1976 Republican Party presidential primaries

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1976 Republican Party presidential primaries

← 1972 January 19 to June 8, 1976 1980 →

2,259 delegates to the Republican National Convention
1,130 votes needed to win
 
Candidate Gerald Ford Ronald Reagan
Home state Michigan California
Delegate count 1,121[1] 1,078[1]
Contests won 27 24
Popular vote 5,529,899 4,760,222
Percentage 53.3% 45.9%


Previous Republican nominee

Richard Nixon

Republican nominee

Gerald Ford

From January 19 to June 8 1976, voters of the Republican Party chose its nominee for president in the 1976 United States presidential election. The major candidates were incumbent President Gerald Ford and former Governor of California Ronald Reagan. After a series of primary elections and caucuses, neither secured a majority of the delegates before the convention.

The 1976 election marks the first time that Republican primaries or caucuses were held in every state and D.C.; the Democrats had done so in 1972. It was also the last election in which the Republican nominee was undetermined at the start of the party's national convention.

Background[edit]

August 1974 – February 1975: The Ford presidency begins[edit]

Following the Watergate scandal and resignation of President Richard Nixon, Vice President Gerald Ford was elevated to president on August 9, 1974. Because Ford had been appointed vice president by Nixon following the resignation of Spiro Agnew from the position, he became the only president inaugurated without having been previously voted into either the presidential or vice presidential office by the Electoral College.

On September 8, Ford's first major act in office was to grant a full and unconditional pardon for any crimes Richard Nixon might have committed against the United States while President. Following his pardon of Nixon, Ford's approval ratings among the American public dropped precipitously. Within a week, his approval rating fell from 69% to 49%, the steepest decline in history.[2]

The economy was in dire condition upon Ford's elevation, marked by the worst peacetime inflation in American history and the highest interest rates in a century. The Dow Jones had declined 43 percent from October 1973 to September 1974.[3] To combat inflation, Ford first proposed a tax increase and later, in response to Democratic calls for a permanent cut in taxes, a temporary moderate decrease. Reagan publicly criticized both proposals.[4]

Race and education divided public opinion, especially over issues such as forced integration and changes to public school curriculum. Political violence over education policy broke out in Boston and Charleston, West Virginia. Abortion also became a nationally salient issue after the Supreme Court's Roe v. Wade decision, which was handed down the year prior in 1973 and struck down state restrictions on abortion nationwide.

In the 1974 midterm elections, the Democratic Party dramatically expanded its majorities in both the House and Senate. The elections were seen as a referendum on the Republican Party post-Watergate and on the political establishment more generally. Newly elected members of Congress became known as "Watergate Babies" and aggressively pursued procedural and oversight reforms.

During this period, Ronald Reagan concluded his second term in office as Governor of California. His administration was marked by efforts to dismantle the welfare state and a high-profile crackdown on urban crime and left-wing dissent, especially at the University of California, Berkeley. He also led an effort to enforce the state's capital punishment laws but was blocked by the California Supreme Court in the People v. Anderson decision. Following Reagan's retirement from office in January 1975, he began hosting a national radio show and writing a national newspaper column.

March–July 1975: Conservatives revolt and Reagan rises[edit]

Conservative opposition to Ford within the Republican Party began to surface in December 1974, following his appointment of New York Governor Nelson Rockefeller as vice president. For more than a decade, Rockefeller had represented the party's liberal establishment, and the appointment faced immediate criticism from right-wing senators like Jesse Helms, Barry Goldwater and John Tower, though Rockefeller's confirmation in the Senate was largely undeterred.[5]

Discontent reached a fever pitch at the second annual Conservative Political Action Conference in February. Speaking there, Reagan dismissed calls to seek the presidency on a third-party ticket: "Is it a third party that we need, or is it a new and revitalized second party, raising a banner of no pale pastels, but bold colors which could make it unmistakably clear where we stand on all the issues troubling the people?" Speakers at CPAC also criticized Ford administration policy, Vice President Rockefeller, and First Lady Betty Ford's public campaign in support of abortion and the Equal Rights Amendment. In March, discussion of Reagan's presidential prospects began to grow following an appearance on The Tonight Show and a profile in Newsweek that called him "the most kinetic single presence in American political life." In defense, the administration drafted a letter of support for President Ford that received the signatures of 113 of 145 GOP representatives and 31 of 38 senators.[6] Ford formally announced he would run for reelection on July 8.

President Ford's snub of Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn drew criticism from conservative Cold War hawks, including Ronald Reagan

More than any domestic issue in 1975, foreign policy drove a wedge between the President and his conservative critics. Following the American evacuation of Saigon and the collapse of South Vietnam, these criticisms grew vociferous. On his radio show, Reagan compared the withdrawal from Saigon to the Munich Agreement and warned that it would "tempt the Soviet Union as it once tempted Hitler and the military rulers of Japan."[7] While Ford regained some support from conservatives following the rescue of the SS Mayaguez in Cambodia,[8] he soon drew the ire of the party's right wing with a series of foreign policy moves designed to improve relations with the Soviet Union.

First, President Ford refused to meet with Soviet dissident Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn on his visit to the United States on June 21. In response, Reagan publicly criticized Ford by name for the first time in his national newspaper column, contrasting the popular Solzhenitsyn to other "guests the President had entertained in the White House, "the Strawberry Queen of West Virginia and the Maid of Cotton."[9] The day after this column ran, Senator Paul Laxalt announced the formation of a committee named "Friends of Ronald Reagan,"[10] organized for the purpose of drafting Reagan to run for president.

Ford followed the Solzhenitsyn affair with an overseas trip to Eastern Europe, where he signed the Helsinki Accords, a treaty establishing that the current boundaries of Eastern European nations were "inviolable by force." Conservatives and anti-communists harshly criticized Ford for capitulating to Soviet demands and formally recognizing the Eastern bloc. The Wall Street Journal called the Helsinki agreement the "new Yalta."[11] By late August, Ford's approval rating was polled at 34%.[12]

On September 5 in Sacramento, Ford survived the first of two attempts on his life by lone assassins.[13] A second attempt followed on September 21.[14] Neither assassin struck Ford.

September–December 1975: Reagan enters the race[edit]

In September, Reagan began to actively campaign in key early states. He stumped in New Hampshire for Louis Wyman in the special election for Senate and began to assemble a campaign staff led by campaign manager John Sears. He secured the endorsement of New Hampshire's conservative governor Meldrim Thomson Jr. and state party chairman, as well as support from moderate former governor Hugh Gregg.[15]

On November 4, Vice President Nelson Rockefeller announced he would not seek nomination as Ford's running mate in 1976.[16] That same day, Ford fired Secretary of Defense James R. Schlesinger, whose critical comments on the Helsinki summit had been leaked to the press earlier in the fall.[17] That week, Ford traveled to Massachusetts and pledged to campaign in every primary in the nation.[18]

On November 20, Ronald Reagan officially announced his campaign for president.[19]

Campaign[edit]

Ford narrowly defeated Reagan in the New Hampshire primary, and then won the Florida and Illinois primaries by comfortable margins.[citation needed] During the first six contests, Reagan followed the "eleventh commandment" he used during his initial campaign for governor of California: "Thou shalt not speak ill of any fellow Republican."[20] By the North Carolina primary, Reagan's campaign was nearly out of money, and it was widely believed that another defeat would force him to quit the race. But with the help of U.S. Senator Jesse Helms's powerful political organization, Reagan upset Ford. Reagan had abandoned the approach of invoking the commandment and beat Ford 52% to 46%, regaining momentum.[21]

Reagan then had a string of impressive victories, including Texas, where he won all delegates at stake in its first binding primary. Four other delegates chosen at the Texas state convention went to Reagan and the state shut out its U.S. senator, John G. Tower, who had been named to manage the Ford campaign on the convention floor. Ford bounced back to win his home state of Michigan, and from there, the two candidates engaged in an increasingly bitter nip-and-tuck contest for delegates. By the time the party's convention opened in August 1976, the race was still too close to call.

Reagan was the first candidate to win a presidential primary against an incumbent actively running for reelection since Estes Kefauver defeated Harry Truman in the 1952 New Hampshire primary.[22] Former Texas governor John Connally speculated that Reagan's attacks weakened Ford in the general election against his opponent and eventual successor, Jimmy Carter.[21]

Schedule and results[edit]

Date

(daily totals)

Contest Total pledged
delegates
Delegates won and popular vote
Gerald
Ford
Ronald
Reagan
Other/Uncommitted
January 6 New York

(state convention)[23]

37 (of 154) - - 37[a]
January 19 Iowa
(caucus)[23][b]
0 (of 36) 264 (45.28%) 248 (42.54%) 71 (12.18%)
January 31 Guam

(territorial convention)[23]

0 (of 4) - - 4[c]
February 24 New Hampshire[24] 21 (of 21) 18
55,156 (49.39%)
3
53,569 (47.96%)

2,949 (2.65%)
February 26 District of Columbia

(city convention)[23]

14 (of 14) 14 - -
February 29 Puerto Rico

(territorial convention)[23]

8 (of 8) - - 8[d]
March 2[25] Massachusetts[25] 43 (of 43) 27
115,375 (59.65%)
15
63,555 (32.86%)
1
14,481 (7.49%)
Vermont[25] 0 (of 18) 27,014 (84.00%) 4,892 (15.21%) 252 (0.78%)
March 9 Florida[26] 66 (of 66) 43
321,982 (52.88%)
23
286,897 (47.12%)
-
March 16 Illinois[27] 101 (of 101) 81
456,750 (58.87%)
12
311,295 (40.12%)
8
7,848 (1.01%)
March 23 North Carolina[28] 54 (of 54) 25
88,897 (45.89%)
28
101,468 (52.38%)
1
3,362 (1.74%)
April 6 New York[29] 117 (of 154) - 3 114[e]
Wisconsin[30] 45 (of 45) 41
325,869 (55.19%)
4
262,126 (44.40%)

2,423 (0.41%)
April 10 Mississippi

(state convention)[31]

30 (of 30) - - 30
April 24 Arizona

(state convention)[32]

29 (of 29) 2 27 -
South Carolina

(state convention)[33]

36 (of 36) 6 23 7[f]
April 27 Pennsylvania[34] 103 (of 103) 733,472 (91.99%) 40,510 (5.08%) 103
23,376 (2.93%)
April 30 Maine

(state convention)[35]

20 (of 20) - - 20[g]
May 1 Texas[36] 96 (of 100) 139,944 (33.37%) 96
278,300 (66.36%)
1,162 (0.28%)
May 4 Alabama[37] 37 (of 37) ? ? ?
Georgia[38] 48 (of 48) ?
59,801 (31.73%)
?
128,671 (68.27%)
Indiana[38] 54 (of 54) 15
307,513 (48.71%)
39
323,779 (51.29%)
May 8 Kansas

(district conventions)[39]

15 (of 34) 11 3 1
Oklahoma

(district conventions)[39]

18 (of 36) - - 18[h]
Wyoming

(state convention)[39]

17 (of 17) - - 17
May 11 Nebraska 25 (of 25) 10
94,542 (45.36%)
15
113,493 (54.46%)
379 (0.18%)
West Virginia 28 (of 28) ?
88,386 (56.77%)
?
67,306 (43.23%)
May 15 - 17 Hawaii

(state convention)

19 (of 19) - - 19
May 18 Maryland 43 (of 43) ?
96,291 (58.02%)
?
69,680 (41.98%)
Michigan 84 (of 84) 55
690,187 (64.94%)
29
364,052 (34.25%)

8,587 (0.81%)
May 21 - 22 Alaska

(state convention)[40]

19 (of 19) 17 2 -
May 22 Kansas

(state convention)[40]

19 (of 34) 17 1 1
Vermont

(state convention)[40]

18 (of 18) 17 - 1[i]
May 25 Arkansas[41] 27 (of 27) 9
11,430 (35.12%)
18
20,628 (63.39%)
483 (1.48%)
Idaho[41] 21 (of 21) ?
22,323 (24.89%)
?
66,643 (74.30%)
727 (0.81%)
Kentucky[41] 37 (of 37) 20
67,976 (50.91%)
17
62,683 (46.94%)
2,869 (2.15%)
Nevada[41] 18 (of 18) ?
13,747 (28.79%)
?
31,637 (66.26%)
2,365 (4.95%)
Oregon[42] 31 (of 31) ?
150,181 (50.30%)
?
136,691 (45.79%)
11,662 (3.91%)
Tennessee[42] 43 (of 43) 22
120,685 (49.76%)
21
118,997 (49.06%)
2,853 (1.18%)
June 8 California[43] 167 (of 167) ?
845,655 (34.51%)
?
1,604,836 (65.49%)
Montana 0 (of 20) 31,100 (34.64%) 56,683 (63.14%) 1,996 (2.22%)
New Jersey 67 66
242,122 (100.00%)
1

?

?
Ohio 97 91
516,111 (55.15%)
6
419,646 (44.85%)
Rhode Island 23 ?
9,365 (65.25%)
?
4,480 (31.21%)
507 (3.53%)
South Dakota 23 ?
36,976 (43.98%)
?
43,068 (51.22%)

4,033 (4.79%)
Total pledged delegates
(Popular vote)
824
5,672,619 (52.51%)
678
5,036,872 (46.63%)
5
92,454 (0.86%)

Candidates[edit]

This was the last time during the 20th century (and the last time to date) that a primary season had ended without a presumptive nominee.

Nominee[edit]

Candidate Most recent office Home state Campaign

Withdrawal date

Popular vote Contests won Running mate
Gerald Ford President of the United States
(1974–1977)
Michigan
Michigan

(Campaign)
Secured nomination: August 19, 1976
5,529,899
(53.3%)
27
IA, NH, MA, VT, FL, IL, WI, PA, WV, MD, MI, KY, OR, TN, RI, NJ, OH, ME, CT, NY, DE, MS, KS, MN, ND, AK, HI, DC
Bob Dole

Eliminated at convention[edit]

Candidate Most recent office Home state Campaign

Withdrawal date

Popular vote Contests won
Ronald Reagan Governor of California
(1967–1975)

California

(Campaign)
Defeated at convention: August 19, 1976
4,760,222
(45.9%)
24
NC, TX, GA, IN, NE, AR, ID, NV, MT, SD, CA, VA, SC, AL, LA, MO, OK, NM, CO, WY, AZ, UT, WA

Candidates who declined to run[edit]

Endorsements[edit]

List of Gerald Ford endorsements
Former Senators
Former Representatives
Former Governors

Polling[edit]

National polling[edit]

Before August 1974[edit]

Poll source Publication Sample size
Spiro Agnew
Howard Baker
John Connally
Gerald Ford
Barry Goldwater
Charles Percy
Ronald Reagan
Nelson Rockefeller
Other
Undecided/None
Gallup[56] March 30–April 2, 1973 700 35% 1% 15% 8% 20% 11% 5%[j] 6%
Gallup[57] August 30, 1973 ? 22% 11% 10% 7% 22% 13% 6%[k] 9%
12% 12% 8% 32% 16% 9%[l] 11%
Gallup[58] Oct. 6–8, 1973 356 3% 16% 14% 29% 19% 6%[m] 8%
Gallup January 4–7, 1974 377 5% 9% 24% 8% 20% 18% 8%[n] 8%
7% 11% 11% 26% 25% 10%[o] 10%
Gallup July 21, 1974 ? 5% 5% 27% 16% 4% 16% 12% 8%[p] 7%
  1. ^ Most of the uncommitted slates supported President Ford
  2. ^ Iowa Republicans didn't conduct a presidential preference poll for their 1976 caucuses. The results shown are a random sampling that was only conducted in various precincts throughout the state that showed an edge for President Ford. Since delegates weren't required to declare their presidential preference, even through the district and state conventions, it was difficult to judge the breakdown of Iowa's Republican delegation until the convention
  3. ^ Although all 4 of Guam's delegates were technically uncommitted, they were in favor of Ford.
  4. ^ Although all 8 of Puerto Rico's delegates were technically uncommitted, they were in favor of Ford.
  5. ^ 12 delegates ran as pro-Reagan but didn't have Reagan's endorsement or any support from his organization
  6. ^ 4 delegates were leaning to Reagan
  7. ^ 14 delegates were said to favor President Ford, 3 Reagan, and 1 uncommitted
  8. ^ All 18 delegates were controlled by Reagan supporters
  9. ^ One uncommitted delegate favorably supported President Ford
  10. ^ James Buckley with 2%, Edward Brooke and Daniel Evans with 1% each, and Bill Brock with 0%
  11. ^ James Buckley with 3%, Edward Brooke with 2%, Daniel Evans with 1%, and Bill Brock with 0%
  12. ^ James Buckley with 5%, Edward Brooke with 2%, Daniel Evans with 1%, and Bill Brock with 1%
  13. ^ James Buckley with 3%, Edward Brooke with 2%, Bill Brock with 1%, and Daniel Evans with 0%
  14. ^ Elliot Richardson with 3%, Mark Hatfield and James Buckley with 2% each, and Edward Brooke with 1%
  15. ^ Elliot Richardson with 4%, James Buckley with 3%, Mark Hatfield with 2%, and Edward Brooke with 1%
  16. ^ Elliot Richardson with 3%, James Buckley with 2%, Mark Hatfield with 2%, and Edward Brooke with 1%

August 1974–December 1975[edit]

Poll source Publication Sample size
Howard Baker
John Connally
Gerald Ford
Barry Goldwater
Charles Percy
Ronald Reagan
Nelson Rockefeller
Other
Undecided/None
Gallup[59] Feb. 28–Mar. 3, 1975 330 4% 34% 17% 3% 22% 10% 7%[a] 3%
Gallup[60][61] June 27–30, 1975 375 4% 2% 41% 13% 4% 20% 5% 6%[b] 5%
Gallup[61] Aug. 15–18, 1975 348 3% 3% 45% 11% 4% 19% 7% 5%[c] 3%
Gallup Oct. 17–20, 1975 339 2% 1% 48% 7% 2% 25% 5% 2%[d] 5%
Gallup[62] Nov. 21–24, 1975 352 2% 1% 32% 10% 3% 40% 6% 5%[e] 1%
  1. ^ Mark Hatfield with 3%, Elliot Richardson with 3%, and James Buckley with 1%
  2. ^ Elliot Richardson with 3%, Mark Hatfield with 2%, and James L. Buckley with 1%
  3. ^ James L. Buckley with 2%, Mark Hatfield with 2%, and Elliot Richardson with 1%
  4. ^ Elliot Richardson with 3%, James L. Buckley and Mark Hatfield with 1% each
  5. ^ Mark Hatfield with 2%, Elliot Richardson with 2%, and James L. Buckley with 1%

Head-to-head polling[edit]

Poll source Publication Sample size
Gerald Ford
Ronald Reagan
Undecided/None
Gallup[60] June 27–30, 1975 375 61% 33% 6%
Gallup[63] Dec. 12–15, 1975 ? 45% 45% 10%

Convention[edit]

The 1976 Republican National Convention was held in Kansas City. As the convention began, Ford was seen as having a slight lead in delegate votes, but fewer than the 1,130 he needed to win. Reagan and Ford competed for the votes of individual delegates and state delegations. In a bid to woo moderate Northern Republicans, Reagan shocked the convention by announcing that if he won the nomination, Senator Richard Schweiker of Pennsylvania, from the northern liberal wing of the party, would be his running mate. The move backfired, however, as few moderates switched to Reagan while many conservative delegates were outraged. The key state of Mississippi, which Reagan needed, narrowly voted for Ford; it was believed that Reagan's choice of Schweiker led Clarke Reed, Mississippi's chairman, to switch to Ford. Ford then narrowly won the nomination on the first ballot. He chose Senator Robert Dole of Kansas as his running mate. After giving his acceptance speech, Ford asked Reagan to say a few words to the convention.

The 1976 Republican National Convention at Kemper Arena in Kansas City. Vice presidential candidate Bob Dole is on the far left, then Nancy Reagan, former Governor Ronald Reagan is at the center shaking hands with President Gerald Ford, Vice President Nelson Rockefeller is just to the right of Ford, followed by Susan Ford and First Lady Betty Ford.

Results[edit]

First ballot vote for the presidential nomination by state delegation.
Partial county results.

Convention tally:[64]

Vice-presidential nomination[edit]

Ford chose Senator Robert J. Dole of Kansas as his running mate, while Reagan chose Pennsylvania Senator Richard Schweiker.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Based on Time Magazine estimate prior to the 1976 convention; both candidates were short of the needed 1,130 delegates. "Another Loss For the Gipper." CNN AllPolitics "Back in TIME" series. Retrieved 2016-03-24.
  2. ^ Perlstein, Rick (2014). The Invisible Bridge: The Fall of Nixon and The Rise of Reagan (1 ed.). Simon & Schuster. pp. 284–85. ISBN 978-1-4767-8241-6.
  3. ^ Perlstein 2014, p. 280.
  4. ^ a b Perlstein 2014, p. 414.
  5. ^ Perlstein 2014, pp. 308–309.
  6. ^ Perlstein 2014, pp. 440–442.
  7. ^ Perlstein 2014, p. 432.
  8. ^ Perlstein 2014, pp. 464–65.
  9. ^ Perlstein 2014, p. 488.
  10. ^ Perlstein 2014, p. 489.
  11. ^ Perlstein 2014, p. 491.
  12. ^ Perlstein 2014, p. 494.
  13. ^ Perlstein 2014, pp. 497–99.
  14. ^ Perlstein 2014, p. 509.
  15. ^ Perlstein 2014, p. 503.
  16. ^ Perlstein 2014, p. 527.
  17. ^ Perlstein 2014, p. 526.
  18. ^ Perlstein 2014, p. 531.
  19. ^ Perlstein 2014, p. 539.
  20. ^ Reagan, Ronald (1990). An American Life. Simon and Schuster. p. 150.
  21. ^ a b Williams, Brian (17 October 2007). "the 11th commandment". NBC Nightly News. Archived from the original on 23 June 2011. Retrieved 15 September 2010.
  22. ^ "The Primary Election That Put New Hampshire on the Political Map". Time. 2016-02-09. Retrieved 2023-04-03.
  23. ^ a b c d e "President Ford Committee Weekly Report #35 March 29, 1976" (PDF). Ford Library.
  24. ^ "Ford Won 18 of 21 Delegates In Primary in New Hampshire". The New York Times. 1976-03-02. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2024-01-04.
  25. ^ a b c "Final Tallies in 2 Races". The New York Times. Retrieved 2024-01-04.
  26. ^ "FORD DEFEATS REAGAN IN FLORIDA; CARTER IS WINNER OVER WALLACE IN DEMOCRATIC VOTE, JACKSON 3D". The New York Times. 1976-03-10. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2024-01-05.
  27. ^ Times, William E. Farrell Special to The New York (1976-03-17). "FORD DECISIVELY DEFEATS REAGAN IN ILLINOIS VOTING; CARTER IS A SOLID WINNER". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2024-01-05.
  28. ^ Times, R. W. Apple Jr Special to The New York (1976-03-24). "REAGAN TOPS FORD IN N. CAROLINA FOR FIRST TRIUMPH IN A PRIMARY; CARTER EASILY DEFEATS WALLACE". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2024-01-05.
  29. ^ Carroll, Maurice (1976-04-08). "ackson on in New York By Narrowly Based Voting". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2024-01-05.
  30. ^ Times, Seth S. King Special to The New York (1976-04-07). "FORD EASY VICTOR". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2024-01-05.
  31. ^ "Mississippi's G.O.P. to Be Uncommitted". The New York Times. 1976-04-11. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2024-01-07.
  32. ^ Times, BYGrace Lichtenstein Special to The New York (1976-04-25). "G.O.P. IN ARIZONA ENDORSESRSESREAGAN". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2024-01-07.
  33. ^ "Reagan Wins Bulk of South Carolina's Delegates". The New York Times. 1976-04-25. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2024-01-07.
  34. ^ Times, James T. Wooten Special to The New York (1976-04-28). "CARTER IS VICTOR IN PENNSYLVANIA, BEATING JACKSON IN PIVOTAL TEST; UDALL IS NEXT, AHEAD OF WALLACE". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2024-01-07.
  35. ^ "MAINE CONVENTION FAVORS PRESIDENT". The New York Times. 1976-05-02. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2024-01-07.
  36. ^ Times, James P. Sterba Special to The New York (1976-05-03). "DEMOCRATIC VOTE PROPELS REAGAN TO TEXAS SWEEP". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2024-01-07.
  37. ^ Times, B. Drummond Ayres Jr Special to The New York (1976-05-06). "Results in Alabama Show Wallace Strength Fading". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2024-01-07.
  38. ^ a b Times, William F. Farrell Special to The New York (1976-05-05). "REAGAN LEADING FORD IN INDIANA AND IS WINNER IN GEORGIA RACE; CARTER IS VICTOR IN BOTH STATES". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2024-01-07.
  39. ^ a b c Kihss, Peter (1976-05-10). "REAGAN BROADENS LEAD OVER FORD IN DELEGATE RACE". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2024-01-07.
  40. ^ a b c Jr, R. W. Apple (1976-05-24). "CARTER SETBACKS IN PRIMARIES HURT DELEGATE REST". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2024-01-07.
  41. ^ a b c d Jr, R. W. Apple (1976-05-26). "FORD DEFEATS REAGAN IN KENTUCKY, LOSES ARKANSAS". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2024-01-08.
  42. ^ a b Jr, R. W. Apple (1976-05-26). "FORD TAKES KENTUCKY AND OREGON, LEADS TENNESSEE". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2024-01-08.
  43. ^ Jr, R. w Apple (1976-06-09). "FORD VICTOR IN JERSEY AND OHIO; CARTER IS SET BACK IN JERSEY; REAGAN, BROWN LEAD CALIFORNIA". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2024-01-08.
  44. ^ a b Perlstein 2014, p. 519.
  45. ^ Perlstein 2014, p. 450.
  46. ^ Perlstein 2014, p. 518.
  47. ^ Baker, Donald P (November 9, 1975). "Mathias Says He May Run In Presidential Primaries". The Washington Post. p. 21.
  48. ^ Will, George (January 25, 1976). "Sen. Mathias' 'Stroll'". The Washington Post. p. 131.
  49. ^ Peterson, Bill (February 8, 1976). "The Quiet Presidential Campaign". The Washington Post. p. 21.
  50. ^ Peterson, Bill (March 3, 1976). "Mathias Joins Almost-Rans, Will Not Seek Presidency". The Washington Post. p. A3.
  51. ^ Peterson, Bill (June 26, 1976). "Dissident Mathias Denied GOP Platform Committee Post". The Washington Post. p. A5.
  52. ^ Logan, Harold J (August 19, 1976). "Mathias' Convention Role Is Low-Key". The Washington Post. p. 14.
  53. ^ Perlstein 2014, p. 529.
  54. ^ "Agnew's '76 Campaign". The New York Times. 3 October 1972.
  55. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er "The original documents are located in Box 7, folder "Campaign - Letters of support from Former Members of Congress" of the John Marsh Files at the Gerald R. Ford Presidential Library" (PDF). 1976.
  56. ^ "AGNEW REMAINS TOP G.O.P. CHOICE: Little Damage Seen 35% in Gallup Poll Support Him for President in '76". The New York Times. 29 Apr 1973. p. 41.
  57. ^ Gallup, George (30 Aug 1973). "GALLUP POLL: Agnew is losing support". p. 29.
  58. ^ "Reagan Leads, Rockefeller Is 2d In Gallup Poll on '76 Nomination". The New York Times. 21 Oct 1973. p. 54.
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