Republican Proposal

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Republican Proposal
Propuesta Republicana
President Humberto Schiavoni
Founded October 23, 2005 (2005-10-23) (alliance)
June 3, 2010 (2010-06-03) (party)
Merger of Commitment to Change, Recreate for Growth
Headquarters Buenos Aires
Membership  (2012) 107,557
Ideology Liberal conservatism[1][2]
Conservative liberalism[3]
Political position Centre-right[4]
National affiliation Cambiemos
International affiliation International Democrat Union
Regional affiliation Union of Latin American Parties
Colors      Yellow
Seats in the Chamber
41 / 257
Seats in the Senate
6 / 72
Province Governors
2 / 24
(PRO governs the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires, which is not a Province)
Website
www.pro.com.ar

Republican Proposal (Spanish: Propuesta Republicana, PRO) is a centre-right political party in Argentina. It is usually referred to as PRO. PRO was formed as an electoral alliance in 2005, but was transformed into a unitary party on 3 June 2010.

History[edit]

PRO began as an alliance between Commitment to Change, the party of Mauricio Macri based in Buenos Aires, and Recreate for Growth (Recrear) of Ricardo López Murphy. It was created ahead of the legislative elections of 23 October 2005.

At the 2005 elections the alliance won nine of the 127 elected deputies (out of 257).

Other provincial center-right parties joined under the Recrear banner within PRO. Macri and López Murphy had been in discussions with Governor Jorge Sobisch, leader of the Neuquino People's Movement, another leading center-right politician, although these discussions broke down. Macri is the President of the alliance.

In the June 2007 elections in the city of Buenos Aires, PRO decisively won the election, with Macri becoming Head of Government and the alliance taking 15 of the 30 seats in the city legislature. In addition to Commitment to Change and Recreate for Growth, the alliance included the Democratic Progressive Party, the Democratic Party, the Federal Party, the Movement for Integration and Development (MID), the Popular Union, the White Party and the Front of Independent Youth.

In the October 2007 Presidential and legislative elections, PRO did not officially back a candidate but gave tacit support to the bid of López Murphy, who stood as the Recrear candidate. Sobisch also stood. López Murphy did poorly gaining just 1.45% of the vote. PRO and its allies stood in the congressional elections and made a net gain of 2 seats in the Chamber of Deputies winning 6 seats overall. However, its 13% share of the vote in October 2007 in the city of Buenos Aires contrasted with its 44% share just a few months previously in the city elections.

In August 2009, Recreate for Growth gave up its formal independence and was completely absorbed by the Republican Proposal. On 3 June 2010, the alliance became recognized as a national political party.

Republican Proposal joined the International Democrat Union on 17 January 2017.[5]

President Macri and Vicepresident Gabriela Michetti,in their Inauguration Ceremony in Argentine Parliament, in December 10, 2015.

Political position[edit]

Economic position[edit]

PRO is a centre right party by Argentinian standards. It supports lower taxes, deregulation, free trade [6] and Macri has expressed opposition to the nationalization of the country's airline and oil companies.

When he got to the presidency, he started his economic agenda by liberalizing foreign exchange and imports controls, cutting personal income taxes and slashing utilities subsidies.

LGBT rights[edit]

Even though the majority of national deputies of PRO voted against same-sex marriage[7] (specially national deputies Gabriela Michetti and Silvia Majdalani worked very actively on the campaigns against it),[8] Mauricio Macri has supported LGBT rights to the point of confronting with some of his allies.[9]

Electoral history[edit]

Presidential elections[edit]

Election year Candidate(s) First Round Second Round Result Note
# votes  % vote # votes  % vote
2007 Ricardo López Murphy 273,015 1.43 Red XN Defeated as Recreate for Growth
2015 Mauricio Macri 8,601,063 34.15% 12,997,938 51.34% Green tickY Victory as Cambiemos

Congressional elections[edit]

Chamber of Deputies[edit]

Election year votes  % seats won Total seats Position Presidency Note
2005 1,046,020 6.2 9
9 / 257
Minority Néstor Kirchner (FPV—PJ) In opposition
2007 141,660 0
9 / 257
Minority Néstor Kirchner (FPV—PJ) In opposition
2009 3,391,391 17.7 20
20 / 257
Minority Cristina Kirchner (FPV—PJ) In opposition
2011 471,851 2.3 3
11 / 257
Minority Cristina Kirchner (FPV—PJ) In opposition
2013 2,033,459 9.0 18
20 / 257
Minority Cristina Kirchner (FPV—PJ) In opposition
2015 8,601,063 34.15 21
41 / 257
Minority Mauricio Macri (PRO) In government

Senate elections[edit]

Election year votes  % seats won Total seats Position Presidency Note
2005 492,892 6.2 0
0 / 72
Minority Néstor Kirchner (FPV—PJ)
2007 20,077 0
0 / 72
Minority Néstor Kirchner (FPV—PJ)
2009 121,100 0
0 / 72
Minority Cristina Kirchner (FPV—PJ)
2011 55,023 0.5 0
0 / 72
Minority Cristina Kirchner (FPV—PJ)
2013 779,404 15.16 3
3 / 72
Minority Cristina Kirchner (FPV—PJ)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sergio Morresi, Right and Center-Right in Contemporary Argentina: The PRO Party Case, Paper presented at XXIInd. World Congress of Political Science, Research Committee 23: Elections, Citizens and Parties, Madrid, July 8 to 12, 2012
  2. ^ Sergio D. Morresi & Gabriel Vommaro, The Difficulties of the Partisan Right in Argentina: The Case of the PRO Party, Draft, March 2013
  3. ^ Fernando Amato y Sol Peralta. Gabriela: Historia íntima de la mujer detrás de la política. 
  4. ^ Flores-Macías, Gustavo A. (2012), After Neoliberalism?: The Left and Economic Reforms in Latin America, Oxford University Press, p. 70 
  5. ^ "Meet PRO, Argentina – the IDU's newest member". International Democrat Union. 17 January 2017. Retrieved 28 January 2017. 
  6. ^ [, Mexico embrace free trade | Argentina Business & Investment Forum , Mexico embrace free trade | Argentina Business & Investment Forum] Check |url= value (help).  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ http://www.perfil.com/politica/Matrimonio-gay-como-voto-cada-Diputado-20100505-0021.html
  8. ^ http://blogs.tn.com.ar/todxs/2013/08/08/paso2013/
  9. ^ http://www.argentinosalerta.org/noticia/2847-mauricio-macri-un-firme-aliado-del-homosexualismo-pol%C3%ADtico

External links[edit]