Research Natural Area

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Perry Creek Research Natural Area in Washington

Research Natural Area is a designation for certain protected areas in the United States.

Research Natural Areas (RNAs) are part of a nationwide network of ecological areas set aside for both research and education. The network includes areas managed by many Federal agencies. The United States Forest Service and other agencies establish these areas to typify certain types of important forest, shrubland, grassland, aquatic, geological, alpine or similar environments that have unique characteristics of scientific interest. The areas "contain important ecological and scientific values and are managed for minimum human disturbance."[1]

The Bureau of Land Management is another agency that designates and manages Research Natural Areas.[1] According to the Bureau of Land Management, the objectives of the RNA program are "(1) To preserve examples of all significant natural ecosystems for comparison with those influenced by man; (2) to provide educational and research areas for ecological and environmental studies; and (3) to preserve gene pools of typical and endangered plants and animals. Research natural areas are intended to represent the full array of North American ecosystems with their biological communities, habitats, natural phenomena, and geological and hydrological formations." The Bureau of Land Management manages 192 RNAs with a total area of 502,748 acres (2,034.55 km2). [2]

As of 1993, the US Forest Service managed 289 established RNAs and more than 300 candidate RNAs.[3] As of 2018, there were 571 US Forest Service RNAs:

Forest Service Region Number of RNAs Reference
1, Northern 106 https://www.fs.fed.us/rmrs/rna-listings
2, Rocky Mountain 35 https://www.fs.fed.us/rmrs/rna-listings
3, Southwestern 18 https://www.fs.fed.us/rmrs/rna-listings
4, Intermountain 115 https://www.fs.fed.us/rmrs/rna-listings
5, Pacific Southwest 98 https://www.fs.fed.us/psw/rna/description.shtml#list
6, Pacific Northwest 87 http://www.fsl.orst.edu/rna/org_list.html
8, Southern 33 https://www.srs.fs.usda.gov/rna/estrnas/
9, Eastern and Northeastern 64 https://www.nrs.fs.fed.us/rna/established/
10, Alaska 15 https://www.fs.usda.gov/Internet/FSE_DOCUMENTS/fseprd573586.pdf, https://www.fs.usda.gov/Internet/FSE_DOCUMENTS/fseprd527907.pdf, p. J-3.

These areas are established under the Organic Act of 1897. Areas designated as Research Natural Areas are primarily located inside National Forests.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Bureau of Land Management. "BLM Guidelines for ACEC's and RNA's."[1] Accessed 23 April 2014
  2. ^ Bureau of Land Management. "Public Land Statistics: 2011" [2] p. 246. Accessed 23 April, 2014
  3. ^ Research Natural Areas Program, USDA Forest Service. National Strategy: Opportunities for the Future. USFS. July, 1993. Accessed 21 July 2010.