|Restless flycatcher in flight|
The restless flycatcher (Myiagra inquieta) is a passerine bird in the family Monarchidae; it is also known as the razor grinder or scissors grinder because of its distinctive call. It is a native of eastern and southern Australia. Populations in New Guinea and northern Australia, which were at one time considered to be a subspecies, are now accepted as a separate species, Myiagra nana, the paperbark flycatcher. It is about 20 cm (8 in) long, with a glossy dark blue crown, a grey back and white underparts, and is similar in appearance to the willie wagtail. Its cup-shaped nest, built in the fork of a tree branch, consists of grasses and shredded bark, bound together with spider webbing and often decorated with lichen, bark fragments and the egg-sacs of spiders.
Also known colloquially as razor grinder, scissors grinder or dishwasher on account of its unusual call, the restless flycatcher was first described by ornithologist John Latham in 1801 under the binomial name Turdus inquietus. Its specific epithet is derived from the Latin inquietus 'restless'. Populations from northern Australia and New Guinea, formerly considered a distinctive subspecies, are now separated as the paperbark flycatcher (Myiagra nana), with which it forms a superspecies.
It is found in southern and eastern Australia. It is about 20 cm (8 in) long, with a glossy dark blue crown, a grey back and white underparts. It is similar to the willie wagtail, though the lack of a black throat and white eyebrow are distinguishing features. Its main food is insects.
This bird builds a cup-shaped nest from shredded bark and grasses, matted and bound with spider-webbing. Linings used are soft bark, grasses, hair or feathers. It is often decorated with lichen, strips of bark or spiders' egg sacs. The nest site is in the fork of a well-foliaged tree mostly near or overhanging water, though it can be up to twenty or more metres above the ground.
- IUCN Red List 2012.
- "Some Familiar Birds". The Brisbane Courier (National Library of Australia). 10 September 1879. p. 3. Retrieved 9 August 2013.
- Boles 1988, p. 349.
- Latham, John (1801). Supplementum indicis ornithologici sive systematis ornithologiae (in Latin). London: Leigh & Sotheby. p. xl.
- Simpson 1979, p. 883.
- Schodde & Mason 1999, pp. 518–519.
- Christidis & Boles 2008, p. 200.
- Beruldsen 2003, p. 369.
- BirdLife International (2012). "Myiagra inquieta". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- Cited texts
- Beruldsen, Gordon (2003). Australian Birds: Their Nests and Eggs (revised ed.). Kenmore Hills, Qld: self. ISBN 978-0-646-42798-0. OCLC 615122047.
- Boles, Walter E. (1988). The Robins and Flycatchers of Australia. Sydney: Angus & Robertson. ISBN 978-0-207-15400-3. OCLC 59196420.
- Christidis, Les; Boles, Walter (2008). Systematics and taxonomy of Australian birds. Melbourne: CSIRO Publishing. ISBN 978-0-643-06511-6. OCLC 488685950. Retrieved 2011-05-25.
- Schodde, Richard; Mason, Ian J. (1999). The Directory of Australian Birds: Passerines. Melbourne: CSIRO Publishing. ISBN 978-0-643-06456-0. OCLC 499953986.
- Simpson, D. P. (1979). Cassell's Latin Dictionary (5 ed.). London: Cassell Ltd. ISBN 978-0-304-52257-6. OCLC 7260402.
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