|Also known as||Reshman|
Ratangarh, Rajasthan, British India
|Died||3 November 2013 (aged 66)
|Genres||Punjabi folk music|
|Years active||1968– 2004|
Reshma (c.1947 – 3 November 2013), Sitara-e-Imtiaz (Star of Excellence) award, was a renowned folk singer of Pakistan, who was also very popular in India. She died on 3 November 2013 in Lahore, Pakistan, after suffering from throat cancer for several years.
Reshma was born in the village of Loha, Tehsil Ratangarh district Churu near  Bikaner, Rajasthan to a Banjara (Gypsy) family around 1947. Her father, Haji Muhammad Mushtaq, was a camel and horse trader from Malashi. She belonged to a tribe which had converted to Islam. Her tribe migrated to Karachi shortly after the Partition of India, when she was just one month old.
She did not receive any formal education and spent much of her childhood singing at the 'mazars' (shrines) of the mystic saints of Sindh, Pakistan. She was a vegetarian by choice and her favorite foods were 'saag' (cooked mustard greens), 'makai roti' (corn bread), and 'missi roti'- the foods of the Rajasthani, Punjabi and Sindhi people.
Rise to fame
When she was twelve years old, she was spotted singing at Shahbaaz Qalandar's shrine by a Pakistani television and radio producer, Saleem Gilani, who arranged for her to make a recording of "Laal Meri Pat Rakhio" on Radio Pakistan in 1968. She became an instant hit and since that day, Reshma has been one of the most popular folk singers of Pakistan, appearing on television since 1968, recording songs for both the Pakistani and Indian film industry, and performing in live concerts at home and abroad.
Some of her famous songs are "Dama Dam Mast Kalandar", "Hai O' Rabba nahion lagda dil mera", "Sun charkhe di mithi mithi khook mahiya meinu yaad aunda", "Wey main chori chori teray naal laayyan akhhian" ( song lyrics by renowned Punjabi poet Manzoor Hussain Jhalla ), and "Ankhiyan no rehen de ankhyan de kol kol".
The above song was used by Raj Kapoor in his film Bobby, "Ankhyon ko rehne de ankhyon ke aas pass", sung by Lata. Her fame had crossed the border, thanks to pirated tapes. She was able to perform live in India much later, during the 1980s when India and Pakistan allowed exchange of artists. Subhash Ghai used her voice in the film Hero, which featured one of her most famous songs, "Lambi Judai".
In January 2006, she was one of the passengers on the inaugural Lahore-Amritsar bus, the first such service linking both parts of the Punjab since 1947. The bus had 26 passengers in total of whom 15 were Pakistani officials, and Reshma had booked seven seats for herself and her family. Reshma has a daughter named Khadija and a son named Umayr.
Her last residence was in the area of Icchra in Lahore Pakistan.
Her younger sister Kaneez Reshma is also a professional singer.
Health issues and death
Reshma was diagnosed with throat cancer in the 1980s. In later years, her health deteriorated, leading President Pervez Musharraf to come to her aid, giving her one million Rupees to help pay off a bank loan, as well as putting her on a secured assistance of 10,000 rupees per month. He also helped her secure a plot of land for herself, but that did not go through due to the change in government.
Her health deteriorated to such an extent that she was hospitalised in Lahore, Pakistan in 'Doctors Hospital' on 6 April 2013. The Punjab, Pakistan caretaker government elected to pay all her medical expenses. Tell her that she has lost weight and she promptly replies, "Tau kaya ? Mein iss say silim, smart bhi tau ho gayi" (So what ? I have grown slim and smart because of this), but then explains, "Doctors have advised me to curtail oily and spicy food." She readily used to admit, "I have no training in classical music, I do not know even the 'r' of any raga. So when I sing and miss any technical aspect, please forgive me," is what this humble soul used to say to the audience. "For me, there is no difference between India and Pakistan, they are like my two eyes."
Awards and tributes
- Sitara-i-Imtiaz (Star of Excellence) awarded by the President of Pakistan in 2005, for her services to the nation. She also had received Pride of Performance award back in 1982.
A journalist from Karachi,Pakistan, Murtaza Solangi who also used to work for Radio Pakistan, had arranged for Reshma's performances at different radio stations in the 1970s, said," How could I forget Reshma? In my youthful years, her voice always enriched me and she connected Rajasthan, Cholistan and Sindh. She was a flower of the desert, symbol of love, music and peace".
- http://archives.dailytimes.com.pk/infotainment/06-Nov-2013/bulbul-e-sehra-nightingale-of-the-desert-reshma, Reshma biography, Daily Times newspaper, published 6 Nov 2013, Retrieved 28 Jan 2016
- Srivastara, Sanjeev (2000) "Festive celebrations in Rajasthan", BBC, 25 September 2000. Retrieved 15 December 2012,
- Menon, Meena (2013) "Pakistani singer Reshma passes away", The Hindu, published 3 November 2013. Retrieved 28 Jan 2016
- "Pakistani folk singer Reshma is dead", The Times of India, 3 November 2013. Retrieved 3 November 2013
- Siddiqui, Rana (2004) "The singer, the song", The Hindu, 16 February 2004. Retrieved 15 December 2012, Retrieved 31 August 2015
- "Legendary Pakistani singer Reshma passes away after long battle with throat cancer", dnaindia.com, 3 November 2013. Retrieved 4 November 2013, Retrieved 31 August 2015
- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Uebtl6WYW5c, Reshma's TV interview on YouTube, Retrieved 25 Jan 2016
- Chopra, Dinesh (2004) "Lambi judai? Reshma asks who's Tendulkar", Times of India, 14 April 2004. Retrieved 15 December 2012, Retrieved 31 August 2015
- Puniyani, Ram (2003) Communal Politics: Facts versus Myths, Sage, ISBN 978-0761996675, p. 101
- "Reshma sings for Bollywood", Times of India, 20 January 2004. Retrieved 28 Jan 2016
- "India-Pakistan bus links Punjab", BBC, 20 January 2006. Retrieved 28 Jan 2016
- "Kaneez Reshma crosses border to embrace Bollywood", Outlook India, 28 April 2006. Retrieved 15 December 2012, Retrieved 31 August 2015
- Pahwa, Kiran (2007) "Famed Pak singer Reshma seeks Musharraf’s help to get land", topnews.in website, published 14 September 2007. Retrieved 28 Jan 2016
- http://www.thehindu.com/mp/2004/02/16/stories/2004021600480100.htm, Reshma Biography on The Hindu newspaper, Retrieved 28 Jan 2016
- "Legendary folk singer Reshma dies", Dawn newspaper, 3 November 2013. Retrieved 28 Jan 2016
- http://www.in.com/reshma-celeb/biography-313233.html, Reshma biography, Retrieved 25 Jan 2016
- http://www.thehindu.com/features/friday-review/music/legendary-folk-singer-reshma-of-lambi-judai-fame-passes-away/article5309204.ece, Reshma passes away, The Hindu newspaper, published 3 Nov 2013, Retrieved 25 Jan 2016