|• Mayor||Gjoko Strezovski (VMRO-DPMNE)|
|Elevation||885 m (2,904 ft)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Resen (Macedonian: Ресен [ˈrɛːsɛn] ( listen)) is a town in southwestern Macedonia, with just under 9,000 inhabitants. Resen is approximately equidistant between Bitola and Ohrid. The town rises 880 metres (2,887 feet) above sea level and is situated near Lake Prespa. Resen is also the only town in the Prespa Lake area and is the seat of Resen Municipality.
The name of the city in Macedonian is Resen (Ресен), in Serbian Resan (Ресан), and in Turkish Resne, while in Greek it is Resna (Ρέσνα). In Albanian the town is known as Resnjë; definite form: Resnja.
During the Middle Ages, the Prespa area was part of the Bulgarian empire under Samuil. After the Battle of Klyuch, some of Samuil's soldiers, who were each blinded in one eye, settled in a village on the shore of Lake Prespa. The Byzantines called the village Asamati. The Byzantine meaning of this word is "settlement of one-eyed people". From then on, Resen was under Byzantine rule.
Later, Resen became part of the Second Bulgarian Empire, Serbian Empire and Ottoman Empire, and it was the birthplace of Ahmed Niyazi Bey, an Albanian officer from a noble family of the town, who was one of the initiators and leaders of the Young Turk Revolution in the region in 1908. Ahmed Niyazi Bey's most famous monument in Resen is the Saraj, a French-style estate he built. In the late 19th and early 20th century, Resen was part of the Manastir Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire.
Old picture of the Saraj
As of the 2002 census, the town of Resen has 8,748 inhabitants and the ethnic composition was the following:
- Macedonians, 6,431 (73.5%)
- Turks, 1,369 (15.7%)
- Albanians, 325 (3.7%)
- others, 623 (7.1%)
The mother tongues of the city's residents include the following:
- Macedonian, 6,574 (75.2%)
- Turkish, 1,355 (15.5%)
- Albanian, 629 (7.2%)
- others, 190 (2.2%)
The religious composition of the city was the following:
- Orthodox Christians, 6,382 (73.0%)
- Muslims, 2,272 (26.0%)
- others, 94 (1.0%)
Resen has a mild continental climate with cold winters and warm summers, which makes it a tourist attraction, especially in summer. The climate and the quality of soil are key factors for Prespa's region to have a long tradition of agriculture. One of most important landmarks of Resen's today are the apple orchards, well known for the quality and specific taste of apples.
Resen is home to Prespa's Ceramic Colony, established in the 1970s, which attracts renowned artists from all over the world. The organization is included in the UNESCO International Academy of Ceramics. It is housed in the Saraj, which also houses the Dragi Tozija House of Culture, the Keraca Visulčeva Gallery, and a library.
- Municipality of Resen
- Barrington atlas of the Greek and Roman world: map-by-map directory, Tome 1,by Richard J. A. Talbert,page 758,near Resen?
- Kedourie, Sylvia (2000). Seventy-five years of the Turkish Republic. Psychology Press. p. 32. ISBN 978-0-7146-5042-5. Retrieved 18 February 2011.
- Macedonia National Tourism Portal Archived November 15, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Macedonian census, language and religion" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-09-03.
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