The Residenzplatz was built by the Archbishop of Salzburg Wolf Dietrich Raitenau in 1587, who also ordered the construction of the monastery of the Salzburg Cathedral (Dom). As a result, a number of private houses were demolished. A cemetery last used in the late 16th century was recently discovered underneath the Residenzplatz.
Residenzbrunnen: In the middle of the square sits a grand baroque fountain, or 'Residenzbrunnen'. The fountain was executed by Tomasso di Garona between 1656 to 1661. It is made of marble, and it is considered the largest baroque fountain of Middle Europe.