Reserve, Louisiana

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Reserve
Reserve is located in Louisiana
Reserve
Reserve
Location of Reserve in Louisiana
Coordinates: 30°03′45″N 90°33′12″W / 30.06250°N 90.55333°W / 30.06250; -90.55333Coordinates: 30°03′45″N 90°33′12″W / 30.06250°N 90.55333°W / 30.06250; -90.55333
CountryUnited States
StateLouisiana
ParishSt. John the Baptist
Area
 • Total17.1 sq mi (44 km2)
 • Land16.1 sq mi (42 km2)
 • Water1.0 sq mi (3 km2)
Elevation
13 ft (4 m)
Population
 (2000)
 • Total9,111
 • Density530/sq mi (210/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
70084
Area code985

Reserve is an unincorporated community in St. John the Baptist Parish, Louisiana, United States. It is located on the east bank of the Mississippi River. The population was 9,111 at the 2000 census. For statistical purposes, the United States Census Bureau has defined Reserve as a census-designated place (CDP).

History[edit]

Prior to the name Reserve, this town was once called Bonnet Carre; the town name had been changed by businessman and resident Leon Godchaux by the late 1800s. The Godchaux–Reserve Plantation was built by Leon Godchaux, and the oldest portion of the plantation home dates to 1764, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP).[1][2] In the early 20th century, the plantation at Reserve had the largest sugarcane refinery in the United States, named Godchaux Sugar Refinery.[3]

President William Howard Taft visited Reserve and the Godchaux–Reserve Plantation in 1909,[4] while President Gerald Ford visited Reserve in 1976.[citation needed]

In addition, in 2005 Our Lady of Grace Catholic Church, which dates back to 1937, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Our Lady of Grace was built to serve the needs of the African American Catholic Community.

Pontchartrain Works[edit]

In 2015, the United States Environmental Protection Agency reported findings of the existence of an extremely high risk of cancer in the region and noted that Reserve was the epicenter of the area of high risk for cancer.[5][6] The agency identified releases of the chemical compound chloroprene as responsible for the high risk.[7][8]

This chemical compound was being released from the Pontchartrain Works facility, a manufacturing facility owned and operated for decades by DuPont and sold in 2015 to Denka of Japan.[9] The facility is the only producer of the chemical in the United States.

Geography[edit]

Reserve is located at 30°3′45″N 90°33′12″W / 30.06250°N 90.55333°W / 30.06250; -90.55333 (30.062566, -90.553296).[10]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 17.1 square miles (44.3 km2), of which 16.1 square miles (41.6 km2) is land and 1.0 square mile (2.7 km2) (6.13%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

Reserve racial composition as of 2020[11]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 2,806 32.85%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 5,011 58.67%
Native American 26 0.3%
Asian 29 0.34%
Pacific Islander 2 0.02%
Other/Mixed 175 2.05%
Hispanic or Latino 492 5.76%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 8,541 people, 3,232 households, and 2,246 families residing in the CDP. As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 9,111 people, 3,068 households, and 2,347 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 567.1 people per square mile (218.9/km2). There were 3,385 housing units at an average density of 210.7 per square mile (81.3/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 44.17% White, 53.92% African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.60% from other races, and 0.78% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.98% of the population.

There were 3,068 households, out of which 41.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.6% were married couples living together, 22.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.5% were non-families. 20.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.97 and the average family size was 3.45.

In the CDP, the population was spread out, with 32.2% under the age of 18, 10.4% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 9.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.1 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $32,466, and the median income for a family was $40,191. Males had a median income of $33,297 versus $19,671 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $13,373. About 18.4% of families and 21.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.8% of those under age 18 and 15.0% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The St. John the Baptist Parish School Board operates public schools in the community. Two K-8 schools serve separate areas that have Reserve addresses:[13]

  • East St. John Elementary School
  • Fifth Ward Elementary School

High schools:

Private schools:

St. Peter Catholic School of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New Orleans is a K-7 Catholic school.[16] Our Lady of Grace School was a Catholic K-7 school in Reserve. It closed in 2015; it had 171 students remaining, with about 51 having taken advantage of a Louisiana school voucher regime. There were two graduating classes in 2015.[17]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "NPGallery Asset Detail, Godchaux--Reserve Plantation House". National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior. Retrieved 2021-05-29.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. ^ "Godchaux-Reserve House will celebrate progress on renovation project". NOLA.com. October 12, 2018. Retrieved 2021-05-29.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. ^ Hammer, David (2017-12-16). "Leon Godchaux: The Times-Picayune covers 175 years of New Orleans history". NOLA.com. Archived from the original on 2017-12-16. Retrieved 2022-01-20.
  4. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form, Reserve Plantation House". United States Department of the Interior, National Park Service. December 17, 1993.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ Lartey, Jamiles; Laughland, Oliver (May 6, 2019). "'Almost every household has someone that has died from cancer'". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved May 6, 2019.
  6. ^ Jervis, Rick; Gomez, Alan (October 12, 2020). "Racism turned their neighborhood into 'Cancer Alley.' Now they're dying from COVID-19". usatoday.com. Retrieved 2022-01-18.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. ^ "Residents of America's Cancer Town confront chemical plant owner in Japan". the Guardian. 2019-06-26. Retrieved 2021-05-29.
  8. ^ "Reporting on 'Cancer Town': 'We will hold politicians accountable for inaction'". the Guardian. 2019-11-16. Retrieved 2021-05-29.
  9. ^ "Revealed: chemicals giant sold Louisiana plant amid fears over cost of offsetting toxic emissions". the Guardian. 2021-02-17. Retrieved 2021-05-29.
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  11. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2021-12-28.
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  13. ^ "Attendance Zones Archived 2008-09-12 at the Wayback Machine." St. John the Baptist Parish School Board.
  14. ^ Kamerick, Megan. "Seven area schools create academies for Freshmen." New Orleans CityBusiness. Monday April 1, 2002. Retrieved on March 17, 2013. Available on LexisNexis. ""You see it in a variety of ways," says Debra Schum, principal at East St. John High School in Reserve, which has 400 freshmen and total of 1,400 students."
  15. ^ Riverside Academy official website
  16. ^ "Home". St. Peter Catholic School. Retrieved 2020-05-27.
  17. ^ "Closing of 3 New Orleans-area schools to displace hundreds of students in 2015". The Times Picayune. 2014-10-27. Retrieved 2020-05-26.

External links[edit]