Het Residentie Orkest (literal translation, The Residence Orchestra; known also in English as The Hague Philharmonic) is a Dutch orchestra based in The Hague. Its primary venue is the Dr. Anton Philipszaal.
Henri Viotta founded the orchestra in 1904. Its early home was the Gebouw voor Kunsten en Wetenschappen (K & W). The orchestra received its first acclaim during the 1911 Richard Strauss Festival, in which the composer himself conducted some of his works. The orchestra soon attracted other composers such as Igor Stravinsky, Max Reger, Maurice Ravel, and Paul Hindemith.
In 1915 the Residentie Orchestra took over the summertime performances of the Kurzaal Concerts in Scheveningen from the Lamoureux Orchestra. The orchestra's second chief conductor was the composer and conductor Peter van Anrooy, from 1917 until his resignation in 1935. Frits Schuurman became the next chief conductor, holding the post through World War II. After the war, Willem van Otterloo led the orchestra as chief conductor from 1949 to 1973.
After the K & W was destroyed in a fire in 1964, the orchestra played in various venues around the city without a permanent home. A fund-raising campaign, which included the release of several recordings known as "bouw-mee" ("build along") recordings, culminated in the construction of a new hall for the orchestra, the Dr. Anton Philipszaal — named after Anton Frederik Philips, co-founder of Philips Electronics — where the orchestra began to reside in September 1987 and which was formally opened in the presence of Queen Beatrix.
Succeeding Van Otterloo as chief conductors were Jean Martinon, Ferdinand Leitner, Hans Vonk, and Evgeny Svetlanov. Jaap van Zweden, chief conductor from 2000 to 2005, now has the title of honorary guest conductor (ere-gastdirigent) with the orchestra. Neeme Järvi was the orchestra's most recent chief conductor, from 2005 to 2012. Järvi now has the title of chief conductor emeritus. In April 2013, the orchestra appointed Richard Egarr its principal guest conductor (vaste gastdirigent) for an initial period of 3 years. In March 2014, the orchestra announced the elimination of the post of chief conductor and the formation of a new conductor hierarchy. In parallel, the orchestra announced the appointment of Jan Willem de Vriend to the post of vaste dirigent, effective 1 August 2015, for approximately 6 weeks per season with an initial contract of 4 years. In June 2015, the orchestra announced the appointment of Nicholas Collon as co-principal conductor, effective 1 August 2016, for a minimum term of 3 years, with an estimate of 6 weeks of appearances per season.
The orchestra has undertaken several major tours which included cities such as New York, Boston, Chicago, Vienna, Munich and Berlin. It has performed under guest conductors including Leonard Bernstein, Pierre Boulez, Hans Knappertsbusch, Carl Schuricht, Arturo Toscanini, and Bruno Walter. The orchestra has commercially recorded works by Dutch composers such as Alphons Diepenbrock and Johannes Verhulst. A selection of recordings made during the fifties at the Amsterdam Concertgebouw under the baton of Willem van Otterloo has been issued on CD in 2007. The orchestra made its first appearance at The Proms in September 2008.
In October 2012, the city council of The Hague announced a reduction in the municipal subsidy for the orchestra, from 5.1 million € to 3.5 million €. The orchestra subsequently expressed concerns of consequences to the orchestra such as job losses for a number of the musicians, and diminished representation of larger-scale symphonic works in the orchestra's concert repertoire.
- Henri Viotta (1904–1917)
- Peter van Anrooy (1917–1935)
- Frits Schuurman (1938–1949)
- Willem van Otterloo (1949–1973)
- Jean Martinon (1974–1976)
- Ferdinand Leitner (1976–1980)
- Hans Vonk (1980–1992)
- Evgeny Svetlanov (1993–2000)
- Jaap van Zweden (2000–2005)
- Neeme Järvi (2005–2012)
- Jan Willem de Vriend (2015-present)
- A literal English translation is the "Arts and Sciences Building".
- Antcliffe, Herbert (October 1935). "Musical Notes from Abroad: Holland". The Musical Times 76 (1112): 942. JSTOR 912732.
- "Richard Egarr vaste gastdirigent Residentie Orkest" (Press release). Residentie Orkest. 12 April 2013. Retrieved 2013-12-27.
- "Jan Willem de Vriend vaste dirigent Residentie Orkest" (Press release). Residentie Orkest. 21 March 2014. Retrieved 2014-03-30.
- "Britse dirigent Nicholas Collon nieuwe vaste dirigent Residentie Orkest" (Press release). Residentie Orkest. 17 June 2015. Retrieved 2015-08-08.
- Antcliffe, Herbert (October 1936). "Musical Notes from Abroad: Holland". The Musical Times 77 (1124): 944. JSTOR 920612.
- Andrew Clements (2002-10-25). "Diepenbrock: The Birds, Marsyas Suite, Three Hymns, Elektra Suite, Die Nacht, Im Grossen Schweigen; Finnie et al". The Guardian. Retrieved 2010-10-04.
- Edward Greenfield (2003-04-04). "Verhulst: Mass, Op.20; Oostenrijk/ van Reisen/ Reijans/ Claessens/ Netherlands Concert Choir/ Hague Residentie Orchestra/ Bamert". The Guardian. Retrieved 2009-03-15.
- Tim Ashley (2008-09-09). "Saint Francis of Assisi (Royal Albert Hall, London)". The Guardian. Retrieved 2010-10-04.
- "Gemeenteraad stemt in met inkrimping Residentie Orkest" (Press release). Residentie Orkest. 8 November 2012. Retrieved 2013-02-14.
- Official orchestra web site
- Fugro Corporation 2001 corporate report, which includes background information on Het Residentie Orkest
- Wilma Roest, Radio Netherlands Music biography of Peter van Anrooy
- John Quinn, Review of "Willem Van Otterloo and Residentie Orkest: The Original Recordings, 1950-1960, Music-Web International, 7 June 2007