Respect (2021 American film)

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Respect
An elegant woman in a white dress, leaning back and singing into a microphone
Theatrical release poster
Directed byLiesl Tommy
Screenplay byTracey Scott Wilson[1]
Story by
Produced by
Starring
CinematographyKramer Morgenthau
Edited byAvril Beukes
Music byKris Bowers
Production
companies
Distributed by
Release dates
  • August 8, 2021 (2021-08-08) (Los Angeles)[2]
  • August 13, 2021 (2021-08-13) (United States)
Running time
145 minutes[3]
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$55 million[4]
Box office$33 million[5][6]

Respect is a 2021 American biographical musical drama film directed by Liesl Tommy (in her feature directorial debut), written by Tracey Scott Wilson, Callie Khouri, and is based on the life of American singer Aretha Franklin. The film stars Jennifer Hudson as Franklin, with Forest Whitaker, Marlon Wayans, Audra McDonald, Marc Maron, Tituss Burgess, and Mary J. Blige in supporting roles. The film follows the first three decades of Franklin's life, from being born as a musical prodigy in an affluent African-American family, the repercussions of losing her mother at age 10 to her arduous rise to international musical stardom, while enduring an abusive marriage, ultimately concluding with the recording of her influential live album Amazing Grace (1972).

A film on Franklin's life was in development for a long time with Franklin herself involved in the pre-production, however the film languished in development hell for years due to lack of finding a suitable candidate. Following release of the musical film Dreamgirls (2006), Franklin asked Hudson to play her but did not finalize her decision until seeing her in the Broadway musical The Color Purple. The film began production in early 2019 and had concluded by February 2020. The film is dedicated to Franklin, who died in 2018.

After much delay and postponement, due to the burgeoning COVID-19 pandemic, Respect premiered in Los Angeles on August 8, 2021,[2] and was released theatrically in the United States on August 13, 2021, by United Artists Releasing, and in other territories by Universal Pictures. The film received generally positive reviews from critics, with praise for the performances, the film's production values, and costume design, but received criticism for its screenplay and runtime.

Plot[edit]

In 1952, 10-year-old Aretha Franklin lives with her father C.L., pastor of Detroit’s largest Baptist church, and her siblings Cecil, Erma, and Carolyn. Aretha’s father often has her sing for parties at their home, while her mother Barbara, separated from C.L., encourages her independence. The predatory actions of a family friend, combined with the sudden death of Barbara, traumatizes Aretha, who ceases to speak for weeks until her father demands that she sing at church.

Seven years later, Aretha is a teen mother of two boys, but refuses to name their father. Touring as a gospel singer with family friend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., she meets local producer Ted White, but C.L. warns him to stay away. C.L. surprises Aretha with a meeting with Columbia Records executive John Hammond. She accepts a contract to record jazz standards, including "Ac-Cent-Tchu-Ate the Positive."

Four albums later, Aretha lacks a signature hit. At a club, she attempts to honor family friend Dinah Washington by performing one of Dinah’s songs; outraged, Dinah advises Aretha to find songs that move her. Struggling with the controlling influence of her father, Aretha begins a relationship with Ted. She brings him home to meet her family, leading C.L. to nearly shoot him, but announces Ted as her manager.

Two years later, Ted and Aretha are married with a child. After nine albums with no real success, Aretha is dropped by Columbia. Ted secures a deal with veteran producer Jerry Wexler of Atlantic Records, who introduces her to a group of white musicians in Muscle Shoals in 1967. There, Aretha records "I Never Loved A Man (The Way I Love You)", but a jealous Ted becomes violent with her.

Returning to Detroit with a black eye, Aretha reconnects with her family. Realizing her song has been released, becoming her first hit, Aretha takes a more hands-on role in her career. She makes her sisters her new backup singers and, despite their misgivings, reunites with Ted. Aretha and Carolyn are inspired to re-arrange Otis Redding's "Respect"; their version becomes a #1 single, launching Aretha to stardom by her 25th birthday.

At a Detroit concert, Dr. King honors Aretha for her support of the Civil Rights Movement, proclaiming February 16 "Aretha Franklin Day". She has another signature hit, "(You Make Me Feel Like) A Natural Woman", but her career is complicated by Ted’s increasingly volatile behavior. Embarking on a European tour in 1968, Aretha is confronted with a Time magazine cover story about Ted’s abuse, and finally casts him out of her life.

Dating her tour manager Ken Cunningham, Aretha eventually has her fourth child. In the wake of Dr. King's assassination, Aretha's father drunkenly argues with her over the direction of the Movement, telling her that she no longer walks in the spirit. Aretha continues to release hits but overworks herself, coping with the pressure through alcohol, and rejects her family’s attempts to help her.

During another overseas performance, a drunken Aretha falls from the stage. On a downward spiral and estranged from Ken and her family, she is consoled by a vision of her late mother. Aretha finds the strength to quit drinking, leading Ken to reconcile with her, and returns to her gospel roots. She approaches Wexler with the idea to produce her own gospel album, and he agrees on the condition that the recording of the album be filmed for a documentary.

Beginning rehearsals, Aretha confides in family friend James Cleveland, now a respected gospel artist. The day of the album’s recording, her father arrives to reconcile with her. The service begins and, with her family in attendance, Aretha sings her arrangement of the hymn, Amazing Grace. An epilogue reveals Aretha Franklin’s legacy as a world-famous artist and the “Queen of Soul”.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

The project had been long in development, with Jennifer Hudson set to play Aretha Franklin. Franklin herself was involved with the development up until her death on August 16, 2018.[7] She stated that Hudson would win an Oscar for the portrayal.[8] In January 2019, Liesl Tommy was set to direct the film.[9] The rest of the cast was added in October 2019, including Forest Whitaker, Marlon Wayans, Audra McDonald and Mary J. Blige.[1]

In a June 2019 slate deal, MGM added Bron Creative as a co-financing and producing company to this film.[10] Filming began in Atlanta, Georgia, on September 2, 2019,[11] and wrapped on February 15, 2020.[12] Jonathan Glickman, MGM's President of the Motion Picture Group, exited the company on February 1, 2020, with a first-look deal starting with the film.[13]

Soundtrack[edit]

The film's soundtrack features one original song, "Here I Am (Singing My Way Home)", performed by Hudson. Written by Hudson, Carole King, and Jamie Hartman[14] and produced by will.i.am and Johnny Goldstein, the song was released on June 18, 2021.[15] "Here I Am (Singing My Way Home)" peaked at number 21 on the Billboard Adult R&B Songs chart dated August 28, 2021.[16] The soundtrack album was released on August 13 via Epic Records.[17][18]

Release[edit]

Respect premiered in Los Angeles on August 8, 2021, and was theatrically released in the United States on August 13, 2021.[19] It was originally scheduled for a limited release on December 25, 2020, followed by an expansion on January 8, 2021, before going wide the following week.[20] Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, it was switched to a sole wide release on January 15, without a limited release,[21] before it was delayed again to August 2021. Previous release dates also included August 14, 2020, and October 9.[22]

The film screened at the 74th Locarno Film Festival, in the Piazza Grande section to be held from August 4 to 14.[23]

Home media[edit]

The film was released digitally on August 27, 2021 and on Blu-ray and DVD by Universal Pictures Home Entertainment on November 9, 2021.[24]

Reception[edit]

Box office[edit]

Respect grossed $24.3 million in the United States and Canada, and $8.7 million in other territories, for a worldwide total of $33 million.[6][5]

In the United States and Canada, Respect was released alongside Free Guy and Don't Breathe 2, and was projected to gross around $10 million from 3,207 theaters in its opening weekend.[4] The film made $3.6 million on its first day, including $650,000 from Thursday night previews. It went on to debut to $8.8 million, finishing fourth at the box office.[25] Despite the film's targeted demographics of older, female, and African-American audiences all being among the most-reluctant to attend a theater amid the pandemic, the film's opening weekend audience was 63% female and 47% African American, with 86% being over the age of 25.[26] The film made $3.8 million in its second weekend (a drop of 57%), finishing fifth, then made $2.2 million in its third weekend.[27][28]

Outside the U.S., the film's largest opening was in Australia, grossing nearly $1 million in its first weekend.[29] It finished third in the U.K. with $500,000, and debuted to $450,000 in France.[30]

Critical response[edit]

On Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 68% based on 191 reviews, with an average rating of 6.3/10. The website's critics consensus reads: "This standard-issue biopic falls shy of its subject's transcendent brilliance, but Jennifer Hudson's starring performance absolutely commands Respect."[31] On Metacritic, the film has an aggregate score of 61 out of 100 based on 43 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".[32] Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "A" on an A+ to F scale, while PostTrak reported filmgoers gave it an 89% positive score.[26]

In a positive review from The New York Times, Manohla Dargis stated that the film "finds its own groove" and praised the performances of Mary J. Blige and Jennifer Hudson."[33] Odie Henderson of RogerEbert.com gave the film a score of 3 out of 4 stars, writing that "Hudson performs with the same tireless intensity Re was known for throughout her career. It's a damn entertaining movie." Henderson also said "There's a fair amount of ugliness in Franklin's story—sexual assault, domestic abuse, alcoholism—and it's to the film's credit that it resists the temptation to treat these issues salaciously. But Respect never goes deeper than a surface-level exploration of how these traumas affected Franklin."[34]

Writing for Variety, Peter Debruge called the film an "overly respectful biopic [that] steers clear of revealing the traumas that shaped the soul legend" and said: "Though Respect can feel a little soft in the drama department, it delivers the added pleasure of hearing Hudson re-create Franklin's key songs, from the early jazz standards she covered for Columbia to her reinvention of the Otis Redding single that lends the film its name."[35] Also writing for Variety, Cassie Da Costa praised Hudson's portrayal of Franklin, saying: "Bringing an incredible mix of gestural subtlety and musical power, it cannot be said enough what Hudson achieves here by transmitting a rich sense of interiority, staying true to who Franklin was in private with every look given, word spoken, and melisma sung."[36]

Pete Hammond of Deadline also praised Hudson's performance, saying; "This is Jennifer Hudson's triumph merged with the spirit and guidance from an even greater voice above. Hudson's performance is an electrifying sight to behold."[37] Sasha Stone from Awards Daily, praised the film and especially Hudson's performance, saying: "Hudson's performance is partly her incredible voice. She suspends time in reverie whenever she sings. But this performance also establishes her as an actress capable of navigating the ever-changing waters of Franklin's complicated life—from a young wife who doesn't quite understand exactly what kind of gift she actually has, through to finding a way to honor her own creative spirit."[38] Writing for Time, Stephanie Zacharek called Respect "both entertaining and emotionally revelatory" and praised the performances of the cast, especially Hudson's, saying: "It's Hudson's job to play the adult version of that girl, and she shoulders it with something like tenderness. The easy thing, when you're playing a strong, potent character, is to bite down; Hudson never does. This is a terrific performance, underplayed in all the right ways, an emotionally detailed portrait of a woman who knew what she wanted and knew she could deliver—but who also moved through life knowing that she'd been cruelly robbed of that thing we so sentimentally call childhood."[39]

Accolades[edit]

Year Award organization Category Recipient Result Ref.
2021 African-American Film Critics Association Top 10 Films Respect 3rd place [40]
Best Actress Jennifer Hudson Won [41]
Black Film Critics Circle Top 10 Films Respect 5th place [42]
Best Actress Jennifer Hudson Runner-up
Detroit Film Critics Society Best Actress Nominated [43]
12th Hollywood Music in Media Awards Best Original Song in a Feature Film "Here I Am (Singing My Way Home)" [a] Nominated [44][45]
Best Original Song – Onscreen Performance Jennifer Hudson, Hailey Kilgore & Saycon Sengbloh – "Respect" Nominated
47th People's Choice Awards The Drama Movie of 2021 Harvey Mason Jr., Scott Bernstein, Jonathan Glickman, Stacey Sher, Jennifer Hudson Nominated [46]
The Female Movie Star of 2021 Jennifer Hudson Nominated
The Drama Movie Star of 2021 Nominated
23rd Women's Image Awards Best Feature Film Harvey Mason Jr., Scott Bernstein, Jonathan Glickman, Stacey Sher Nominated [47]
Best Actress Jennifer Hudson Nominated
2022 11th AACTA International Awards Best Actress Nominated
22nd Black Reel Awards Outstanding Actress Nominated [48]
Outstanding Original Song "Here I Am (Singing My Way Home)" [b] Nominated
Outstanding Original Score Kris Bowers Nominated
Outstanding Editing Avril Beukes Nominated
79th Golden Globe Awards Best Original Song "Here I Am (Singing My Way Home)" [c] Nominated [49][50]
64th Annual Grammy Awards Best Compilation Soundtrack for Visual Media Respect Nominated [51]
Best Song Written for Visual Media "Here I Am (Singing My Way Home)" Nominated
53rd NAACP Image Awards Outstanding Motion Picture Harvey Mason Jr., Scott Bernstein, Jonathan Glickman, Stacey Sher, Jennifer Hudson Nominated [52]
Entertainer of the Year Jennifer Hudson Won
Outstanding Actress in a Motion Picture Won
Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Motion Picture Audra McDonald Nominated
Outstanding Ensemble Cast in a Motion Picture Respect Nominated
Outstanding Breakthrough Creative (Motion Picture) Liesl Tommy Nominated
Outstanding Soundtrack/Compilation Album Stephen Bray, Jason Michael Webb Nominated
Palm Springs International Film Festival Chairman's Award Jennifer Hudson Won [53]
26th Satellite Awards Best Motion Picture – Comedy or Musical Harvey Mason Jr., Scott Bernstein, Jonathan Glickman, Stacey Sher Nominated [54][55]
Best Original Song "Here I Am (Singing My Way Home)" [d] Nominated
Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Comedy or Musical Jennifer Hudson Nominated
28th Screen Actors Guild Awards Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Leading Role Nominated [56]
Society of Composers & Lyricists Awards Outstanding Original Song for a Musical or Comedy Visual Production "Here I Am (Singing My Way Home)" [e] Nominated [57]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c D'Alessandro, Anthony (October 18, 2019). "Respect: MGM Aretha Franklin Biopic Casts Forest Whitaker; Marlon Wayans, Mary J. Blige & More". Deadline. Retrieved March 5, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Put Some "Respect" On Her Name! Actress And Executive Producer Jennifer Hudson Shines At Premiere Of Aretha Franklin Biopic". August 9, 2021.
  3. ^ "Respect - Movie Review". www.commonsensemedia.org. June 9, 2021.
  4. ^ a b Rubin, Rebecca (August 11, 2021). "Disney's 'Free Guy' Is Playing Only in Theaters. Can That Help Ticket Sales?". Variety. Retrieved August 11, 2021.
  5. ^ a b "Respect (2021) - Financial Information". The Numbers. Nash Information Services, LLC. Retrieved November 6, 2021.
  6. ^ a b "Respect (2021)". Box Office Mojo. IMDb. Retrieved October 13, 2021.
  7. ^ a b Chris Willman (2018-08-17). "Aretha's Films: Whither Her Jennifer Hudson Biopic, 'Amazing Grace'?". Variety. Retrieved March 11, 2020.
  8. ^ Samantha Ibrahim (2021-07-30). "Aretha Franklin said Jennifer Hudson would win an Oscar for playing her". The New York Post. Retrieved 2021-10-08.
  9. ^ McNary, Dave (January 10, 2019). "Aretha Franklin Biopic 'Respect' Taps Director". Variety. Retrieved March 5, 2020.
  10. ^ Moreau, Jordan (June 6, 2019). "MGM and Bron Creative Enter $100 Million Co-Financing Deal". Variety. Retrieved December 2, 2019.
  11. ^ Ho, Rodney (September 10, 2019). "Aretha Franklin biopic 'Respect' starring Jennifer Hudson shooting in Georgia". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved March 5, 2020.
  12. ^ Bennett, Anita (February 15, 2020). "Jennifer Hudson Wraps Production On Aretha Franklin Biopic 'Respect'". Deadline. Retrieved March 5, 2020.
  13. ^ Lang, Brent; Kroll, Justin (January 3, 2020). "Michael De Luca to Replace Jonathan Glickman at MGM". Variety. Retrieved March 5, 2020.
  14. ^ Kellman, Andy. "Respect [Original Motion Picture Soundtrack] - Jennifer Hudson". Allmusic. Retrieved August 21, 2021.
  15. ^ "Album RESPECT (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack) de Jennifer Hudson | Qobuz : téléchargez et streamez en haute qualité". Qobuz.
  16. ^ "Jennifer Hudson Chart History (Adult R&B Songs)". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media. Retrieved August 23, 2021.
  17. ^ Mitchell, Gail (June 16, 2021). "Jennifer Hudson, Carole King Co-Write Original Song for Aretha Franklin Biopic 'Respect': Exclusive". Billboard. Retrieved June 19, 2021.
  18. ^ Blistein, Jon (June 18, 2021). "Jennifer Hudson, Carole King Collaborate on New Song for Aretha Franklin Biopic, 'Here I Am (Singing My Way Home)'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved June 19, 2021.
  19. ^ Beatrice Verhoeven (October 27, 2020). "Aretha Franklin Biopic 'Respect' Pushed 7 Months, 'Tomb Raider 2' Now Unset". TheWrap. Retrieved October 27, 2020.
  20. ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (March 26, 2020). "Aretha Franklin Biopic 'Respect' Heads To Christmas For Awards Season Rollout". Deadline. Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  21. ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (July 22, 2020). "Aretha Franklin Biopic 'Respect' Going Wide Over MLK Weekend Instead Of Christmas Platform Release". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved July 22, 2020.
  22. ^ Evans, Greg (December 20, 2019). "Jennifer Hudson Demands R-E-S-P-E-C-T In First-Look Aretha Franklin Biopic Footage". Deadline. Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  23. ^ Grater, Tom (July 1, 2021). "Locarno Unveils 2021 Line-Up: Abel Ferrara's Ethan Hawke-Starrer 'Zeros And Ones' To World Premiere". Deadline. Retrieved July 2, 2021.
  24. ^ "Respect (2021)".
  25. ^ "Domestic 2021 Weekend 33". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved August 15, 2021.
  26. ^ a b D'Alessandro, Anthony (August 15, 2021). "Ryan Reynolds' 'Free Guy' Is Alive At The Weekend B.O. Heading For $26M+". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved August 15, 2021.
  27. ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (August 22, 2021). "'Free Guy' Posts Best Summer Second Weekend Hold During Pandemic; 'Paw Patrol' Arrests $13M – Sunday Box Office Update". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved August 22, 2021.
  28. ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (August 29, 2021). "'Candyman' Makes The Box Office Taste Good With $22M+ Opening". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
  29. ^ "Australian Box Office Weekend Sales". Sep 12, 2021.
  30. ^ "German Box Office Weekend Sales". Sep 12, 2021.
  31. ^ "Respect (2021)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango. Retrieved November 29, 2022. Edit this at Wikidata
  32. ^ "Respect Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved November 22, 2021.
  33. ^ Dargis, Manohla (August 12, 2021). "'Respect' Review: Giving a Queen Her Propers". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 14, 2021.
  34. ^ Tallerico, Brian (August 13, 2021). "Respect movie review (2021)". RogerEbert.com. Retrieved August 15, 2021.
  35. ^ Debruge, Peter (August 8, 2021). "'Respect' Review: Jennifer Hudson Gives Flattering Yet Flat Aretha Franklin Portrait". Variety. Retrieved August 13, 2021.
  36. ^ Da Costa, Cassie (August 8, 2021). "Jennifer Hudson's Aretha Franklin Biopic Deserves More Respect". Variety. Retrieved August 16, 2021.
  37. ^ Hammond, Pete (August 8, 2021). "'Respect' Review: Jennifer Hudson Electrifies In Role Aretha Franklin Personally Chose Her To Play". Deadline. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  38. ^ Stone, Sasha (August 14, 2021). "Respect – Portrait of the Artist as the Queen of Soul (Review)". Awards Daily. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  39. ^ Zacharek, Stephanie (August 14, 2021). "Jennifer Hudson Makes a Dazzling Aretha Franklin in the Satisfying and Potent Respect". Time. Retrieved October 1, 2021.
  40. ^ "African American Film Critics Top 10 Films Led By 'The Harder They Fall', 'Respect', 'King Richard'". Deadline. December 8, 2021.
  41. ^ "Will Smith, Jennifer Hudson, 'The Harder They Fall' Among Winners At AAFCA Awards". Deadline. January 17, 2022.
  42. ^ "'King Richard,' Will Smith and Tessa Thompson Win at Black Film Critics Awards". Variety. December 24, 2021.
  43. ^ "Detroit Film Critics Society Announces 2021 Nominations". Hollywood Critics Association. December 3, 2021. Retrieved December 3, 2021.
  44. ^ Grein, Paul (November 4, 2021). "Ariana Grande, Beyonce & More Vie for Hollywood Music in Media Awards: Complete Film Nominations List". Billboard. Retrieved November 4, 2021.
  45. ^ "2021 MUSIC IN VISUAL MEDIA NOMINATIONS". Hollywood Music in Media Awards. Retrieved November 4, 2021.
  46. ^ Lenker, Maureen Lee (October 27, 2021). "Here are the nominees for the 2021 People's Choice Awards". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on October 27, 2021. Retrieved October 27, 2021.
  47. ^ "Women's Image Network ANNOUNCES its 23rd WOMEN'S IMAGE AWARDS FILM & TELEVISION NOMINEES". Benzinga (Press release). Retrieved 2021-04-09.
  48. ^ ""Harder" Makes It Look Easy with 20 Black Reel Award Nominations". Foundation for the Augmentation of African-Americans in Film. Retrieved December 16, 2021.
  49. ^ Littleton, Cynthia (October 15, 2021). "Golden Globe Awards Set for Jan. 9 as Hollywood Foreign Press Assn. Unveils 2022 Calendar". Variety. Retrieved October 16, 2021.
  50. ^ Golden Globe Nominations: 'Licorice Pizza,' 'Squid Game,' 'West Side Story,' and More|IndieWire
  51. ^ Aswad, Jem (September 21, 2021). "2022 Grammy Nominees to Be Unveiled on Nov. 23". Variety. Archived from the original on September 23, 2021. Retrieved September 23, 2021.
  52. ^ "The NAACP Announce Nominees – Respect, Jennifer Hudson Among Them". Awards daily. January 18, 2022.
  53. ^ "Palm Springs International Film Awards Presents Jennifer Hudson with the Chairman's Award". psfilmfest.org. 2021-11-22.
  54. ^ Van Blaricom, Mirjana (November 30, 2021). "BELFAST, THE POWER OF THE DOG, Among Nominees for Top Honors at 26th Annual Satellite™ Awards". International Press Academy. Retrieved December 1, 2021.
  55. ^ Anderson, Erik (December 1, 2021). "'Belfast,' 'The Power of the Dog' lead 26th Satellite Awards nominations". AwardsWatch. Retrieved December 1, 2021.
  56. ^ "Here's the full list of 2022 Screen Actors Guild Award nominations". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 12, 2022.
  57. ^ Pedersen, Erik (January 4, 2022). "Society of Composers & Lyricists Awards Nominations: Miranda, Eilish, Jay-Z, Grande, Zimmer, Desplat, Warren & More". Deadline.

External links[edit]