkar's demise in 1956.
During the recent years RPI suffered severe internal strife. Several distinct parties claim the name of RPI. There are more than 50 factions of RPI. In 2009, all factions of RPI except Prakash Ambedkar's Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangha reunited to form a united "Republican Party of India (United)". Later, Republican Party of India (Gavai) split again from the united party. Splinter groups of RPI include:
- Bhartiya Dalit Panther of Dayal Bahadure
- Republican Party of India (Athvale) of Ramdas Athvale
- Republican Party of India (Tamil Nadu) of M.G.Nagamani
- Republican Party of India (Gavai) of R.S. Gavai and Rajendra Gavai
- Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangha of Prakash Ambedkar
- Peoples Republican Party of Prof. Jogendra Kawade
- Republican Party of India (Democratic) of T.M. Kamble
- Republican Party of India (B.C. Kamble) of B.C. Kamble
- Republican Party of India (Khobragade) of B.D. Khobragade
- Republican Party of India (Mogha) of Shivram Mogha
- Republican Party of India (Talwatkar) of Ghanshyam Talwatkar
- Republican Party of India (Sivaraj)
- Republican Party of India (Raja Dhale)
- Indian Republican Party (Dalit Panther) of Namdeo Dhasal
- Bahujan Mahasangh of Makhram Pawar
- Republican Party of India-RK of Rajaram Kharat (Ashok Deodhekar)
- Republican Party of India RPI(E) Ektawadi United (Nana Sahib) of (Gangaram indise)
- National Republican Party of Annasaheb Katare
- Republican Party of India (Jai Bhim) of Adv.Prakash Bhaskarrao Bhosale
- Prabuddha Republican Party of Adv.Sham Tangade and Ayu.Satish Gaikwad
- "In Ambedkar's state, Dalit parties stare at oblivion". dna. 1 October 2014. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
- "JNU scholars will revive Dr. Ambedkar's Political School". The Hindu. Retrieved 31 August 2016.
- "Poke Me: Has Indian politics failed BR Ambedkar?". timesofindia-economictimes. 16 April 2015. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
- TNN (7 December 2014). "RPI factions clash on Ambedkar death anniversary". The Times of India. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
- "Veteran Republican Party of India leader R S Gavai no more". mid-day. 30 October 1929. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
- "The two Ambedkarite parties, the Republican Party of India led by Ramdas Athawale and the Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangh led by Prakash Ambedkar".
- "Uttam Khobragade, leader of Ambedkar's Republican Party of India, however, said despite Ambedkar's opposition to Hinduism competition among parties to claim his legacy was a positive development for Dalits.".