Restorative Yoga is the practice of asanas, each held for longer than in conventional yoga as exercise classes, often with the support of props such as folded blankets, to relax the body, reduce stress, and often to prepare for pranayama.
Restorative Yoga sessions allow the body to slow down and relax in a small number of asanas. Each pose is held for longer than in conventional classes, sometimes for twenty minutes, so a session may consist of only four to six asanas. The long holding of poses is often assisted with props such as folded blankets, blocks, and bolsters to ensure the body is fully supported and so to allow the muscles to relax.
An early disciple of B.K.S. Iyengar, the yoga teacher and Yoga Journal editor Judith Lasater helped to popularize restorative yoga, based on Iyengar Yoga's asanas and use of props. Lasater states that "you will need" a yoga mat, four yoga blocks, three firm bolsters, three hand towels, three eye bags, eight firm blankets, a broad 6 feet (1.8 m) long yoga belt, a folding metal chair with the front rung removed, and two 10 pounds (4.5 kg) sandbags. For home practice, she suggests substituting throw pillows, couch cushions, or large bags of rice or dry beans as improvised props.
Lasater proposes twelve asanas and their variants, for a total of twenty poses, with detailed instructions that occupy much of her 2017 book Restore and Rebalance. The poses are reclining or supported variants of Baddha Konasana, Balasana (child's pose), Uttanasana, Downward Dog, Prasarita Padottanasana (wide-legged forward bend), Urdhva Dhanurasana (upward bow), Setu Bandhasana (bridge), legs up the wall, Sarvangasana (shoulderstand), Halasana (plough), Urdhva Paschimottanasana (upward-facing forward bend), and Shavasana.
Restorative yoga is not a fancy way of taking a nap nor is it stretching, which can easily become another way to generate craving, which is definitely not relaxing. Instead of doing yoga, this form of yoga does us. Restorative asana practice provides a framework for openings of body, breath, and mind to occur naturally over time, without tightening, stretching, or collapsing.
Cyndi Lee, Yoga Body, Buddha Mind
The yoga teacher Cyndi Lee suggests a short sequence of six asanas, all with the use of supports: reclining bound angle pose (Supta Baddha Konasana), legs up the wall (Viparita Karani), a prone twist with both knees to one side (Jathara Parivartanasana), a sitting forward bend (Paschimottanasana), child's pose (Balasana), and corpse pose (Shavasana, with or without supports).
Lee links the need for Restorative Yoga to the stress of modern life and the resulting habitual state of fight-or-flight, appropriate to emergencies but harmful when chronic. The biological response involves the hormone adrenaline signalling emergency, raising blood pressure, heart rate, and muscle tension, while resources are diverted from the digestive and reproductive systems, and from processes of cell growth and tissue repair; Restorative Yoga can in her view help to reverse that process. Lee describes yoga relaxation as combining the active quality of standing to attention in Tadasana with the passive quality of lying down like a corpse in Shavasana. The combination offers in her view a middle path, receptiveness.
The goal of Restorative Yoga is to bring about physical, mental, and spiritual equilibrium. To help maintain a variety of yoga poses for longer lengths of time, props like blankets, bolsters, and blocks are used. As a result, the mind and body are able to completely unwind and recover from mental and emotional strain. Self-care, healing, and relaxation are all possible outcomes of practising Restorative Yoga. It's a great strategy as this yoga for stress relief improves your health and helps in lowering stress levels. For more..
Geraldine Beirne, writing in The Guardian, called Restorative Yoga "all about healing the mind and body through simple poses often held for as long as 20 minutes, with the help of props such as bolsters, pillows and straps".
The martial arts coach Eric C. Stevens, stating that he found being still more difficult than a "five mile run", was surprised to start the Restorative Yoga class with Shavasana, and to see so many props in use - blanket, pillow, eye bag, strap, blocks. He found his mind strongly challenged during the class, and he slept very soundly afterwards. He recommended the practice for people who feel close to burnout.
Difference from Yin Yoga
Restorative Yoga is mainly for practitioners suffering from injuries, stress, or illness, who therefore require a yoga practice that can bring them back to a better quality of life; classes are necessarily small so that each person can receive detailed attention to ensure they are safe and properly supported. Yin Yoga uses props in a similar way, and holds poses for similarly long periods, but is aimed mainly at healthy practitioners, and is taught in larger classes.
Claimed benefits, according to Jillian Pransky in Yoga Journal, include the skill of conscious relaxation through long-held, supported resting poses; discovering where tension is being held in the body, allowing focus on the breath; triggering the relaxation response, in which the body leaves its "fight or flight" and begins to experience the opposite, recuperative mode; and practising the ability to look inward, by stopping the focus of "doing" and instead practising "being."
- ^ Pizer, Ann (24 March 2019). "An Introduction to Restorative Yoga". Very Well Fit. Retrieved 15 April 2019.
- ^ "Restorative Yoga". Yoga Journal. Retrieved 10 October 2020.
- ^ Isaacs, Nora (5 April 2007). "Exercisers Slow It Down With Qigong". The New York Times.
Judith Hanson Lasater, a yoga teacher since 1971 who now teaches restorative yoga, a form that encourages relaxation.
- ^ Lasater 1995.
- ^ Gates 2006, pp. 89–94.
- ^ Lasater 2017, pp. 9–10.
- ^ Lasater 2017, pp. vii–viii.
- ^ Lee 2004, pp. 237–240.
- ^ Lee 2004, pp. 227–232.
- ^ Lee 2004, pp. 233–236.
- ^ Beirne, Geraldine (10 January 2014). "Yoga: a beginner's guide to the different styles". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 October 2020.
- ^ Stevens, Eric C. "What the Heck Is Restorative Yoga and Why Should I Do It?". Breaking Muscle. Retrieved 15 April 2019.
- ^ "Yin Yoga or Restorative Yoga?". Yin Yoga. Retrieved 15 April 2019.
- ^ Blair, Mac (2017-08-08). "Why Restorative Yoga Is the 'Most Advanced Practice' Plus, 4 of Its Biggest Benefits". Yoga Journal. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
- Gates, Janice (2006). Yogini: Women Visionaries of the Yoga World. Mandala. pp. 89–94. ISBN 978-1932771886.
- Lasater, Judith (1995). Relax and renew : restful yoga for stressful times. Rodmell Press. ISBN 978-0-9627138-4-2. OCLC 33388596.
- Lasater, Judith (2017). Restore and Rebalance: Yoga for Deep Relaxation. Shambhala. ISBN 978-1-61180-499-7. OCLC 975032763.
- Lee, Cyndi (2004). Yoga Body, Buddha Mind. Riverhead Books. ISBN 978-1-59448-024-9.
- Ashby, Anna (2022). Restorative Yoga: Power, Presence and Practice for Teachers and Trainees. Singing Dragon. ISBN 978-1-78775-740-0. OCLC 1257314772.
- Baginski, Caren (2020). Restorative Yoga: Relax. Restore. Re-energize. Alpha Books. ISBN 978-1-4654-9263-0. OCLC 1152340266.
- Carey, Leeann (2015). Restorative Yoga Therapy: the Yapana Way to Self-care and Well-being. New World Library. ISBN 978-1-60868-359-8. OCLC 890615522.
- Clarke, Julia (2019). Restorative Yoga for Beginners: Gentle Poses for Relaxation and Healing. Rockridge Press. ISBN 978-1-64611-184-8. OCLC 1132272108.
- Grossman, Gail Boorstein (2015). Restorative Yoga for Life: a Relaxing Way to De-stress, Re-energize, and Find Balance. Adams Media. ISBN 978-1-4405-7520-4. OCLC 883207433.
- Long, Nancy Hodge (2016). Restorative Yoga: Restful Poses to Cradle the Body, Comfort the Heart, Calm the Mind. Crystal Heart Imprints. ISBN 978-0972100359.
- Norberg, Ulrica (2016). Restorative Yoga: Reduce Stress, Gain Energy, and Find Balance. Skyhorse Publishing. ISBN 978-1-5107-0530-2. OCLC 914219245.