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A rerebrace connected to a pauldron (which would cover the shoulder)

A rerebrace (sometimes known as an upper cannon[1]) is a piece of armour designed to protect the upper arms (above the elbow). Splint rerebraces were a feature of Byzantine armour in the Early Medieval period. The rerebrace seems to have re-emerged in England, in the early 14th century.[2] As part of the full plate armour of the Late Middle Ages and Renaissance the rerebrace was a tubular piece of armour between the shoulder defences (pauldron) and the elbow protection (couter).


  1. ^ David Edge, John Miles Paddock (1993) [1988]. Arms & Armor of the Medieval Knight (Crescent Books reprint ed.). New York City: Crescent Books. pp. 79–80. ISBN 0517103192. 
  2. ^ George Cameron Stone (1999) [1934]. A Glossary of the Construction, Decoration and Use of Arms and Armor in All Countries and in All Times (Dover ed.). Mineola NY: Dover Publications. p. 526. ISBN 0486407268. 

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