Research proposal

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A research proposal is a document proposing a research project, generally in the sciences or academia, and generally constitutes a request for sponsorship of that research.[1] Proposals are evaluated on the cost and potential impact of the proposed research, and on the soundness of the proposed plan for carrying it out.[2] Research proposals generally address several key points:[3][2]

  • What research question(s) will be addressed, and how they will be addressed
  • What cost and time will be required for the research
  • What prior research has been done on the topic
  • How the results of the research will be evaluated
  • How the research will benefit the sponsoring organization and other parties

Types[edit]

Research proposals may be solicited, meaning they are submitted in response to a request with specified requirements, such as an RFP, or they may be unsolicited, meaning they are submitted without prior request. Other types of proposals include "preproposals", where a letter of intent or brief abstract is submitted for review prior to submission of a full proposal; continuation proposals, which re-iterate an original proposal and its funding requirements in order to ensure continued funding; and renewal proposals, which seek continued sponsorship of a project which would otherwise be terminated.[3]

Academic research proposals are generally written as part of the initial requirements of writing a thesis, research paper, or dissertation. They generally follow the same format as a research paper, with an introduction, a literature review, a discussion of research methodology and goals, and a conclusion. This basic structure may vary between projects and between fields, each of which may have its own requirements.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Research proposal". BusinessDictionary.com. Retrieved 21 June 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Wong, Paul T. P. "How to Write a Research Proposal". International Network on Personal Meaning. Retrieved 21 June 2016. 
  3. ^ a b "Writing a Research Proposal". University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Retrieved 21 June 2016.