Requiem in C minor (Cherubini)
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The Requiem in C minor for mixed chorus was written by Luigi Cherubini in 1816 and premiered 21 January 1817 at a commemoration service for Louis XVI of France on the twenty-fourth anniversary of his beheading during the French Revolution.
This particular setting of the requiem Mass consists of seven movements:
In 1820 a funeral march and a motet In Paradisum were added. In 1834 the work was prohibited by the archbishop of Paris because of its use of women's voices, and in 1836 Cherubini wrote a second Requiem in D minor for men's chorus.
The Requiem is orchestrated for SATB-choir, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons, 2 trumpets, 2 horns, 3 trombones, timpani, gong and strings. Note the absence of flutes and SATB-soloists, and the presence of a gong, notably in the opening of the Dies Irae.
Discography and references
A notable recording of this requiem was made under the baton of Arturo Toscanini, with the NBC Symphony Orchestra and Robert Shaw Chorale. Also included in the compilation is the Te Deum from Verdi's Quattro pezzi sacri. A recording of the Requiem in C Minor with the Ambrosian Singers and the Philharmonia Orchestra conducted by Riccardo Muti was made in 1982 and released by EMI. The later requiem in D minor was recorded by the same choir, orchestra and conductor, and released by EMI in 1987. Boston Baroque recorded the C-minor Requiem under Martin Pearlman in 2007 for Telarc.
The piece was also featured in the 1992 film Twin Peaks: Fire Walk With Me.
- Michael Fend in Grove p. 577: For the anniversary of the execution of Louis XVI on 21 January 1817 he wrote his first Requiem (C minor), which, contrary to his usual practice, had no soloists.
- Deane, Basil (1980). "Cherubini, Luigi (Carlo Zanobi Salvadore Maria)". In Sadie, Stanley (ed.). The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. 4. London: Macmillan. p. 208. ISBN 0333231112.
- Landon, H. C. Robbins (1970). Beethoven--A Documentary Study. Translated by Wadleigh, Richard; Hartzell, Eugene. New York: Macmillan. p. 393.
- Steinberg, p. 103.
- Steinberg, Michael, Choral Masterworks: A Listener's Guide (Oxford University Press, 2008)