Res publica christiana

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Res publica christiana is a Latin phrase combining the idea of res publica and christiana to describe the worldwide community of Christianity and its well-being. A single English word with somewhat comparable meaning is "Christendom"; it is also translated as "The Christian Commonwealth".[1]

This phrase is notably found in the encyclical Christianae Republicae Salus, a Roman Catholic Church document which condemns Voltairian and masonic indifferentism in matters of religion.

According to Nolan (2006), Europe ceased being a res publica Christiana due to the 16th- and 17th-century wars of the Reformation and Counter-Reformation, and became a "state system" with a sharp separation of church and state.[1] The principle of cuius regio, eius religio ("whose realm, his religion"), first formulated at the Peace of Augsburg (1555), was confirmed at the Peace of Westphalia (1648), which gave secular states sovereignty over religions, and rejected any supranational religious authority.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Nolan, Cathal J. (2006). The Age of Wars of Religion, 1000-1650: An Encyclopedia of Global Warfare and Civilization, Volume 2. London: Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 710. ISBN 9780313337345. Retrieved 8 February 2018. 

Further reading[edit]

  • João Marques de Almeida, The Peace of Westphalia and the Idea of Respublica Christiana [1]